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Indian Wine

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Two of the best known are Chateau Indage at Narayangaon in the Sahyadri Valley, which was established in 1979, and Sula Vineyards, 111 miles (180km) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Indian Wine


1
Indian Wine
  • India is a rapidly emerging wine economy in terms
    of both production and consumption, and has the
    potential to become a significant player on the
    world wine scene. This stems from the fact that
    the country has consistently experienced the
    highest growth in consumption in the world
    around 2030 a year between 2002 and 2010. To
    meet this demand, a significant quantity of wine
    is imported annually but India also has a mix of
    well-established and evolving domestic wineries.
  • Historically, the introduction of vines to the
    Indian subcontinent and the subsequent
    proliferation of grape growing came from Persia
    in 500 BC. There is no evidence that commercial
    viticulture existed before the 19th century, when
    British colonialists supported the establishment
    of a local source of supply. However, just as the
    embryonic wine industry started to take shape it
    suffered a devastating blow from the outbreak of
    phylloxera. Religious and cultural vetos on
    alcohol consumption also proved to be a difficult
    challenge for the growth of Indian wine after
    independence from Britain. This continues to be
    the case in many parts of the country, where
    prohibition is enforced through local laws.
  • Despite these obstacles, a large-scale expansion
    in the Indian wine industry was experienced in
    the late 1980s and early 1990s as a result of
    globalization and liberal economic measures, as
    well as notable initiatives in modern wine
    growing by producers such as Chateau Indage
    India's first commercial winery. The current
    surge in wine consumption is largely driven by
    the growth of an affluent 'middle class'.

2
Terroir/Climate
  • Because of its location, India is not an easy
    place for large-scale viticulture. With latitudes
    ranging from 10 to 35 degrees north, the climate
    can be harsh and the tropical conditions mean
    that vines have to cope with a short growing
    season in addition to extreme heat and an
    unforgiving monsoon. Typical summer temperatures
    on the plains can reach more than 116F (47C) and
    rainfall can be intermittent. The climatic
    extremes are also exacerbated by high levels of
    humidity rising from the Arabian Sea and the
    Indian Ocean. Additionally, Indian wine producers
    must protect their vines from conditions such as
    sunburn, fungal diseases and over-ripeness.
  • Altitude plays the most significant role in site
    selection, as elevation ensures cooler growing
    conditions and also protects the vines from
    strong winds if they are planted in sheltered
    spots. The altitude in some of the prime growing
    areas reaches 3000ft (900m). A varied range of
    nutrient-rich soil types, ranging from
    well-drained sandy variants to complex
    metamorphic formations produced by the weathering
    of rock, lends character to Indian wines.
  • The majority of India's wine regions are
    concentrated in the south-western part of the
    country, primarily in the state of Maharashtra
    but also in Karnataka. The slopes of the
    Sahayadri mountain range which forms the 'Western
    Ghats' have been identified as the most suitable
    place for viticulture, due to high altitudes and
    a correspondingly mild macroclimate. Some of the
    most well-known wine-producing areas in
    Maharashtra include Nashik, Sangli, Sholapur,
    Satara, Ahmednagar and Pune. In the state of
    Karnataka, the best sites are situated on the
    foothills of the Nandi Hills on the outskirts of
    Bangalore. Other notable grape-growing areas are
    found in the states of Himachal Pradesh, Tamil
    Nadu, Punjab, and Jammu Kashmir. A few areas in
    the north-east are also attracting attention due
    to their high location and cooler climates.
  • Since the beginning of the current renaissance in
    its wine industry, India has adopted a modern
    approach to production, both in its vineyards and
    wineries. Most commercial producers use
    phylloxera-resistant grafted vines imported from
    abroad. Contemporary vineyard practices, ranging
    from top-class soil and canopy management to a
    wide range of trellising methods, are used to
    combat the climatic extremes and control high
    yields caused by the fertile soils (it is not
    uncommon to find yields of 900hL/50 tons per
    hectare). Bordeaux's Michel Rolland is the
    consultant winemaker for Grover Vineyards a
    well-known winery based near Bangalore.
  • India's low level of wine production contrasts
    with its total grape output of around 1.7m tons
    per year the majority is used for table grapes
    and raisins, with only about 10 going to the
    production of wine. An even lower proportion
    comes from high-quality international varieties,
    although Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz, Merlot and
    Zinfandel for reds and Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc,
    Clairette and Sauvignon Blanc for whites are all
    grown. Thompson Seedless and Sultana vines
    produce the majority of India's grapes, with
    other notable varieties including Isabella (local
    name Bangalore Blue) and Muscat Hamburg (local
    name Gulabi).
  • Wine styles range from heavy and alcoholic
    fortified wines to quality still wines and
    sparkling wines made by the traditional method.

