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Industrial Revolution: Reforms

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Industrial Revolution: Reforms Labor Unions By the 1800 s, working people became more active in politics Workers joined voluntary labor associations called unions ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Industrial Revolution: Reforms


1
Industrial Revolution Reforms
2
Labor Unions
  • By the 1800s, working people became more active
    in politics
  • Workers joined voluntary labor associations
    called unions to press for reforms

3
Labor Unions
  • Unions
  • Negotiated between workers and their employers
  • Bargained for better working conditions and
    higher pay
  • If demands were refused, union members could
    strike

4
Labor Unions
  • Skilled workers led the way to forming unions
  • Why might this be?
  • Special skills gave them extra bargaining power
    as they were harder to replace.
  • Combination Acts of 1799 and 1800 (Great
    Britain) outlawed unions and strikes
  • Factory workers ignored threats of jail or job
    loss and joined unions anyways

5
Labor Unions
  • 1824-Parliament repealed the Combination Acts
  • By 1825 unions were tolerated
  • By 1875, Right to strike and picket peacefully
  • Membership of about one million people.

6
Think, Pair, Share
  • What problems do we see with Child Labor?
  • What new laws would you propose to parliament?
  • What will the implications be?

7
Reforms
  • 1830s Parliament starts to investigate child
    labor issues in mines
  • The Factory Act of 1833
  • Illegal to hire children under the age of 9
  • Children 9-12 could not work more than 8 hours a
    day
  • Those 13-17 could not work more than 12 hours a
    day

8
Reforms
  • The Mines Act of 1842
  • Prevented women and children from working
    underground
  • Ten Hours Act of 1847
  • limited women and children to working 10 hours a
    day in factories

9
Other Reform Movements
  • Abolition of Slavery Slavery existed in British
    colonies (but not Britain itself) abolished in
    the empire in 1833
  • Some were morally opposed to slavery, others
    opposed it because they saw it as a threat to
    industry
  • Cheap labor over slave labor

10
Other Reform Movements
  • Womens rights often paid 1/3 of what men were
    paid
  • Inspired by abolitionists work against slavery,
    women realized they could gain rights as well by
    protesting and striking
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