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The Russian Revolution

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The Russian Revolution The impact of war 1904-1905: Russo-Japanese war 1914-1917: The Great War The state fails in its most important function Impulse for reform ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Russian Revolution


1
(No Transcript)
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The Russian Revolution
3
  • The impact of war
  • 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese war
  • 1914-1917 The Great War
  • The state fails in its most important function
  • Impulse for reform
  • Impulse for a revolution

4
  • Whats wrong with the system
  • Inefficiency
  • Backwardness Russia has not modernized
  • The economy is underdeveloped
  • The political system is archaic, rigid and
    corrupt
  • Society is torn by tensions and conflicts
  • Fire in the minds of men

5
  • Since 1905 a contest between reform and
    revolution
  • The inadequacy of reforms
  • The Tsar is reactionary
  • The nobility is stuck in the old order
  • The capitalist class is too dependent on the
    state, too afraid to show initiative
  • Reforms dont prevent revolution
  • Revolution drives reforms
  • Reforms
  • Political (liberalization)
  • Economic (development of capitalism)

6
  • The gap between the rulers and the ruled
  • Liberal reforms only stimulate radical protest
  • THE ATTRACTIONS OF SOCIALISM
  • No consensus emerges
  • When the state resorts to repression, that only
    makes the gap even wider
  • Russias options
  • A liberal-capitalist path what it would require
  • An authoritarian-capitalist path what it would
    require
  • A non-capitalist path

7
  • Russian Communists
  • Russian Social-Democratic Workers Party
    (Bolsheviks)
  • Lenin Russia as the weakest link in the world
    capitalist system
  • Russian capitalism is unviable
  • Therefore, Russia may have to move directly to
    socialism
  • Overthrow of the old ruling classes
  • Establishing a state run by workers and peasants
  • This will be followed by other revolutions

8
  • Few took this analysis seriously until the fall
    of 1917
  • 8 months between the fall of the Tsar and the
    October Coup
  • Dual Power
  • The Provisional Government
  • The Soviets
  • The Provisional Government loses its grip
  • What about the Soviets?
  • The Bolsheviks make their move
  • Stage a coup
  • Proclaim a Soviet Republic

9
  • How is this Republic organized?
  • As a revolutionary dictatorship
  • What it does
  • Decree on Peace
  • Decree on Land
  • Worker control of industry
  • How it maintains itself
  • The inevitability of a civil war
  • The challenges
  • Old ruling classes fight back
  • Opponents of dictatorship (including many
    leftists) resist
  • Foreign powers

10
  • The Civil War (1918-1920) Reds vs. Whites
  • Why the Bolsheviks won
  • Their policy goals received wide support in
    society
  • Their dictatorship was strong enough
  • The Red Army
  • The Cheka
  • The Party
  • Lenin
  • The mass base
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