3
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4
Chenin Blanc
  • Sula 2011 Chenin Blanc Nashik, India
  • Man Vintners 2011 Chenin Blanc Agter Paarl
    region, South Africa

5
Sula Maharashtra wine region Napa of India
  • Maharashtra is the third-largest state in India
    and its capital, Mumbai, is both India's largest
    city (with a population of more than 10 million)
    and its chief financial center. Two-thirds of the
    state's population is employed in agriculture and
    Maharashtra is home to two of India's largest
    grape-producing districts Nashik and Sangli.
    More than 90 of the country's wine is produced
    here and the state government introduced
    concessions and incentives for wine producers to
    encourage more growth.
  • Although only a small percentage of Maharashtra's
    grapes are used for wine (with the majority being
    sold as table grapes or raisins), the figure is
    increasing. A temperate climate provides warm
    days and cool nights at the end of the growing
    season, enabling the grapes to mature slowly.
    Some vineyards are planted as high as 980ft
    (300m) to compensate for the region's latitude of
    18.33 to 20.53 degrees north and ensure adequate
    rainfall.
  • Maharashtra has more than 40 wineries. Two of the
    best known are Chateau Indage at Narayangaon in
    the Sahyadri Valley, which was established in
    1979, and Sula Vineyards, 111 miles (180km) north
    of Mumbai in Nashik, where the first wine grapes
    were planted in 1997.
  • More than 25 grape varieties are grown in
    Maharashtra, including Chardonnay, Pinot Noir,
    Shiraz, Malbec, Viognier, Grenache, Arkavati,
    Arkeshyam, Ugni Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Merlot,
    Zinfandel, Muscadet, Semillon and Chenin Blanc.

6
Man Vintner Story
  • Man Vintners, South Africa
  • To keep peace in the families, we took our wives
    initials (we each have one wife) that is how we
    explained to Marie, Anette and Nicky that we were
    going to be busy most weekends. Its for you!
    we told them. And mostly its true.
  • José Conde and brothers Tyrrel and Philip Myburgh
    started making wine together in 2001. They are
    supported by a group of grape growers from the
    Agter-Paarl region.
  • Their first 500 cases were made in a tractor
    shed, we have grown to producing over 175 000
    cases per year and exporting to 25 countries.
    Their biggest selling wines are Chenin Blanc and
    Cabernet Sauvignon, but the area is also known
    for Shiraz and Pinotage.

7
Terroir
  • Sula
  • Maharashtra, 2,600 ft (800 m) along the slopes of
    the Sahyadri to 3,300 ft (1000 m) in Kashmir.
    Summertime temperature can get as hot as 113 F
    (45 C) and wintertime lows can fall to 46F
    (8C).
  • During the peak growing season between June and
    August, rainfall averages 2560 inches.
  • The Vineyards are in Nashik Valley, India's
    finest wine region. Located just 180 km. from
    Bombay and 600 m. above sea level.
  • Nashik lies on western edge of the Deccan Plateau
    which is a volcanic formation. The soil here is
    primarily black which is favorable for
    agriculture. Prashant Koli, India's renowned
    Agricultural Scientist said" It's the best in
    North Maharashtra region due to its
    iconoelasticity"
  • Man Vintners
  • Almost 80 of the farms are not irrigated and 52
    of the vineyards are not trellised (this
    contributes to the low yield of the vines). Lower
    yields result in smaller grapes, which means a
    greater concentration of flavor.
  • What is unique about the Agter-Paarl area?
  • The low rainfall and ancient shale and decomposed
    granite soils produce wines that are distinctive
    and unique. Even though the area is quite dry,
    the farmers have planted 80 of their vineyards
    without supplemental irrigation the shale soils
    have excellent water retention, slowly releasing
    enough water during the growing season to
    perfectly ripen the grapes. 52 of our vineyards
    are planted without trellising combined with the
    low rainfall and dry-land farming, our area is a
    fairly low-yielding region, resulting in
    concentrated, flavorful and distinctive wines.

8
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9
Tasting Notes
  • Man Vintners -
  • The Agter-Paarl area is the ideal region for
    growing Chenin Blanc and our farmers have the
    largest collection of old vine Chenin Blanc in
    the country. To do justice to the excellent bush
    vine (un-trellised) grapes, we only use free-run
    juice (vin de goutte) we don't press the grape
    skins and we leave the Chenin Blanc on its lees
    for three to four months before bottling for a
    richer, fuller mouthfeel. We call this our 'sweet
    and sour' wine - the acidity and sweetness are
    perfectly balanced.
  • 13.5 alcohol, RS 4.8 g/l
  • Sula
  • A semi-dry, refreshingly light wine bursting with
  • pineapple and stone fruit.
  • Food Pairing
  • Makes for a delightful aperitif and ideal with
    food
  • that has a hint of sugar and spice, such as
    Southeast
  • Asian or Gujarati dishes.
  • Residual Sugar
  • 15.6 g/L 12.5 alcohol

