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William Shakespeare 1564-1616


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Title: William Shakespeare 1564-1616

For entire presentation To view original author
of all listed items, view properties.
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare 1564-1616
All the world 's a stage, / And all the men and
women merely players. All the world's a
stage,And all the men and women merely
playersThey have their exits and their
entrancesAnd one man in his time plays many
parts,His acts being seven ages. At first the
infant,Mewling and puking in the nurse's
arms.And then the whining school-boy, with his
satchel And shining morning face, creeping like
snail Unwillingly to school. And then the lover,
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad Made
to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier, Full of
strange oaths and bearded like the pard, Jealous
in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel, Seeking
the bubble reputation . . . .
  • And then the justice,In fair round belly with
    good capon lined,With eyes severe and beard of
    formal cut,Full of wise saws and modern
    instancesAnd so he plays his part. The sixth
    age shiftsInto the lean and slipper'd
    pantaloon,With spectacles on nose and pouch on
    side,His youthful hose, well saved, a world too
    wideFor his shrunk shank and his big manly
    voice,Turning again toward childish treble,
    pipesAnd whistles in his sound. Last scene of
    all,That ends this strange eventful history,Is
    second childishness and mere oblivion,Sans
    teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.

Have you heard these phrases?
  • I couldnt sleep a wink.
  • He was dead as a doornail.
  • Shes a tower of strength.
  • They hoodwinked us.
  • Im green-eyed with jealousy.
  • Wed better lie low for awhile.
  • Keep a civil tongue in your head.

What do we know about Shakespeare?
  • Born in Stratford, 1564
  • The 3rd of 8 kids
  • Married at age 18
  • Anne Hathaway was 26
  • They had 3 children, Twins
  • Wrote 37 plays
  • About 154 sonnets

What is a Sonnet?
  • A lyric poem consisting of a single stanza of 14
    iambic pentameter lines linked with intricate
    rhyme scheme.
  • French or Italian sonetto (French, from
    Italian), from Old Provençal sonet, diminutive of
    son, song, from Latin sonus, a sound.

Two schools of Sonnets
  • First The Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet
  • Second The Shakespearean (or English) sonnet.
  • three quatrains,
  • 1 couplet
  • Alternating rhyme
  • independent rhyme abab cdcd efef gg.
  • Iambic pentameter

  • Second The Shakespearean (or English) sonnet. It
    consists of three quatrains, each with an
    independent rhyme scheme, and ends with a rhymed
    couplet abab cdcd efef gg.
  • The Spenserian sonnet is a variant that links the
    quatrain to the next abaB bcbC CdcD ee

  • XVIII. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
    aThou art more lovely and more temperate
    bRough winds do shake the darling buds of
    May, aAnd summer's lease hath all too short
    a date bSometime too hot the eye of
    heaven shines, cAnd often is his gold
    complexion dimm'd d And every
    fair from fair sometime declines,
    cBy chance or nature's changing course
    untrimm'd dBut thy eternal summer shall not
    fade e Nor lose possession of
    that fair thou owest fNor shall
    Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, eWhen
    in eternal lines to time thou growest
    f  So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
    g  So long lives this and this gives life to
    thee. g

When he retired he went back to Stratford-on-Avon
and bought the best house in town.
He moved to London and became an actor,
playwright, and theater owner.
He purchased a coat of arms to make his family
upper class.
Later it became The Kings Men.
His father was a middle class butcher, mayor,
He has a monument in Westminster Abbey though
hes buried in Stratford-on-Avon.
He died in 1616.
His acting company was called The Lord
Chamberlains Men.
William Shakespeare
Good friend for Jesus' sake forbear To dig the
dust enclosed here Blest be the man that spares
these stones And cursed be he that moves my
A recreation of the Washington shield from the
old manor house, Sulgrave, Northamptonshire,
England A.D. 1540.
The Flag of Washington D.C.(the District of
Welcome to the Renaissance
Michelangelo's Pietà, sculptured in 1499, St
Peter's Basilica Rome
Michelangelos David
The Last Supper
The Thinker
Vitruvian Man or . . .
Homertruvian . . .
Queen Elizabeth
Its time to don your doublet!
Tighten your trussing!
Get on your galligaskins!
Females, fit on your farthingales!
Smooth your stomachers!
Remember your ruffs!
Slip on your shoes!
And grab your gloves!
Hi, my name is Kyle!
Is everybody ready?
Were going to the theater!
(No Transcript)
The Globe!
A white flag is flying. Theres a play today!
The groundlings have paid their penny and are
standing to watch the play.
The young men are dressing up to take the female
Its afternoon, time for the play to start.
The wealthy are in the upper decks.
Its good the plague is over and the theaters are
open again.
The Globe Theater 1599
Burned in 1613
The New Globe Theater 1999
The Plays
  • Comedy
  • Tragedy
  • Historica

