The European Union - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The European Union PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 834f5d-ZGEwN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The European Union

Description:

The European Union Key Dates April 1948 ... Treaty of Paris adds to Inner Six ... Ireland, Denmark, Norway rejects membership 1981: Greece 1984: Spain, Portugal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:38
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 14
Provided by: Value752
Learn more at: http://spot.colorado.edu
Category:
Tags: european | paris | treaty | union

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The European Union


1
The European Union
2
  • Key Dates
  • April 1948 Brussels Pact creates NATO
  • May 1950 Schuman Monnet propose French
    German place coal steel under common authority
  • April 1951 Treaty of Paris adds to Inner Six
    to form ECSC, very complex treaties (130
    articles)
  • May 1952 EDC treaty signed, France takes the
    lead (Plevin Plan)
  • August 1952 High Authority (9 mbr board) meets
    for the 1st time (Monnet in charge)

3
Key Motivations
  • Pastoralize Germany Morgenthau Plan, rejected
    by Truman at Potsdam
  • Integrate Germany
  • Create an independent Germany, Adenaur
  • Deter the USSR
  • Functionalist Theory

4
The European Union
  • Key Dates (cont)
  • May 1954 - French proposal for EPC of Inner Six
  • August 1954 French National Assembly defeats
    EDC pact
  • October 1954 FRG enters NATO
  • June 1955 Messina conf of foreign ministers
    proposes further economic integration of Europe
  • March 1957 2 treaties in Rome create EEC and
    EURATOM beside ECSC
  • 1963 Degaulle vetoes British admission

5
The European Union
  • Key Dates (cont)
  • 1965 Merger Treaty (Single commission)
  • 1966 - Luxembourg Compromise
  • 1968 The Six members create industrial customs
    union removing most internal tariffs and a common
    external tariff (2 years ahead of schedule)
  • 1968 Common Agricultural Policy established,
    six years in negotiation
  • 1979 Direct elections for European Parliament

6
The European Union Enlargement
  • 1957 The Inner Six France, Germany, Italy,
    Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg
  • 1973 UK, Ireland, Denmark, Norway rejects
    membership
  • 1981 Greece
  • 1984 Spain, Portugal
  • 1995 Austria, Finland, Sweden
  • 2004-2013 Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia,
    Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland,
    Slovakia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania Croatia
  • Negotiations with Albania, Iceland, Serbia,
    Turkey Macedonia

7
Economic Integration
  • 1969 Hague summit agreement on EMU (Snake in
    the tunnel)
  • 1977 EMS replaces EMU
  • 1979 Cassis decision
  • 1985 Cockfield White Paper
  • 1987 Single European Act to complete a single
    market by Dec 1992
  • 1992 Maastricht Treaty establishes European
    Union (EU)

8
EU Institutions
  • The Commission
  • The Council of Ministers
  • The European Council
  • The European Parliament
  • The European Court of Justice

9
EU Institutions
  • The European Commission
  • Supranational executive body with exclusive power
    to initiate legislation administer the budget
  • 27 member board (formerly two members from the
    five largest states)
  • Serve 5-year renewable terms approved by the
    Parliament
  • Supervise the 20k Eurocrats

10
EU Institutions
  • The Council of Ministers/European Council
  • 27 heads of government or their pertinent
    ministers who set EU policy
  • Nominates Commission president
  • Meets 4 times per year
  • Presidency rotates every 6 months
  • Uses qualified majority voting, some issues still
    have to be unanimous

11
EU Institutions
  • The European Parliament
  • Directly elected by the European voters to meet
    in Strasbourg
  • 785 MEPs elected for 5-year terms in rough
    proportion to country population
  • Approves budget and has co-decision on
    legislation
  • Can dissolve entire Commission

12
EU Institutions
  • The European Court of Justice
  • Supreme court for EU matters (not criminal
    justice)
  • One judge per country
  • Vote by simple majority
  • European Investment Bank
  • Worlds largest multilateral borrower

13
Current EU Problems
  • BREXIT
  • Democratic Deficit
  • The Danish alternative
  • The failure of the Constitution
  • The CAP
  • Foreign and Security Policy
  • Further enlargement (Turkey?)
About PowerShow.com