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Principles%20of%20Government

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Principles of Government Government and the State If men were angels, no government would be necessary James Madison Federalist #51 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Principles%20of%20Government


1
Principles of Government
2
Government and the State
  • If men were angels, no government would be
    necessary
  • James Madison
  • Federalist 51

3
Government and the State
  • In framing a government which is to be
    administered by men over men, the great
    difficulty lies in this you must first enable
    the government to control the governed and in
    the next place oblige it to control itself.
  • James Madison
  • Federalist 51

4
What is Government?
  • Government Institution through which a society
    makes and enforces its public policies.
  • What are public policies?
  • They are all of the things that a government
    decides to do.
  • Ex. Defense, education, taxation, health care

5
Origins of Government
  • earliest known evidences of government date from
    ancient Egypt
  • Greek city states
  • The Roman Republic
  • Greek philosopher Aristotle stated, man is by
    nature a political animal
  • What did he mean?

6
What Is Politics?
  • Politics is the means by which government is
    conducted.
  • Politics enables a society to decide who will
    reap the benefits, and who will pay the costs, of
    its public policies.
  • Are politics and government the same?
  • No
  • Politics is a process, government is an
    institution.

7
The State
  • Dominant political unit in the world
  • More than 190 in the world
  • Vary in size, military power, natural resources,
    and economic importance
  • Four characteristics
  • Population
  • Territory
  • Sovereignty
  • Government

8
Thomas Hobbes
  • stated that government is necessary to avoid,
    the war of every man against every man.
  • also stated there would be, continual fear and
    danger of violent death and life would be
    solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.
  • from Leviathan

9
Major Political Ideas
  • Four theories as to the origin of the state
  • The Force Theory
  • The Evolutionary Theory
  • The Divine Right Theory
  • The Social Contract Theory
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