The Industrial Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Industrial Revolution

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The Industrial Revolution Life before and the how and why of the changes I. Life Before 9 of 10 people live in rural areas Most are farmers Villages all have ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Industrial Revolution


1
The Industrial Revolution
  • Life before and the how and why of the changes

2
I. Life Before
  • 9 of 10 people live in rural areas
  • Most are farmers
  • Villages all have commons where people could
    graze cattle and gather sticks for fire
  • Small upper class, large lower class, small
    middle class
  • ½ of people live to age 21
  • Life expectancy 40

3
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Life Before . . .
5
II. Where the Revolution Began
  • Changes began in England about 1750
  • Enclosure movement common lands were taken over
    for private farm use
  • Production rose
  • Villagers were forced to go to cities to find work

6
Enclosed!
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III. Why the Revolution Began
  • More food more population more workers!
  • Population grew from 5 million in 1700 to 40
    million in 1900
  • Exploration (colonies, trade and raw materials)
    and large scale farming more money more
    investments!

Remember me???
8
III. Why the Revolution Began
  • Scientific Revolution led to many new
    technologies (most based on water or steam power)
  • England had lots of natural resources like
  • Rivers to run water mills
  • Coal and iron
  • Where will England look to next for resources?
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