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The%20Civil%20War

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THE CIVIL WAR Mr. Marinello * US History Events Leading to the War Missouri Compromise Compromise of 1850 Brown s Raid on Harper s Ferry Creation of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The%20Civil%20War


1
The Civil War
  • Mr. Marinello US History

2
Events Leading to the War
  • Missouri Compromise
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Browns Raid on Harpers Ferry
  • Creation of the Republican Party
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

3
The Nation Divided
4
Union vs. Confederacy
Union
  • Advantages
  • Industrial base
  • Population of 22 million
  • Had control over US Navy
  • Used to blockade south
  • Disadvantages
  • Longer supply lines
  • Less agriculture
  • Fighting in unfamiliar land

5
Union vs. Confederacy
Confederacy
  • Advantages
  • Know the land
  • Defending homeland
  • Farmers make better soldiers than factory workers
  • Disadvantages
  • Population of 9 million
  • Less industry
  • Less infrastructure

6
Whos Who?
  • Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United
    States
  • First Republican President
  • Believed in preserving the Union at all cost
  • Jefferson Davis 1st (and only) President of the
    Confederate States of America
  • Senator from Mississippi

7
Whos Who?
  • Ulysses S. Grant Commanding General of the
    Union Army
  • Robert E. Lee Commanding General of the
    Confederate Army
  • William Tecumseh Sherman Union General
  • Criticized for his policies of total war
  • George Pickett
  • Famous for his futile charge against Union troops
    at Gettysburg

8
Death and the Civil War
  • 2.5 of Americas population died in the Civil
    War
  • More than 600,000 casualties
  • In terms of todays population that would be
    7,500,000 people
  • The populations of
  • Chicago
  • San Francisco
  • Detroit
  • Atlanta
  • Houston

9
Death and the Civil War
  • The war fundamentally changed how we view death
  • Before the war, most burials took place at home.
  • The science of body preservation takes hold.
  • Using techniques we still use today.
  • Most men were buried where they fell or in mass
    graves.
  • National Cemeteries were created.
  • Refusal of the North to attend to southern dead
    was a point of conflict in the future.

10
The Emancipation Proclamation
  • January 1, 1863 Lincoln drafts the Emancipation
    Proclamation
  • Frees all slaves held in states that were in
    rebellion against the Union
  • Made freeing slaves a key goal in the war
  • Slaves were not given citizenship
  • Did not outlaw slavery
  • As the Union moved in to lands formerly held by
    the Confederacy slaves were freed
  • Many joined the Union army to fight against the
    Confederacy

11
Gettysburg
  • In July of 1863 Lee realized that the South was
    losing and needed to attack the North
  • Lee was defeated and retreated to Virginia
  • Gettysburg is the largest battle in the history
    of the Western hemisphere.
  • Over 100, 000 people died in 3 days

12
The Gettysburg Address
  • To commemorate the national cemetery at
    Gettysburg Lincoln drafted a few remarks
  • The politician, Edward Everrett, who was before
    Lincoln spoke for 2 hours
  • Lincolns address was 10 sentences
  • The Gettysburg Address is seen as one of the
    greatest examples of oration in the English
    language.

13
Lee Surrenders
  • On April 3, 1865 Grant takes Richmond, VA
  • The Capital of the Confederate States of America
  • Robert E. Lee surrenders to Grant on April 9,
    1865 at the Appomattox Courthouse
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