Archetypes! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Archetypes! PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 82e4f5-MjY4M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Archetypes!

Description:

Title: Archetypes! Author: Matt Clark Last modified by: MPS Created Date: 9/3/2007 7:26:27 PM Document presentation format: Letter Paper (8.5x11 in) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:34
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 31
Provided by: MattC195
Learn more at: http://www.mooreschools.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Archetypes!


1
Archetypes!
  • What you never knew that you already know!

2
Archetype
  • An archetype is from the Greek word arkhetupos
    meaning exemplary. It is an image,
    story-pattern, or character type that recurs
    frequently and evokes strong, often unconscious,
    associations in the reader.

3
For example
  • the wicked witch
  • the enchanted prince
  • the sleeping beauty
  • the Cinderella

4
CHARACTERISTICS OF ARCHETYPES
  • They are not individual, but the part we share
    with all humanity.
  • They are the inherited part of being human which
    connects us to our past.
  • They are universal. From the Roman gladiator to
    the astronaut, they remain the same.

5
CHARACTERISTICS OF ARCHETYPES
  • Their appearance in diverse cultures cannot be
    explained, as many cultures are so separated by
    geography and time.
  • Archetypes are recurrent, appearing in slightly
    altered forms to take present day situations and
    relate them to the past to find meaning in a
    contemporary world.

6
THREE BASIC TYPES OF ARCHETYPES
  • SITUATION ARCHETYPES
  • SYMBOLIC ARCHETYPES
  • CHARACTER ARCHETYPES

7
SITUATION ARCHETYPES
  • THE QUEST This motif describes the search for
    someone or some talisman which, when found and
    brought back, will restore fertility to a wasted
    land. (Holy Grail, The Lion King, Excalibur,
    Idylls of the King.)
  • THE TASK To save the kingdom, to win the fair
    lady, to identify himself so that he may reassume
    his rightful position, the hero must perform some
    nearly superhuman deed. (Beowulf slays Grendel,
    Frodo must arrive at Rivendale.)

8
SITUATION ARCHETYPES
  • THE INITIATION This archetype usually takes the
    form of an initiation into adult life. The
    adolescent comes into his/her maturity with new
    awareness and problems along with new hope for
    the community. This awakening is often the
    climax of the story. (Growing Up Huckleberry
    Finn, King Arthur, the hobbits.)
  •  
  • THE JOURNEY The journey sends the hero in
    search for some truth or information necessary to
    restore fertility to the kingdom. Usually the
    hero descends into a real of psychological hell
    and is forced to discover the blackest truths,
    quite often concerning his faults. Once the hero
    is as this lowest point, he must accept personal
    responsibility to return to the world of the
    living. (The Odyssey, The Canterbury Tales, The
    Fellowship of the Rings.

9
SITUATION ARCHETYPES - continued
  • THE FALL This archetype describes a descent
    from a higher to a lower state of being. The
    fall is often accompanied by expulsion from a
    kind of paradise as penalty for disobedience and
    moral transgression. (Adam and Eve, Lancelot and
    Guinevere)
  • DEATH AND REBIRTH The most common of all
    situation archetypes, this motif grows out of the
    parallel between the cycle of nature and the
    cycle of life. Thus, morning and springtime
    represent birth, youth, or rebirth evening and
    winter suggest old age or death.

10
SITUATION ARCHETYPES - continued
  • NATURE vs. MECHANISTIC WORLD Nature is good
    while technology and society are often evil.
    (Walden, The Terminator)
  • BATTLE BETWEEN GOOD AND EVIL Obviously, the
    battle between two primal forces. (The forces
    of Sauron and those of Middle Earth in The Lord
    of the Rings, Satan and God in Paradise Lost,
    any western, most cartoons.)

11
SITUATION ARCHETYPES - continued
  • THE UNHEALABLE WOUND This wound is either
    physical or psychological and cannot be healed
    fully. This wound also indicates a loss of
    innocence. These wounds always ache and often
    drive the sufferer to desperate measures.
    (Frodos shoulder, Lancelots madness, Ahabs
    wooden leg)
  • THE RITUAL The actual ceremonies that initiate
    experiences that will mark his rite of passage
    into another state. The importance of ritual
    rites cannot be over stressed as they provide
    clear sign posts for the characters role in
    society as well as our own position in this
    world. (weddings, graduation, baptisms,
    coronations)

12
SITUATION ARCHETYPES - continued
  • THE MAGIC WEAPON The magic weapon symbolizes
    the extraordinary quality of the hero because no
    one else can wield the weapon or use it to its
    full potential. It is usually given by a mentor
    figure (Excalibur, Star Wars light sabers, Thors
    hammer)

13
SYMBOLIC ARCHETYPES
  • LIGHT VS. DARKNESS Light usually suggests hope,
    renewal, or intellectual illumination darkness
    implies the unknown, ignorance, or despair
  • WATER vs. DESERT Because water is necessary to
    life and growth, it commonly appears as a birth
    or rebirth symbol. Water is used in baptismal
    services, which solemnizes spiritual births.
    Similarly, the appearance of rain in a work of
    literature can suggest a characters spiritual
    birth.