Which plays have you heard of?
  • The Taming of the Shrew
  • Much Ado About Nothing
  • As You Like It
  • Twelfth Night
  • Midsummer Nights Dream

  • Hamlet
  • Romeo and Juliet
  • Othello
  • King Lear
  • Macbeth

Romeo and Juliet
  • Written about 1595
  • Considered a tragedy
  • West Side Story (Movie) based on RJ

Elizabethan (QE1) Words
  • An,and If
  • Anon Soon
  • Aye Yes
  • But Except for
  • Een Even
  • Eer Ever

QE1 Words (contin.)
  • Haply Perhaps
  • Happy Fortunate
  • Hence Away, from her
  • Hie Hurry
  • Marry Indeed

Blank Verse
  • Much of R J is written in it
  • unrhymed verse
  • iambic (unstressed, stressed)
  • pentameter( 5 feet to a line)
  • ends up to be 10 syllable lines

  • Ordinary writing that is not poetry, drama, or
  • Only characters in the lower social classes speak
    this way in Shakespeares plays
  • Why do you suppose that is?

  • The sequence of events in a literary work

  • introducesgtgtgtgt
  • setting
  • characters
  • basic situation

Inciting Moment
  • Often called initial incident
  • Romeo and Juliet lock eyes at the party

  • The struggle that develops
  • man vs. man
  • man vs. himself
  • man vs. society
  • man vs. nature

  • Protagonists situation better or worse
  • protagonistgtgood guy
  • antagonistgtbad guy

  • The turning point
  • Thus begins the falling action

  • The end of the central conflict

  • The final explanation or outcome of the plot
  • after the resolution.

Tragedy (Shakespearean)
  • Drama where the central character/s suffer
    disaster/great misfortune

Tragedy (Shakespearean)
  • In many tragedies, downfall results fromgt
  • Fate
  • Character flaw/Fatal flaw HUBRIS
  • Combination of the two

  • Central idea or gtgt
  • Insight about life which explain the downfall

Figurative Language
  • Comparison of unlike things gt
  • Paris standing over the lifeless body of
    Juliet, Sweet flower, with flowers thy bridal
    bed I strew
  • Thou detestable mawGorged with the dearest
    morsel of the earth Romeo

Dramatic Foil
  • A character whose purpose is to show off another
  • Benvolio for Tybalt
  • look for others in R J

Round characters
  • Characters who have many personality traits,
    like real people.

Flat Characters
  • One-dimensional, embodying only a single trait
  • Shakespeare often uses them to provide comic
    relief even in a tragedy

Static Characters
  • Characters within a story who remain the same.
    They do not change their minds, opinions or

Dynamic Character
  • Characters that change somehow during the course
    of the plot.
  • What are some famous Dynamic characters in
    literature, film, etc.?

  • Long speech expressing the thoughts of a
    character alone on stage. In R J, Romeo gives
    a soliloquy after the servant has fled and Paris
    has died.

  • Words spoken, usually in an undertone not
    intended to be heard by all characters

  • Shakespeare loved to use them!!!
  • Humorous use of a word with two meanings gt
    sometimes missed by the reader because of
    Elizabethan language and sexual innuendo

Direct Address
  • A right fair mark, fair coz, is soonest hit.
  • Ah, my mistresses, which of you all/ Will now
    deny to dance?

