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The Salem Witch Trials

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The Crucible by Arthur Miller Author: ECUSD7 Last modified by: base ... Arial Calibri Default Design The Salem Witch Trials by Arthur Miller About Arthur ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Salem Witch Trials


1
The Salem Witch Trials
2
by Arthur Miller
3
About Arthur Miller(relevant author background)
  • Born and raised in NYC in 1915--- Depression and
    major financial losses caused family to have to
    relocate from Manhattan to Brooklyn
  • High school dropout
  • Convinced U of Michigan to accept him w/o a
    diploma where he honed writing skills

4
Most of Millers plays focus on the dilemma of
common people pitted against powerful and
unyielding social forces
5
Famous works
  • All My Sons
  • Actions in WWII bring about end of mans family
  • Death of a Salesman
  • Excessive focus on material success
  • The Crucible
  • Inspired by hysteria created by political climate
    of McCarthyism (communist infiltration of US
    institutions)
  • The Misfits
  • Screenplay featured Marilyn MonroeHIS WIFE

6
Historical Context(connections to history)
  • Puritans of 1600s
  • Salem Witchcraft
  • Trials
  • America in 1950s
  • McCarthyism

7
(No Transcript)
8
Puritanism Theocracy
  • No separation between the church and state.
  • Religion is the LAW
  • Those who violate religious rules are persecuted
    and could be prosecuted

9
The McCarthy Era
  • Began in 1950 out of growing fears that Communism
    was spreading
  • Senator Joseph McCarthy charged that the State
    Department had been infiltrated by more than 200
    communists
  • Created an atmosphere of fear and suspicion
    throughout the ENTIRE U.S.

10
Wheres the evidence?
  • Even though there was no evidence of his
    accusations found, McCarthy refused to retract
    his statements
  • Instead he went on radio and TV to further his
    claims that some governmental officials were
    engaged in subversive activities
  • Heres the catchhe was a Republican Democrats
    controlled the Senate in 1950

11
HUACHouse Un-American Activities Committee
  • In 1952, Rep. gain control of Senate and appoint
    McCarthy chairman of a permanent investigation
    committee
  • Interrogated people publicly, revealing their
    private lives
  • Committee demanded to know the names of those
    involved in communist activities or even those
    who agreed remotely with communist ideas

12
  • No concrete evidence was ever found but the
    ramifications were horrible.
  • Hollywood Ten (Blacklist)
  • Click here to read article related to Hollywood
    Censorship
  • Many government officials lost their jobs and the
    nation was in a near state of hysteria
  • Link to Walt Disneys Testimony

13
(No Transcript)
14
  • Miller was called before the House Committee on
    Un-American Activities, and convicted of contempt
    of Congress for not cooperating

15
Can you think of modern dayhysteria created by
some accusations that may havenot been true?
  • Who was affected?
  • How so?
  • What were the results?
  • Has there been lasting impact?

16
As we read The Crucible
  • Look for ways this story is like the McCarthy Era
  • Think about the main theme Miller is trying to
    state
  • Symbols in the text
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