14
SYMBOLIC ARCHETYPES
  • HEAVEN vs. HELL Man has traditionally
    associated parts of the universe not accessible
    to him with the dwelling places of the primordial
    forces that govern his world. The skies and
    mountaintops house his gods the bowels of the
    earth contain the diabolic forces that inhabit
    the universe.
  • INNATE WISDOM vs. EDUCATED STUPIDITY Some
    characters exhibit wisdom and understanding of
    situations instinctively as opposed to those
    supposedly in charge. Loyal retainers often
    exhibit this wisdom as they accompany them on the
    journey. (e.g. Sam from The Lord of the Rings,
    Alfred the Butler to Batman)

15
SYMBOLIC ARCHETYPES - continued
  • HAVEN vs. WILDERNESS Places of safety contrast
    sharply against the dangerous wilderness. Heroes
    are often sheltered for a time to regain health
    and resources. (the Batcave, Camelot, Rivendale)
  • SUPERNATURAL INTERVENTION The gods intervene on
    the side of the hero or sometimes against him.
    (The Lord of the Rings, The Bible)
  • FIRE vs. ICE Fire represents knowledge, light,
    life, and rebirth while ice (like desert)
    represents ignorance, darkness, sterility, death
    (the phoenix). Frankensteins monster begins his
    life with fire (lightning) and disappears in the
    ice.

16
CHARACTER ARCHETYPES
  • THE HERO The protagonist. The hero must
    successfully pass through several stages in his
    quest to accomplish something for the greater
    good. Many times a prophecy of some type has
    foretold of the future heros birth and
    adventures. Importantly, heroes must travel
    through several stages on their journeys to serve
    the greater good of society. He/She is destined
    to be our hero. (Oedipus, Moses, Arthur, Robin
    Hood, Beowulf, Harry Potter, Superman, Frodo)
  • MENTORS These individuals serve as teachers or
    counselors to the initiates. Sometimes they work
    as role models and often serve as father or
    mother figure. (Merlin, Gandalf to Frodo, Obi
    Wan to Luke) Mentor-Pupil relationship mentor
    teaches by examples the skills necessary to
    survive the quest.

17
CHARACTER ARCHETYPES
  • INITIATES These are the young heroes who, prior
    to their quest, must endure some training and
    ceremony. They are usually innocent and often
    wear white (Arthur, Daniel in The Karate Kid,
    Princess Leia, Luke Skywalker).
  • YOUNG MAN FROM THE PROVINCES This hero is
    spirited away as a young man and raised by
    strangers. He later returns to his home and
    heritage where he is a stranger who can see new
    problems and new solutions (Tarzan, Dorothy from
    The Wizard of Oz, Mr. Spock).

18
CHARACTER ARCHETYPES - continued
  • LOYAL RETAINERS These individuals are somewhat
    like servants who are heroic themselves. Their
    duty is to protect the hero and reflect the
    nobility of the hero (Sam in The Lord of the
    Rings, Watson to Sherlock Holmes).
  • HUNTING GROUP OF COMPANIONS These loyal
    companions are willing to face any number of
    perils in order to be together (Robin Hood and
    his Merry Men, the Knights of the Round Table).
  • FRIENDLY BEAST This shows that nature is on the
    side of the hero (Toto, Lassie).

19
CHARACTER ARCHETYPES - continued
  • EVIL FIGURE WITH THE ULTIMATELY GOOD HEART A
    redeemable devil figure that is saved by the
    nobility or love of the hero (Scrooge, Beast, any
    romance novel hero).
  • DEVIL FIGURE Evil incarnate, this character
    offers worldly goods, fame, or knowledge to the
    protagonist in exchange for possession of the
    soul (Satan).
  • EARTH MOTHER Symbolic of abundance and
    fertility, this character traditionally offers
    spiritual and emotional nourishment to those with
    whom she comes in contact. She is often depicted
    in earth colors with a large chest and hips
    symbolic of her childbearing capabilities (Mother
    Nature, Mammy in Gone with the Wind).

