The New Imperialism 1869-1914 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The New Imperialism 1869-1914 PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 83b7f0-YzljZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The New Imperialism 1869-1914

Description:

Title: The New Imperialism 1869-1914 Author: Rustynail Last modified by – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:72
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 16
Provided by: Rust76
Learn more at: http://www.longbranch.k12.nj.us
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The New Imperialism 1869-1914


1
The New Imperialism 1869-1914
  • Ch. 27

2
New Imperialism
  • Imperial powers used economic and technological
    means to reorganize dependent regions, bring them
    into world economy.
  • Africa- done by conquest and colonial
    administration
  • Latin America- done by indirect means

3
Motives
  • Political-
  • desire to gain national prestige
  • Acquisition of new colonial possessions/ colonial
    agents often sent troops first and informed home
    govts. later.
  • Cultural-
  • Exporting Western Civilization through
    Christian missionary activity.
  • Imperialism gained popularity, racism, young men-
    opportunities for adventure and glory

4
Motives
  • Economic-
  • Industrialization of Europe and North America-
    stimulated a demand for minerals, industrial
    crops, and stimulants (sugar, coffee, tea, and
    tobacco)
  • Entrepreneurs/investors looked to profit- mines,
    plantations, railroads in Asia, Africa, and Latin
    America
  • Minimized risk by seeking diplomatic and military
    support from their govt.

5
Tools of Imperialists
  • Industrial revolution made imperialism possible
  • Steamships and the Suez Canal gave Europeans
    greater mobility and better communication.
  • Quinine-prevent malaria
  • Invention of breechloader, smokeless gunpowder,
    machine gun widened firearms gap
  • VIDEO- MODERN MARVELS

6
Colonial Agents Administration
  • Colonists applied modern scientific and
    industrial methods to their colonies that started
    to transform African and Asian societies.
  • Some colonies retained traditional govt. some
    were administered directly.
  • Cooperation of indigenous elite
  • Traditional rulers
  • Youth trained for modern jobs
  • Women arrive, more racial segregation.

7
Scramble for Africa!
8
Egypt
  • Egyptian khedives- expensive modernization
    projects
  • Financed with high-interest loans form European
    creditors
  • 1882- British sent army into Egypt, established a
    system of indirect rule to protect loan
    investments
  • British worked to modernize Egypt
  • Dam across the Nile- help agriculture/cotton
  • Benefited only small elite
  • Accompanied by Western ways conflicted with Islam

9
Western and Equatorial Africa
  • West Africa- French built railroad from upper
    Senegal River- upper Niger
  • Open interior to French merchants.
  • France claimed northern bank
  • Belgium- claimed area south of Congo River

10
Western and Equatorial Africa
  • Berlin Conference on Africa- 1885 1886
  • Lay out framework for how Africa would be divided
    up
  • Occupation of Africa took many years, met with
    much resistance
  • West Africa, new colonial power developed
    existing trade networks.
  • Equatorial Africa
  • Little inhabitants or trade
  • Concessions to private companies that forced
    Africans to produce cash crops and carry them to
    nearest river or railroad.

11
Southern Africa
  • Good pastures, farmlands, and mineral wealth
  • Discovery of diamonds in 1868
  • Led to the defeat of the Xhosa and the Zulu
  • 1910- European settler created the Union of South
    Africa
  • Afrikaaners emerged as ruling element in a govt
    that assigned Africans to reservations,
    established a system of racial segregation.

12
1914 African Imperialism
13
Political and Social Consequences
  • Mixed feelings about European invasion by natives
  • Some fought (Zulu, Ndebele)
  • Ethiopia successfully defended itself against the
    British-1896
  • Most tried to live as before, difficult due to
    colonial policies
  • Imposition of taxes on Africans forced them into
    low-paying jobs.
  • Womens property rights undermined
  • Given to the head of house (a.k.a. the man)

14
(No Transcript)
15
Cultural Responses
  • Missionaries taught practical skills (crafts and
    domestic skills) and western ideas
  • Mission educated Africans started to critique
    colonialism
  • Colonialism contributed to diffusion of Islam by
  • Building cities
  • Increasing trade
  • Allowing Muslims to settle in new areas
About PowerShow.com