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AP Human Geography

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Title: AP Human Geography


1
AP Human Geography
  • Friday, May 13

2
Exam Basics
  • Multiple Choice 75 Questions, 60 minutes
  • FRQs 3 Questions, 75 minutes
  • Each section counts for HALF of your total grade
  • No penalty for guessing!
  • See topic outline

3
Review Sessions
  • Every Tuesday and Thursday 245-315
  • Next week
  • Tuesday 4/19 Migration
  • Thursday 4/21 Culture
  • Practice Test Saturday, April 30 _at_ SLHS

4
  • 1. As an academic discipline, geography is
    principally concerned with the
  • nature and meaning of place names
  • impact of the environment on human understandings
    and activities
  • evolving character and spatial organization of
    Earths surface
  • absolute location of places, peoples, and
    processes on Earths surface
  • construction of maps that depict places, peoples,
    and processes as accurately as possible
  • 2. Thomas Malthus based his work on population on
    which of the following premises?
  • Both food production and population increase
    arithmetically.
  • Food production increases arithmetically and
    population increases exponentially.
  • Both food production and population increase
    exponentially.
  • Food production increases exponentially and
    population increases arithmetically.
  • Food production increases arithmetically and
    population remains stable.

5
  • 3. Of the following, which region contains the
    smallest percentage of the worlds population?
  • The Southern Hemisphere
  • The Northern Hemisphere
  • The Eastern Hemisphere
  • Coastal areas of the world within 160 kilometers
    (100 miles) of ocean
  • Areas of the world lying lower than 150 meters
    (500 feet) above sea level
  • 4. In 2005 the United States and Canada had a
    higher crude death rate than Mexico because they
  • are larger countries
  • received more immigrants
  • had more elderly people
  • had a higher standard of living
  • spent more on health care

6
Migration (and other topics)
  • The 19th century emigration of a large number of
    Swedes from a particular region of Sweden to
    Isanti County, MN, as a result of communications
    from friends and relatives who preceded them
    there is an example of
  • Brain drain
  • Chain migration
  • Net migration
  • Internal migration
  • Counterurbanization

7
  • In recent decades, all of the following have
    played a major role in the rapid growth of Sun
    Belt cities of the US except
  • Immigration from Latin America
  • High levels of per capita federal spending in the
    South and West
  • Cheap land and labor
  • Climatic changes leading to colder northern
    winters
  • The increasing demand for retirement and resort
    centers

8
  • An important physical site characteristic is a
  • Major airport
  • Grid street pattern
  • Major central park
  • Natural harbor
  • Public sports facility

9
  • A student who lives in Minneapolis chooses to
    spend her spring break in Florida rather than in
    Jamaica because FL is closer and the airfare is
    cheaper. This illustrates the concept of
  • Human capital
  • Time space compression
  • Intervening opportunities
  • Rank size rule
  • Central place theory

10
  • Cultural landscape is closest in meaning to which
    of the following?
  • Cultural ecology
  • Nonmaterial culture
  • Environmental determinism
  • Physical environment
  • Built environment

11
  • In the 19th and early 20th century, the
    demographic transition in Europe was best
    characterized by
  • Shift in the composition of national populations
    toward greater ethnic balance
  • Net population decline resulting from an excess
    of deaths over births
  • Migration between European countries
  • Large-scale population movements following
    periods of war or widespread civil unrest
  • Urbanization and falling birth rates

12
Culture Questions
  • 6. Place names that refer to saints are most
    common in which of the following North American
    regions?
  • (a) Louisiana and New England
  • (b) California and British Columbia
  • (c) Ontario and Utah
  • (d) Nova Scotia and the United States Midwest
  • (e) Quebec and the United States Southwest

13
  • 7. Which of the following is true of the
    architectural shape shown above?
  • (a) It represents the dominant religion of all of
    Indonesia except for the island of Bali.
  • (b) It signifies a major religion that originated
    in India but is now found in Thailand and other
    parts of Asia.
  • (c) It symbolizes houses of worship for
    monotheistic religions that hold Jerusalem
    sacred.
  • (d) It represents religions especially common in
    sub-Saharan Africa.
  • (e) It symbolizes denominations of a Western
    religion that divided first in Europe.