Dramatic Irony
  • A contradiction between what a character thinks
    and what the reader/audience knows to be true

Verbal Irony
  • Words used to suggest the opposite of what is

Situational Irony
  • An event occurs that directly contradicts the
    expectations of the characters, the reader, or
    the audience

Comic Relief
  • Relief from seriousness or sadness.
  • In Hamlet, Julius Caesar, or Macbeth look for
    moments of comic relief that help relieve the
    tragedy of the situation

Phrases Coined By Shakespeare
  • All our yesterdays (Macbeth)
  • All that glitters is not gold (The Merchant of
  • All's well that ends well (title)
  • As good luck would have it (The Merry Wives of
  • As merry as the day is long (Much Ado About
    Nothing / King John)
  • Bated breath (The Merchant of Venice)
  • Bag and baggage (As You Like It / Winter's Tale)
  • Bear a charmed life (Macbeth)

  • Be-all and the end-all (Macbeth)
  • Beggar all description (Antony and Cleopatra)
  • Better foot before ("best foot forward") (King
  • The better part of valor is discretion (I Henry
    IV possibly already a known saying)
  • In a better world than this (As You Like It)
  • Neither a borrower nor a lender be (Hamlet)
  • Brave new world (The Tempest)

  • Break the ice (The Taming of the Shrew)
  • Breathed his last (3 Henry VI)
  • Brevity is the soul of wit (Hamlet)
  • Refuse to budge an inch (Measure for Measure /
    Taming of the Shrew)
  • Cold comfort (The Taming of the Shrew / King
  • Conscience does make cowards of us all (Hamlet)
  • Come what come may ("come what may") (Macbeth)

  • Comparisons are odorous (Much Ado about Nothing)
  • Crack of doom (Macbeth)
  • Dead as a doornail (2 Henry VI)
  • A dish fit for the gods (Julius Caesar)
  • Cry havoc and let slip the dogs of war (Julius
  • Dog will have his day (Hamlet)
  • Devil incarnate (Titus Andronicus / Henry V)
  • Eaten me out of house and home (2 Henry IV)

  • Elbow room (King John first attested 1540
    according to Merriam-Webster)
  • Farewell to all my greatness (Henry VIII)
  • Faint hearted (I Henry VI)
  • Fancy-free (Midsummer Night's Dream)
  • Fight till the last gasp (I Henry VI)
  • Flaming youth (Hamlet)
  • Fool's paradise (Romeo and Juliet)
  • Forever and a day (As You Like It)
  • For goodness' sake (Henry VIII)

  • Foregone conclusion (Othello)
  • Full circle (King Lear)
  • The game is afoot (I Henry IV)
  • The game is up (Cymbeline)
  • Give the devil his due (I Henry IV)
  • Good riddance (Troilus and Cressida)
  • Jealousy is the green-eyed monster (Othello)
  • It was Greek to me (Julius Caesar)
  • Heart of gold (Henry V)
  • Her infinite variety (Antony and Cleopatra)

  • 'Tis high time (The Comedy of Errors)
  • Hoist with his own petard (Hamlet)
  • Household words (Henry V)
  • A horse, a horse! My kingdom for a horse!
    (Richard III)
  • Ill wind which blows no man to good (2 Henry IV)
  • Improbable fiction (Twelfth Night)
  • In a pickle (The Tempest)
  • In my heart of hearts (Hamlet)
  • In my mind's eye (Hamlet)

  • Infinite space (Hamlet)
  • Infirm of purpose (Macbeth)
  • In a pickle (The Tempest)
  • In my book of memory (I Henry VI)
  • It is but so-so(As You Like It)
  • It smells to heaven (Hamlet)
  • Itching palm (Julius Caesar)
  • Kill with kindness (Taming of the Shrew)
  • Killing frost (Henry VIII)
  • Knit brow (The Rape of Lucrece)

  • Knock knock! Who's there? (Macbeth)
  • Laid on with a trowel (As You Like It)
  • Laughing stock (The Merry Wives of Windsor)
  • Laugh yourself into stitches (Twelfth Night)
  • Lean and hungry look (Julius Caesar)
  • Lie low (Much Ado about Nothing)
  • Live long day (Julius Caesar)
  • Love is blind (Merchant of Venice)

  • Men's evil manners live in brass their virtues
    we write in water (Henry VIII)
  • Melted into thin air (The Tempest)
  • Though this be madness, yet there is method in it
    ("There's a method to my madness") (Hamlet)
  • Make a virtue of necessity (The Two Gentlemen of
  • The Makings of(Henry VIII)
  • Milk of human kindness (Macbeth)
  • Ministering angel (Hamlet)
  • Misery acquaints a man with strange bedfellows
    (The Tempest)

