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The 13 Colonies and Colonial Life

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The 13 Colonies and Colonial Life The New England Colonies Massachusetts (Maine) New Hampshire Rhode Island Connecticut Massachusetts *Can you find Boston and the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The 13 Colonies and Colonial Life


1
The 13 Colonies and Colonial Life
2
The New England Colonies
Can you find Boston and the Erie Canal on your
map?
Massachusetts (Maine)
New Hampshire
Massachusetts
Connecticut
Rhode Island
3
New England Colonies Video
4
Climate
  • Summers were warm, but short
  • Winters were long and frigidly cold
  • Very short growing season
  • Soil and weather made farming very difficult

5
Land Features
  • hilly terrain with mountains and valleys
  • thin and rocky soil
  • jagged coastlines

6
Resources
  • Forests with an abundance
  • of wood
  • Used wood to create ships and
  • buildings
  • Access to fish and whales-used for food and other
    products
  • Shipped fish and lumber to Africa and Europe
  • Received spices and tea for imports
  • Formed a triangular trade

7
Middle Colonies
  • The Middle colonies included
  • New York (NY) , New Jersey (NJ) , Delaware (DE),
  • and Pennsylvania (PA).

NY
PA
NJ
DE
Can you find New York City and Philadelphia on
your map?
8
Middle Colonies Video
9
Climate
  • More balanced summers and winters
  • Longer growing season
  • Soil was very fertile
  • Sunny days and plenty of rainy days to feed crops

10
Land Features
  • Rolling hills and valleys
  • Wide rivers like the Delaware and the Hudson were
    perfect to transport crops and receive farm
    supplies

11
Resources
  • Forests rich with wildlife
  • Many hunted and trapped deer and beaver
  • Perfectly fertile soil for growing

12
Southern Colonies
MD
VA
NC
  • The Southern Colonies included Maryland (MD),
    Virginia (VA), North Carolina (NC), South
    Carolina (SC), and Georgia (GA).

SC
GA
13
Southern Colonies Video
14
Climate
  • Rich land, plenty of rain, and a long growing
    season
  • Warm weather for much of the year

15
Land Features
  • Coastal plains,
  • swamps, forests, and
  • harbors
  • Many rivers, bays, and wetlands
  • Tidewater- the water levels rise and fall
    everyday
  • with the ocean tide

16
Resources
  • Forests in the backcountry
  • Due to rich and fertile soil, many cash crops are
    grown

17
Colonial Life
18
Large Landowners
  • A plantation is a large farm on which crops are
    raised by workers who live on the farm
  • Landowners gained wealth by selling cash crops
  • Needed help from indentured servants and slaves
    to keep the farm running

19
Colonial Farms Video
20
Farmers
  • Struggled in New England Colonies-more prosperous
    in Middle and Southern colonies
  • Raised livestock such as cattle and pigs
  • Grew vegetables, fruit, and grains

21
Artisans
  • Were skilled at making something by hand such as
    silver spoons or wooden chairs
  • Either owned their own store or worked from home
  • Examples of artisans include blacksmiths,
    carpenters, and jewelers

22
Women
  • Roles depended on where they lived
  • Had tough lives full of spinning, sewing, food
    preservation, cooking, cleaning, and caring for
    their families

23
Indentured Servants
  • Wanted a better life in America, but did not have
    the money to pay for their passage
  • Got their passage paid for along with room and
    board in exchange for promising labor for 4-7
    years
  • Had few rights without the permission
  • Most worked on large plantations working long,
    hard days

24
Slaves and Indentured Servants
25
Slaves
  • Got here through the triangular trade
  • Worked on Southern plantations as field laborers
    or servants
  • Slowly replaced indentured slave labor
  • Bought and sold like pieces of property-oftentimes
    families are split apart

26
Struggles of Slaves
  • Were given poor shelter, food, and clothing-many
    died early
  • Often punished by overseers
  • Created a community of support
  • Lived under harsh punishment and laws
  • Some ran away or resisted in other ways

27
Native Americans
  • At first, colonists and Native Americans had a
    good relationship
  • Native Americans taught colonists how to grow
    crops and survive the winter
  • They traded with one another
  • Once colonies were established, Indians were
    pushed West
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