14
  • 8.Which of the following refers to the study of
    the relationship between the physical environment
    and culture?
  • (a) Central place theory
  • (b) Ecosystem analysis
  • (c) Culture history
  • (d) Cultural ecology
  • (e) Polytheism

15
  • 9. A pilgrim to Varanasi in India is most likely
    to be a
  • (a) Christian
  • (b) Jew
  • (c) Hindu
  • (d) Buddhist
  • (e) Muslim

16
  • 11. A fundamental difference between folk culture
    and popular culture is that folk culture
  • (a) Often sets a minority group apart from a
    regions general population
  • (b) Is adaptive to change over time
  • (c) Tends to diffuse rapidly across geographic
    space
  • (d) Loses some of its distinctive characteristics
    as it crosses national boundaries
  • (e) Represents universal values

17
  • 12. The saltbox-type house pictured here
    originated in which of the following culture
    areas?
  • (a) The Great Lakes region
  • (b) New England and the Canadian Maritimes
  • (c) The Canadian Prairie
  • (d) The US Southwest
  • (e) The US Southeast

18
  • 13. A formal culture region differs from other
    regions in that it
  • (a) Has a focal point or node
  • (b) Is one that people believe exists
  • (c) Has a selected feature or internal uniformity
  • (d) Does not contain gradations such as core,
    domain, and sphere
  • (e) Applies only to linguistic and religion
    regions

19
  • 14. Which of the following correctly sequences
    the continuum from language family to dialect?
  • (a) Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Arabic, Berber
  • (b) Sino-Tibetan, Sinitic, Mandarin, Chinese
  • (c) Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Hindi, Bengali
  • (d) Indo-European, Baltic-Slavic, Russian,
    Ukranian
  • (e) Indo-European, Germanic, English,
    Midland-Northern

20
  • 15. Contact zones between religions are most
    likely to be volatile when they are
  • (a) Inhabited by two major groups with divergent
    religious beliefs
  • (b) Made up of three or more religious groups
  • (c) Characterized by considerable interaction
    between religious groups
  • (d) Also language contact zones
  • (e) Associated with competing ethnonational
    claims to territory

21
  • 16. Swahili in East Africa and English in global
    commerce are examples of
  • (a) Pidgin languages
  • (b) Lingua franca
  • (c) Standard language
  • (d) Creole language
  • (e) Official language

22
Political Geography Questions
  • 17. Political Geographers consider which of the
    following as the core area of the US?
  • (a) Los Angeles-San Francisco
  • (b) New York-Washington DC
  • (c) Chicago-Detroit
  • (d) Atlanta-Birmingham, AL
  • (e) Buffalo-Cleveland

23
  • 18. The country that the US helped to create in
    the early 20th century in order to facilitate
    oceanic commerce is
  • (a) Nicaragua
  • (b) Costa Rica
  • (c) Colombia
  • (d) Venezuela
  • (e) Panama

24
  • 19. Which of the following is unique among Latin
    American countries in that its capital represents
    the concept of a forward capital?
  • (a) Argentina
  • (b) Brazil
  • (c) Chile
  • (d) Mexico
  • (e) Peru

25
  • 20. Which of the following best represents the
    concept of the nation-state in its internal
    cultural-political makeup and spatial
    organization?
  • (a) Iran
  • (b) South Africa
  • (c) Japan
  • (d) New Zealand
  • (e) Argentina

26
  • 20. Which of the following does not act as a
    centrifugal force for a state?
  • (a) Uneven development
  • (b) Substate nationalism
  • (c) Linguistic homogeneity
  • (d) A fragmented territorial base
  • (e) A strong tradition of local governance

27
  • 20. Gerrymandering adjusts voting districts in
    order to
  • (a) Ensure all districts are of similar shape and
    size
  • (b) Benefit the interests of one political group
  • (c) Create districts that coincide with municipal
    service areas
  • (d) Allow those living in one state to vote on
    issues in another state
  • (e) Equalize the tax burden among ethnic groups

28
FRQ
  • Since 1950 many states have faced challenges in
    developing a strong national identity.
  • Using contemporary examples, explain how each of
    the following has contributed to the development
    of national identity and the strengthening of a
    state.
  • Economic development
  • Relocation of a states capital (since 1950)
  • Using contemporary examples, explain how each of
    the following may detract from the development of
    national identity and weaken a state.
  • Ethnicity
  • Transportation infrastructure
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