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Industrial Revolution

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Industrial Revolution Global 10 Honors – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Industrial Revolution


1
Industrial Revolution
  • Global 10 Honors

2
Focus Questions
  • What was the Industrial Revolution?
  • Where did it begin?
  • What were the results, problems and solutions?

3
Long Range Causes
  • Agricultural Revolution
  • Crop rotation
  • New crops
  • Farmers raised sheep and cattle
  • New machines reaper and Thresher
  • Enclosure Movement
  • Population Increase
  • People living longer why?
  • More babies surviving
  • Why?

4
Immediate Causes
  • New inventions
  • Large pool of workers available
  • Access to raw materials and investment capital
  • Existence of markets
  • Laissez-faire economy

5
Immediate Effects
  • Population explosion
  • Development of new financing strategies and
    international economy
  • Rapid growth of cities
  • Rise of a powerful middle class
  • Use of child labor

6
Long Range Effects
  • Labor reform and labor unions
  • Growth of democracy
  • Rise of socialism
  • Romanticism in literature, art, and music
  • Realism in literature and art

7
Industrial Revolution
  • Is the change that took place in the means of
    production.
  • Begins 1750
  • Change from home to factory and from hand to
    machine
  • 1750-1870 First Industrial Revolution (water,
    steam)
  • 1870- today Second IR (electricity)
  • Is there a 3rd?

8
Why England?
  • Coal and Iron
  • Stable government
  • Merchant fleet
  • Colonies for markets
  • Good source for cheap labor
  • People with capital
  • What is the first industry ?

9
Problems..
  • Long hours
  • Low wages
  • Unsafe conditions
  • Unsanitary conditions
  • Child labor
  • slums

10
Characteristics of the Industrial Revolution
  • Many types of complicated power driven machinery
    used
  • Large scale use of coal and iron steel
  • Businessmen set up buildings called factories
    used to carry on production
  • Population of cities grew rapidly Urbanization
  • Division between owners and workers
  • Division of labor introduced for more efficient
    production

11
Characteristics of the Industrial Revolution
  • New technology made possible increase in
    production at a low price for a wide market
  • Swifter and more efficient means of
    transportation ( steamboats, autos, planes) and
    communication (telegraph, computers) were
    developed
  • Scientific principles were applied to solve
    practical problems in manufacturing and
    distribution

12
Results of the Industrial Revolution
  • Political
  • Power in government passes to the middle class
    and eventually the workers universal suffrage
  • Arises a need for government regulation to
    protect consumers and workers
  • Child labor laws
  • Anti-trust laws
  • Imperialism and Nationalism
  • Rise of labor unions, collective bargaining and
    STRIKE

13
Results
  • Social
  • Increase in population
  • Urbanization
  • Women and children crowd the labor markets,
    willing to work for low wages
  • Problems
  • Loss of identity, monotony, slums
  • Deadliness of workplace
  • Benefits
  • Improved status of women
  • More leisure time
  • 15 hr day to 8 hr day
  • Free public education

14
Results
  • Economic
  • Corporation, stockholders
  • Capital
  • Monopolies which could control prices,
    wages,hours and working conditions
  • Unemployment caused by overproduction and under
    consumption
  • factory system mass production, assembly line
  • Standard of living rose
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