  • More honored in the breach than in the observance
  • More in sorrow than in anger (Hamlet)
  • More sinned against than sinning (King Lear)
  • Much Ado About Nothing (title)
  • Murder most foul (Hamlet)
  • Murder will out (Hamlet)
  • Naked truth (Love's Labours Lost)
  • Neither rhyme nor reason (As You Like It)
  • Not slept one wink (Cymbeline)

  • Nothing in his life became him like the leaving
    it (Macbeth)
  • Obvious as a nose on a man's face (The Two
    Gentlemen of Verona)
  • Once more into the breach (Henry V)
  • One fell swoop (Macbeth)
  • One that loved not wisely but too well (Othello)
  • Time is out of joint (Hamlet)
  • Out of the jaws of death (Twelfth Night)
  • Own flesh and blood (Hamlet)

  • Star-crossed lovers (Romeo and Juliet)
  • Parting is such sweet sorrow (Romeo and Juliet)
  • What's past is prologue (The Tempest)
  • What a piece of work is man (Hamlet)
  • Pitched battle (Taming of the Shrew)
  • A plague on both your houses (Romeo and Juliet)
  • Play fast and loose (King John)
  • Pomp and circumstance (Othello)

  • A poor thing, but mine own (As You Like It)
  • Pound of flesh (The Merchant of Venice)
  • Primrose path (Hamlet)
  • Quality of mercy is not strained (The Merchant of
  • Salad days (Antony and Cleopatra)
  • Sea change (The Tempest)
  • Seen better days (As You Like It? Timon of
  • Send packing (I Henry IV)

  • How sharper than the serpent's tooth it is to
    have a thankless child (King Lear)
  • Shall I compare thee to a summer's day (Sonnets)
  • Make short shrift (Richard III)
  • Sick at heart (Hamlet)
  • Snail paced (Troilus and Cressida)
  • Something in the wind (The Comedy of Errors)
  • Something wicked this way comes (Macbeth)
  • A sorry sight (Macbeth)
  • Sound and fury (Macbeth)

  • Spotless reputation (Richard II)
  • Stony hearted (I Henry IV)
  • Such stuff as dreams are made on (The Tempest)
  • Smooth runs the water where the brook is deep
    ("Still waters run deep") (2 Henry VI)
  • The short and the long of it (The Merry Wives of
  • Sweet are the uses of adversity (As You Like It)
  • Sweets to the sweet (Hamlet)
  • Swift as a shadow (A Midsummer Night's Dream
  • Tedious as a twice-told tale (King John)
  • Set my teeth on edge (I Henry IV)

  • Tell truth and shame the devil (1 Henry IV)
  • Thereby hangs a tale (Othello in context, this
    seems to have been already in use)
  • There's no such thing (?) (Macbeth)
  • There's the rub (Hamlet)
  • This mortal coil (Hamlet)
  • To gild refined gold, to pain the lily ("to gild
    the lily") (King John)
  • To thine own self be true (Hamlet)
  • Too much of a good thing (As You Like It)
  • Tower of strength (Richard III)
  • Towering passion (Hamlet)

  • Trippingly on the tongue (Hamlet)
  • Truth will out (The Merchant of Venice)
  • Violent delights have violent ends (Romeo and
  • Wear my heart upon my sleeve (Othello)
  • What the dickens (The Merry Wives of Windsor)
  • What's done is done (Macbeth)
  • What's in a name? A rose by any other name would
    smell as sweet. (Romeo and Juliet)
  • What fools these mortals be (A Midsummer Night's

  • What the dickens (The Merry Wives of Windsor)
  • Wild-goose chase (Romeo and Juliet)
  • Wish is father to that thought (2 Henry IV)
  • Witching time of night (Hamlet)
  • Working-day world (As You Like It)
  • The world's my oyster (2 Henry IV)
  • Yeoman's service (Hamlet)

