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Origins of Progressivism Notes

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Origins of Progressivism Notes Angela Brown Chapter 8 Section 1 * New Reform Ideas Two leading reformers 1879 Henry George Progress and Poverty stated speculation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Origins of Progressivism Notes


1
Origins of Progressivism Notes
  • Angela Brown
  • Chapter 8 Section 1

2
New Reform Ideas
  • Two leading reformers
  • 1879 Henry George Progress and Poverty stated
    speculation prevented productive use of land.
  • Single-tax clubs single tax on the value of
    land to discourage speculation
  • (Had a tax on improvements already)

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3
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pg
  • 1888 Edward Bellamy
  • Looking Backward
  • A man undergoes hypnosis wakes up in year 2000.
  • The government had taken over largest companies.
  • The goal was meeting human needs not making
    profit.

4
Socialists
  • socialism an economic and political philosophy
    favoring public or government control of property
    and income
  • Many American socialists wanted to end
    capitalism, distribute wealth and nationalize
    industry
  • 1901 Socialist Party of America
  • 1912 1000 municipal or city government, offices

5
The Labor Movement
  • If unions were successful despite discouragement,
    employers could count on courts to issue
    injunctions or court orders, prohibiting workers
    from going on strike

http//www.npr.org/news/specials/democracy/money/b
osses.html
6
Municipal Reform
  • Civil service system based on merit instead of
    favors would keep appointees out of important
    jobs enforcing labor laws.
  • Worked for home-rule system by which cities
    exercise a limited degree of self-rule
  • Allowed escape from domination of state
    government controlled by political machines.

7
II. Muckrakers
  • TRs name for Journalists that alerted public to
    wrongdoing in politics and business.
  • Based on character to busy raking filth on earth
    to lift eyes to heaven.
  • TR approved of legitimate exposure of wrongdoing.
  • Many respected writers Lincoln Steffens, Ida
    Tarbell, Upton Sinclair

8
  • (Systematic Manner for Change)
  • investigated issues scientific data/expert
    testimony
  • publicized results
  • readers pressured legislators (womens clubs and
    charitable groups key)

9
The Goals of the Progressives
  • Many Americans were inspired to take action by
    joining reform organizations by Muckrakers.
  • All groups working to bring about progress in
    society therefore period referred to as the
    Progressive Era.
  • Most progressives did not support sweeping
    economic and political changes feared violence
    of revolution average wealth didnt want to
    lose high standard of living

10
  • Free government of corruption so it could be more
    efficient in helping others.
  • Sister Carrie (1900) novel by Theodore
    Dreisers heroine goes unpunished for sins
    too shocking did not sell well 1981 published
    in original form

11
An Expanded Role for Government
  • Wanted government to develop more Social Welfare
    Programs ensure a basic standard of living for
    all Americans
  • Expected government to rely on experts/scientists
    to plan efficient programs, which professionals,
    not politicians would manage
  • Unemployment, accident, health insurance, social
    security for disabled and elderly

12
Women Work for Reforms
  • Chicago Hull House worked with Jane Addams
    Florence Kelley 1893 law prohibiting child
    labor limiting working hours for women,
    regulating sweatshop conditions
  • Governor put Kelley in charge of enforcing.
  • Earned a law degree in order to take legal action
    herself.
  • 1897 replaced by new government spoils system
    became involved in Municipal reform

http//chswg.binghamton.edu/kelley.jpg
13
  • Ask why animals are worthy of government
    protection but not the children of our race and
    their mothers.
  • Her legacy lasted long after her death in 1932.
  • Issues workplace, temperance, right to vote

14
Resistance to Progressive Reforms
  • Progressives thought government should have say
    in housing, health care, content of movies.
  • Child labor laws employers and families who
    needed the income objected
  • Progressives were perceived as being insensitive
    to poor the ones they sought to help

15
Exit Slip
  • Who were the Progressives?
  • What did Progressives want?
  • Name 3 changes to society that Progressives
    sought.
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