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The Industrial Revolution

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Title: The Industrial Revolution Author: melissa.cohenlevin Last modified by: Humphries, Cynthia Created Date: 2/19/2008 3:39:50 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Industrial Revolution


1
LABEL THE MAP Warm- Up
Who did we buy the L.P. from?
6
5
How much did the Louisiana purchase cost?
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3
4
1
Put in your BINDER Number your page 1-7
7
What river did Lewis and Clark use as a guide?
2
The Industrial Revolution
  • A gradual process by which machines replaced
    hand tools, and steam and other new sources of
    power replaced human and animal power.

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4
Horse Power
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6
Steam Engine
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Spinning Wheel
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Spinning Jenny
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Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin
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Handmade guns
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Interchangeable Parts
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New Inventions New Way of Life
  • Factory System brought workers and machinery
    together
  • Cottage Economy Individual Workers out of their
    home.
  • Capital Money (used to start a business)
  • Capitalist a person who invest in business in
    order to make a profit.

21
Britain and Textiles
  • Mid- 1700s
  • Steam powered
  • Water powered
  • Secretive

22
The Industrial Revolution actually began in
Britain in the mid-1700s. People were inventing
things that helped to change the textile
industry which is the making of cloth or
clothing. One important invention was the
spinning jenny. While the spinning wheel could
only spin one thread at a time to create cloth, a
spinning jenny could spin many at one time.
Spinning wheel
Spinning jenny
23
Samuel SlaterHero or Traitor?
  • 1789- escape
  • 1793-creation of 1st successful textile mill

Old Slater Mill
24
Umbrella Question- Industrial Revolution
  • How did the Industrial Revolution change the
    United States? Give examples of new technology,
    new ideas, and how urbanization changed the
    United States.

Copy the Umbrella Questions into your BINDER
25
Eli Whitney
  • Barrel, stock, trigger- all custom made
  • What if a part breaks?
  • Interchangeable Parts

26
Effects of the War of 1812
  • Britain major provider of goods
  • British Blockade
  • Boost to American industry

27
Lowell, Massachusetts
Spinning thread
Weaving cloth
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Lowell Girls
  • Farming
  • Before marriage
  • Sent wages home
  • Economic freedom

29
How do you think this experience changed American
society?How do you think it changed the role of
women?
30
The Boston Manufacturing Company carefully
recruited young female workers. This could be
difficult since the women would be leaving their
hometowns and families, and factory laborers
traditionally had low social status. The company
wanted to overcome this prejudice about factory
culture. Therefore, they offered relatively high
wages and promised that boarding houses would
have strict rules (e.g., curfews and restrictions
on male visitors). The factory owners also
promised "cultural activities", including
concerts, lectures, and the creation of a group
magazine. Many families sent their daughters to
earn wages for their sons' education.
31
Daily Life
  • Women/ children (as young as 6 or 7)
  • ½ pay
  • 5 a.m. and ended at 7 p.m
  • 6 days per week
  • averaged 73 hours of work per week

32
Daily Living Conditions
  • The women's dormitories tended to be cramped. Up
    to six people would share a room.
  • One worker described her quarters as "a small,
    comfortless, half-ventilated apartment containing
    some half a dozen occupants".
  • The cultural activities advertised by recruiters
    were few and far between the women seldom
    experienced the world beyond their dorms and
    machine rooms.

33
Write 3 positives and 3 negatives of Urbanization
Positives Negatives

34
Urbanization
Positives Negatives
Theatres Museums European fashions International goods Pre-made goods
  • Movement from farms to cities.

1800 6 lived in urban areas 1850 15 lived in
urban areas 1920 over 50 lived in urban areas
35
Urbanization
Positives Negatives
Theatres Museums European fashions International goods Pre-made goods Dirt/gravel streets Muddy No sewers Trash in the street Dirty Epidemics
  • Movement from farms to cities.

1800 6 lived in urban areas 1850 15 lived in
urban areas 1920 over 50 lived in urban areas
36
America went from this to
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38
Which kind of society do you think is
better?Farming or Industry
39
Read pp. 330-335
  • Compare life before industrialization to life
    after industrialization. List the changes
    brought about by the Industrial Revolution.
  • How did life become better as a result of the
    Revolution? How did the quality of life decline
    as a result of the Revolution?

40
Farming
Positives Negatives

41
Industrial Revolution
Positives Negatives

42
Industrial Revolution
Before industrialization After industrialization
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