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Chapter 6 Ancient Greece

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Title: Chapter 6 Ancient Greece


1
Chapter 6 Ancient Greece
  • Section 1 Rise of Greek Civilization

2
I. Geography
  1. Greece is located in Southern Europe
  2. Greece is made up of 300 islands and a peninsula
    made up of peninsulas.
  3. Two largest islands - Crete and Rhodes
  4. For Greece, Mountains are a major landform
  5. Greek islands are actually the tops of underwater
    mountains
  6. Only one-fifth (1/5) of the land is good for
    growing crops (rocky, mountainous). Summers are
    hot and dry, winters can be wet and very windy

3
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4
  • G. Greeks were islanders some lived on real
    islands, some lived on peninsulas, others lived
    on land separated by mountains
  • H. Greek communities thought of themselves as
    different countries
  • Each community developed its own customs and
    beliefs
  • J. There was much fighting among the Greeks

5
II. Origins
  1. Minoans on Crete first developed a sea trade
    network and a vibrant culture then declined in
    the middle of the 1400s BC
  2. After the Mycenaeans came to power ,focus shifted
    to the mainland
  3. Around 1400 BC, the Mycenaeans controlled the
    Aegean Sea and parts of the Mediterranean Sea.
  4. They conquered other groups

6
  • E. After the Trojan War, civilization in Greece
    collapsed. Greece entered the Dark Ages. Writing
    was forgotten, trade with outside groups was
    stopped. People were focused on survival.
  • F. Gradually family farms developed into villages
  • G. Cities were built near an acropolis (hill)
    Why? For safety. Grew Wheat, barley, olives,
    grapes, and raised animals
  • H. By 800 BC people began to write again.
    Civilization returned
  • I. In every Greek town, there was an agora (open
    space) around which buildings were built. Trade
    and business took place in the agora

7
III. Government
  • A. Around 750 BC, villages joined together to
    form city-states (polis) with their OWN laws and
    governments
  • B. Most city-states were controlled by
    aristocrats (wealthy men) called an oligarchy or
    an aristocracy. They controlled the land and
    could afford to defend themselves
  • C. Traders and merchants formed a middle class
    and they began to control the government of the
    city-states

8
  • D. Around 504 BC, Solon, an Athenian leader,
    reformed the laws of Athens (debt law)
  • E. Athens became the leading democracy of the
    ancient world. They allowed the citizens to
    govern Athens.
  • F. Who were citizens? Men with Athenian parents
    over the age of 18
  • G. Women and slaves were not citizens
  • H. Meetings were held in the agora and votes
    would be taken
  • I. Oligarchy (rule by a few) to monarchy (rule by
    one) to democracy (rule by the people)
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