Words created by Shakespeare
  • abstemious (The Tempest -- a Latin word that
    meant "to abstain from alcoholic drink" was
    generalized to sexual behavior as well)
  • academe (Love's Labour's Lost this is just an
    English form of "Academy", the Greek for Plato's
  • accommodation (Othello)
  • accused (n.) (Richard II -- first known use as a
    noun, meaning person accused of a crime)
  • addiction (Henry V / Othello)
  • admirable (several seems unlikely)
  • advertising (adj.)(Measure for Measure in
    context, means "being attentive" the noun was
    already in use)
  • aerial (Othello)
  • alligator (Romeo and Juliet Spanish "aligarto"
    was already in use in English)
  • amazement (13 instances first known use as a
  • anchovy (I Henry IV first attestation in English
    of the Spanish word for dried edible fish)
  • apostrophe ("apostrophas")(Love's Labour's Lost
    seems to be a well-known word already)
  • arch-villain (Measure for Measure / Timon of

  • to arouse (2 Henry VI / Hamlet "rouse" was the
    usual form)
  • assassination (Macbeth "assassin" was already in
    use and derives from "hashish eater")
  • auspicious (several "auspice" was a Roman
    practice of fortune-telling by bird flight)
  • bachelorship (I Henry VI)
  • backing (I Henry VI this is just a pun on a
    known word)
  • bandit (II Henry VI, actually "bandetto", the
    first attestation in English of a familiar
    Italian word for people "banned", i.e., outlaws)
  • barefaced (in the sense of "barefaced power")
  • baseless (in the sense of fantasy without
    grounding in fact) (The Tempest)
  • beached (several, merely means "possessing a
  • bedazzled (The Taming of the Shrew)
  • bedroom (A Midsummer Night's Dream, merely means
    a place to sleep on the ground)
  • belongings (Measure for Measure)

  • to besmirch (Henry V)
  • birthplace (Coriolanus first attestation)
  • to blanket (King Lear first use as a verb)
  • bloodstained (I Henry IV)
  • blusterer (A Lover's Complaint)
  • bold-faced (I Henry VI)
  • bottled (Richard III)
  • bump (Romeo and Juliet first attestation of
    onomopoeic word)
  • buzzer (Hamlet means gossipper)
  • to cake (Timon of Athens, first attestation as a
  • to castigate (Timon of Athens)
  • to cater (As You Like It from coetous, a buyer
    of provisions)
  • clangor (3 Henry VI / 2 Henry IV)

  • to champion (Macbeth first attestation as a
    verb, and in an older sense of "to challenge"
    though the noun was familiar as someone who would
    fight for another)
  • circumstantial (As You Like It / Cymbeline first
    attestation in the sense of "indirect")
  • cold-blooded (King John first use to mean "lack
    of emotion")
  • coldhearted (Antony and Cleopatra)
  • compact (several seems to have been a common
  • to comply (Othello)
  • to compromise (The Merchant of Venice, several of
    the histories seems to have been already in
  • to cow (Macbeth first use in English of a
    Scandinavian verb)
  • consanguineous (Twelfth Night "consanguinity"
    was already in use)
  • control (n.) (Twelfth Night)
  • countless (Titus Andronicus / Pericles)
  • courtship (several, seems unikely)
  • critic (Love's Labour's Lost Latin term)
  • critical (not in today's sense) (Othello, A
    Midsummer Night's Dream)
  • cruelhearted (The Two Gentlemen of Verona)

  • Dalmatians (Cymbeline)
  • dauntless (Macbeth)
  • dawn (I Henry IV, King John first use as a noun,
    the standard had been "dawning")
  • day's work (several, must have been a common
  • deafening (II Henry IV in the sense of a noise
    that is loud but does not produce real deafness)
  • to denote (several already a word in Latin)
  • depository (???)
  • discontent (Richard III / Titus Andronicus the
    verb was in use but this is the first attestation
    as a noun)
  • design (several, seems unlikely)
  • dexterously (Twelfth Night)
  • dialogue (several, seems already familiar)
  • disgraceful (I Henry VI means "not graceful")
  • dishearten (Henry V)
  • to dislocate (King Lear, refers to anatomy)
  • distasteful (Timon of Athens)
  • distracted (Hamlet / Measure for Measure seems
  • divest (Henry V / King Lear probably already in
    use as referring to a royal title)

