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Poetry Unit

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Poetry Unit Structure of Poems Stanza---the division of lines in a poem Quatrain---set of 4 lines per stanza Couplet---pair of rhyming lines Rhyme Scheme---pattern of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Poetry Unit


1
Poetry Unit
2
Structure of Poems
  • Stanza---the division of lines in a poem
  • Quatrain---set of 4 lines per stanza
  • Couplet---pair of rhyming lines
  • Rhyme Scheme---pattern of rhyming words in a poem

3
Senses
  • Reading poetry, one is meant to feel the words,
    experience the words, not just READ the words
  • Poetry uses sensory language and poems often
    appeal to a persons senses
  • 5 senses
  • sight, smell, sound, taste, and touch

4
I Wandered Lonely as a CloudWilliam Wordsworth
(pg 897)
  • What is the rhyme scheme?
  • How many lines are in each stanza?
  • What senses does the author appeal to?

5
Personification
  • Giving human qualities to non-human objects.
  • Tell some examples of personification from I
    Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.

6
Imagery
  • Descriptive language used to help the reader
    create pictures in the readers mind

7
O Captain! My Captain
  • Elegy
  • Metaphor

8
Simile and Metaphor
  • Simile compares 2 things using the words like
    or as
  • Metaphor compares 2 things without using like
    or as

9
Langston Hughes and the Harlem Renaissance
  • Renaissance means rebirth
  • Hughes referred to as the Poet Laureate of the
    Negro Race
  • Harlem became large cultural area for African
    Americans in early 1900s
  • By 1950s, when Hughes wrote Dream Deferred, it
    had become poverty stricken

10
Dream Deferred Langston Hughes
  • Dream Deferred uses ____________
  • What is Hughess opinion about dreams? Cite the
    lines that support your answer? (ln ___)

11
I, Too
  • Read Poem (online)
  • http//www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/177020
  • Watch video clip---Discovery Education
  • How does this poem CONTRAST with Dream
    Deferred?
  • Do you think Pres. Obama ever had feelings like
    the ones expressed in I, too, sing America?

12
Alliteration
  • Repetition of initial consonant sounds
  • Gives emphasis to words, imitates sounds, or
    creates musical effects.

13
Nothing Gold Can Stay
14
Types of Poems
  • Lyric
  • Narrative
  • Dramatic
  • Haiku
  • Sonnet

15
Lyric
  • Short poem that expresses the authors thoughts
    and feelings about a single subject
  • Usually kind of musical or rhythmical

16
Repetition
  • Repeated words or phrases throughout a poem
  • In Class Assignment Hotel California ws

17
Narrative
  • Poem that tells a story
  • It has plot, characters, setting and a theme
  • Has a rhythm or a beat
  • Does not have to rhyme
  • Centerfield-John Fogerty
  • Read Casey at the Bat pg. 40
  • Complete Casey at the Bat worksheet

18
Sonnet
  • 14 line lyric poem (about a single subject)
  • Contains 3 quatrains (4-line stanzas) and a
    couplet (two lines) at the end.
  • Rhyme scheme is usually
  • abab cdcd efef gg
  • Sonnet 116 Marriage of True Minds
  • Shakespeare wrote many of these

19
Dramatic
  • Similar to a narrative but the speaker is not the
    poet.
  • Often has dramatic monologue
  • Speech given by one character that reveals
    thoughts and feelings
  • Can use dialogue---conversation between 2 or more
    characters
  • Read The Seven Ages of Man (p. 945)

20
  • In your notebooks, answer How does this cartoon
    compare with Shakespeares Seven Ages of Man?
  • How are they similar? How are they different?

21
Haiku
  • 3 line Japanese verse form that is about a single
    emotion using images of nature
  • 1st and 3rd lines of poem have 5 syllables
  • 2nd line has 7 syllables
  • See p. 956 for examples

22
Example of Haiku
  • 1 2 3 4 5
  • Dragonfly catcher,
  • 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • How far have you gone today
  • 1 2 3 4 5
  • In your wandering?

23
Review for Final
  • Know all of the poetry definitions and the types
    of poems.
  • Be able to apply these to poems.
  • As this is the last unit we finished, there will
    be many questions about this on your final exam.

24
Review the following poems
  • I Wandered Lonely as a CloudDreams Dream
    Deferred
  • The EagleJabberwockyCasey at the BatHaikus
    Ecclesiastes31-8
  • The Seven Ages of Man
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