20
CHARACTER ARCHETYPES - continued
  • TEMPTRESS Characterized by sensuous beauty,
    this woman is one to whom the hero is physically
    attracted and who ultimately brings about his
    downfall (Guinevere Helen of Troy).
  • THE OUTCAST This is a figure who is banished
    from a social group for some crime (real or
    imagined) against his fellow man. The outcast is
    usually destined to become a wanderer from place
    to place (Quasimodo, Cain).
  • DAMSEL IN DISTRESS This is the vulnerable woman
    who must be rescued by the hero. She often is
    used as a trap to ensnare the unsuspecting hero
    (Guinevere, Snow White, Sleeping Beauty).

21
CHARACTER ARCHETYPES - continued
  • STAR-CROSSED LOVERS These two characters are
    engaged in a love affair that is fated to end
    tragically for one or both due to the disapproval
    of the society, friends, family or some tragic
    situation (Romeo and Juliet).
  • THE CREATURE OF NIGHTMARE This is a monster
    usually summoned from the deepest, darkest part
    of the human psyche to threaten the lives of the
    hero/heroine. Often it is a perversion or
    desecration of the human body (werewolves,
    vampires, huge snakes, Frankenstein).

22
SYMBOLISM
  • The Natural Cycle day to night, spring to
    winter, youth to elderly  
  • light goodness
  • darkness evil
  • girl innocence
  • crone evil knowledge, impending death
  • images of spring rebirth comedy
  • images of summer life romance
  • images of autumn dying tragedy
  • images of winter death satire and irony
  •  
  • A symbol may represent good or evil, depending
    on its context. A tree is usually a symbol of
    lifebut not if the author uses it as the setting
    for a lynching, or if it is turned into a
    crucifix.

23
COMMON SYMBOLIC MEANINGS
  • Black protection, death, evil, mystery, chaos,
    the unknown
  • White purity, innocence, holiness, light,
    timelessness
  • Red passion, emotion, charisma, creativity,
    blood, life, courage
  • Pink innocence, childhood, feminine things
  • Yellow cowardice, health, sun, enlightenment,
    wisdom
  • Green growth, fertility, renewal spring, things
    that grow, hope
  • Blue loyalty, peace, calmness, and
    spirituality, sadness
  • Purple royalty, sacred things
  • Brown mother earth, friendship, strength

24
COMMON SYMBOLIC MEANINGS
  • Crescent Moons four seasons
  • Eagle strength, courage, clarity of vision
  • Circle (sphere) wholeness, unity
  • Raindrops water, great abundance, fertility
  • Stars good fortune, hope, love, fertility,
    harmony

25
COMMON SYMBOLIC MEANINGS - continued
  • Garden nature ordered to serve human needs a
    paradise
  • Wilderness nature hostile to human needs
  • River life, seen as ending in death as the
    river ends in the sea
  • Sea chaos, death, source of life
  • Flower youth sexuality red flowers symbolize
    death of young men
  • Country Animals ordered human society
  • Wild Animals evil threats to society

26
COMMON SYMBOLIC MEANINGS - continued
  • Fire light, life, or hell and lust
  • Sky heaven, fate, or necessity
  • Bridge link between two worlds between life
    and death
  • Rain and Mist uncertainty
  • Butterfly the soul, the resurrection of Christ
  • Open Book Bible, prayer, ones faith
  • Ivy friendship, faithfulness, restriction,
    restraint
  • Tree immortality, growth, strength of the family

27
COMMON SYMBOLIC MEANINGS - continued
  • One The beginning and ending of all things
  • the source, the mystic center, wholeness, unity,
    individuality
  • Two Duality and balance
  • the number of opposites married into a whole

28
COMMON SYMBOLIC MEANINGS - continued
  • Three Creative power and forward movement
  • represents a beginning, middle, and end
  • the past, present, and future in all things
  • the three-fold nature of man mother, father,
    and child
  • the number of the completion of a phase of
    growth
  • light, spiritual awareness, unity (the Holy
    Trinity)
  • Four The number of building/ordering the psyche
    and the world
  • the balance of things in nature
  • associated with the circle, life cycle, four
    seasons

29
COMMON SYMBOLIC MEANINGS - continued
  • Seven A universal sacred number victory
  • the number of the mystical side of man
  • associated with magic, psychic, and healing
    powers
  • the seven days of the week, the seven stages of
    man
  • the seven colors of the rainbow
  • the seven levels of chakra energy
  • the most potent of all symbolic numbers
    signifying the union of three and four
  • the completion of a cycle, perfect order, perfect
    number religious symbol.
  •  

30
COMMON SYMBOLIC MEANINGS - continued
  • Twelve One symbol of the cycles of the passage
    of time
  • cosmic order and perfection of things
  • the twelve signs of the Zodiac
  • the twelve year cycle of the Chinese Zodiac
  • the twelve disciples of Jesus
About PowerShow.com