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New Imperialism

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The motives for late 19th century imperialism were economic, political, paternalistic, and racist. New Imperialism J. A. Hobson Joseph Chamberlain Suez Canal Boers ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Imperialism


1
New Imperialism
  • Critics of the new imperialism attacked the
    economic, political, paternalistic, and racist
    motives behind 19th century imperialism.

2
Evidence
  • New Imperialism
  • J. A. Hobson
  • Joseph Chamberlain
  • Suez Canal
  • Boers Wars
  • Sepoy Mutiny
  • jingoism
  • Alfred T. Mahan
  • Cecil Rhodes
  • David Livingstone
  • Henry Stanley
  • Boxer Rebellion
  • Open Door Policy
  • gunboat diplomacy
  • Opium Wars
  • Congress of Berlin

3
Motives Justifications
  • Economic
  • Access to markets, raw materials and profits from
    investments in developing infrastructure
  • Reduce prices of goods and provide employment and
    economic benefits for workers
  • Political
  • Nationalists argued that imperialism was
    necessary for the prestige of their country and
    for strategic ports
  • Social Darwinist believed that the European
    states were engaged in a fierce struggle for
    survival and that colonies were important for
    victory

4
Motives/Justifications Continued
  • Paternalistic
  • Some argued that it was a moral obligation for
    Europeans to spread the benefits of Western
    civilization medicine, education, democracy,
    science, and technology to the backwards world
  • Christian missionaries believed they were saving
    souls
  • Racist argued that imperialism was justified
    because of the inferiority of the African and
    Asian races.

5
Critics
  • Critics said that imperialism was detrimental in
    that the taxpayers had to pay for the imperial
    armies and navies
  • Critics, such as Hobson, argued that only the
    cash-rich capitalist who needed places to invest
    their surplus capital benefited from imperialism
  • Critics argued that imperialist competition might
    lead to unnecessary wars
  • Critics also asserted that imperialism was a way
    for the ruling elite to avoid discussing of
    domestic problems

6
Criticism Continued
  • Critics argued that such imposition of Western
    culture was destructive of native cultures,
    religions, and languages and presumed a
    superiority that was not always valid
  • Critics opposed both Social Darwinism and racism
    as lacking any scientific basis and said that
    they were simply justifying white domination
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