10
Sauvignon Blanc
  • Sula 2011 Sauvignon Blanc
  • Veritas 2011 Sauvignon Blanc

11
Tasting Notes
  • Veritas
  • 2011 Veritas Sauvignon Blanc is an intensely
    aromatic, mouth-wateringly crisp, bone dry white
    wine. The aromas and flavors are of newly-cut
    grass, gooseberries, passion fruit and all kinds
    of citrus. Enjoy Sauvignon Blanc for the
    "jeunesse,"- the youth of the wine - the younger
    the better. The balance carries throughout the
    bone-dry finish and would be a perfect complement
    to shellfish and seafood dishes.
  • Sula
  • Herbaceous, crisp, and dry, with hints of green
    pepper
  • and a touch of spice at the finish, this wine is
  • well balanced with good acidity.
  • Food Pairing
  • Goes well with spicy food, especially coastal
    dishes
  • as well as lightly flavoured Asian cuisine.
  • Residual Sugar
  • 1.2 g/L 13 alcohol

12
Virginia
  • Veritas Winery
  • the Blue Ridge Mountains, Valley of Virginia, and
    the Inner
  • Piedmont or foothills. Probably the area of
    highest potential due to its possession of many
    positive attributes of cooling, associated with
    elevation increase. High quality is maintained by
    lower summer 68 temperatures, lower night
    temperatures, and lower humidity.
  • At 960 feet above sea level, the highest
    elevation fruit in the state of Virginia higher
    vineyards keep grapes away from low-lying
    pollution, allow for sunnier days and cooler
    nights, and give the eonologist a more difficult
    but rewarding soil to cultivate.

13
Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Good Earth 2008 Basso - Nashik Valley, India
  • Milbrandt Winery 2009 Cab Sauv - Columbia Valley,
    Washington State

14
Good Earth 2008 Basso
  • Basso is made with hand-selected Cabernet
    Sauvignon grapes and nurtured in the finest oak
    barrels for a year.
  • Our grapes are grown in the light, conducive soil
    of the Nasik Valley. They are gently picked at
    optimum maturity and processed with great care
    and humility.
  • Medium-bodied, ruby red in color, Basso hints of
    black currants and pepper. A pleasant whiff of
    burnt toast gives way to touches of plum and
    blackberry.
  • Basso complements Tandoori dishes, roast lamb and
    grilled meats in general. We also like it with
    soft, cows milk cheeses. Serve at 16-18 degrees
    C and allow it to breathe in the glass for
    several minutes. Swirl, sniff and notice the
    changes with every sip.

15
Dr. Rajesh Rasal has been studying and making
wine for over a dozen years. Dr. Rasal has the
unique distinction of having been awarded the
first and, so far, the only -- Doctor of
Philosophy in oenology (the science of wine) by
an Indian university. He hones his winemaking
skills through frequent trips to the major wine
making regions of the world. Viticulture
practices, include the specification of organic
manure and fertilizer, low-yield grape production
and manually harvesting the grapes during the
cool morning hours and use of temperature
controlled transport to ensure the grapes
maintain optimal sugar content. Production Hand
select cold grapes before crushing under low
pressure. They use only pure imported yeasts
during fermentation to maintain aroma. Red wines
undergo secondary fermentation and reserve reds
are aged for one year in oak barrels.
16
Terroir
  • The grapes are grown and wine produced in the
    Nashik Valley, approximately 120 miles northeast
    of Mumbai. A cool microclimate and an alititude
    of almost 2,000 feet has enabled the growth of
    fruit and flowers for hundreds of years.
  • The soil is well-drained and red, requiring vine
    roots to develop strength as they travel deep.
  • The Nashik Valley is in the Northern Hemisphere,
    however, it is a monsoon climate. The vines
    produce grapes twice a year, in October, shortly
    after monsoon season, the grapes are discarded.
    Grapes for wine production are harvested in
    March.
  • Additionally, we are the only winemaking region
    in the world that harvests our grapes for
    crushing at the onset of warm weather. All other
    winemaking regions harvest at the onset of cool
    weather. We believe that this lends another
    unique element to the terroir of the Nashik
    Valley.

17
Milbrandt vineyards washington state
In 1997 Butch and Jerry Milbrandt planted
their first grapevines in Eastern Washingtons
Columbia Valley AVA. Its remote, windswept, high
desert dotted with sagebrush and tumbleweeds. The
land ranges from deep river gorges to vast
mountain ranges and hills formed by Ice Age
floods and ancient volcanoes. The Milbrandt
family had been farming in the area since the
mid-1950s. Today, the Milbrandt family farms 12
estate vineyards totaling nearly 2,000
acres. Milbrandt Vineyards are concentrated in
the Wahluke Slope (AVA established in 2006) and
the Ancient Lakes area (currently under
application for AVA). Both growing areas share
the same low rainfall and long sunny days during
the growing season. The Cab Sauv is grown on the
Wahluke Slope which is proving especially ideal
for red wines.
18
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19
Prices
  • Man Vintners Chenin Blanc 8
  • Sula Chenin Blanc 10
  • Veritas Sauvignon Blanc 15
  • Sula Sauvignon Blanc 12
  • Good Earth Basso Cab Sauv 16.50
  • Milbrandt Cab Sauv 14
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