  • domineering (Love's Labour's Lost from a Dutch
  • downstairs (I Henry IV, supposedly first use as
    an adjective)
  • droplet (Timon of Athens)
  • to drug (Macbeth first use as a verb)
  • to dwindle (I Henry IV / Macbeth, seems already
    familiar as a term for body wasting)
  • to educate (Love's Labour's Lost)
  • to elbow (King Lear first use as a verb)
  • embrace (I Henry VI first use as a noun)
  • employer (Much Ado about Nothing)
  • employment (several, obviously familiar)
  • engagement (several, seems simply the first
  • to enmesh (Othello)
  • to ensnare (Othello)
  • enrapt (Troilus and Cressida)
  • enthroned (Antony and Cleopatra)
  • epileptic (King Lear first use as an adjective,
    though the noun was old)
  • equivocal (Othello / All's Well that Ends Well
    first use as adjective, though the verb "to
    equivocate" was familiar)
  • eventful (As You Like It)

  • expedience (several, supposedly first use as
  • exposure (several, supposedly first use as noun)
  • eyeball (The Tempest)
  • eyedrops (II Henry IV means "tears")
  • eyesore (The Taming of the Shrew)
  • fanged (Hamlet, first attestation)
  • farmhouse (The Merry Wives of Windsor first
    known use of the compound)
  • far-off (several, seems already familiar)
  • fashionable (Timon of Athens / Troilus and
  • fathomless (not today's sense) (Troilus and
  • fitful (Macbeth)
  • fixture (not current sense) (Merry Wives of
    Windsor / Winter's Tale)
  • flawed (King Lear first use as an adjective)
  • flowery (A Midsummer Night's Dream)
  • foppish (King Lear)
  • fortune-teller (The Comedy of Errors)
  • to forward (I Henry IV first use as a verb)
  • foul-mouthed (several, seems already familiar)

  • freezing (Cymbeline)
  • frugal (several "frugality" was already in
    common use)
  • full-grown (Pericles)
  • gallantry (Troilus and Cressida)
  • generous (several, obviously already known)
  • gloomy (several, "to gloom" was a verb)
  • glow (several the word had originally meant
  • gnarled (Measure for Measure alteration of
    knurled which was a standard word for bumpy)
  • go-between (several, seems familiar)
  • to gossip (The Comedy of Errors first use as a
    verb "gossip" was one's familiar friends)
  • gust (III Henry VI, seems already familiar and
    was an Old Norse word)
  • half-blooded (King Lear)
  • hint (Othello, first use in today's sense)
  • hob-nails (I Henry IV, alleged seems already
  • hobnob (Twelfth Night older term was "hab, nab",
    and not in today's sense)
  • homely (several, seems already familiar)
  • honey-tongued (Love's Labour's Lost)
  • hoodwinked (already known from falconry)

  • hot-blooded (The Merry Wives of Windsor / King
  • housekeeping (The Taming of the Shrew seems
  • howl (several, clearly familiar)
  • to humor (Love's Labour's Lost, first attestation
    as a verb)
  • hunchbacked (can't find)
  • to hurry (Comedy of Errors, first attestation as
  • ill-tempered (can't find)
  • immediacy (King Lear, first use as noun)
  • impartial (2 Henry IV)
  • to impede (Macbeth, first use as verb, though
    "impediment" was already widely used)
  • import (several, and not used in the modern
  • immediacy (King Lear, first attestation as a
  • importantly (Cymbeline, first attestation as an
  • inaudible (All's Well that Ends Well "audible"
    was already in use)
  • inauspicious (Romeo and Juliet)
  • indistinguishable (not in today's sense)(Troilus
    and Cressida)
  • inducement (several, seems unlikely)
  • investment (II Henry IV, not in present sense)

  • invulnerable King John / Hamlet / The Tempest
    first attestation for the negative Coriolanus
    has unvulnerable)
  • jaded (several, seems already a term of
  • Judgement Day (I Henry VI usual term had been
    "Day of Judgement")
  • juiced (Merry Wives of Windsor first attestation
    as an adjective)
  • kissing (several, first attestation of the
    participle, though surely not its first use)
  • lackluster (As You Like It)
  • ladybird (Romeo and Juliet)
  • to lament (several, seems already familiare)
  • to lapse (several, first attestation as a verb,
    though already familiar as a noun)
  • to launder (first use as a verb "laundress" was
    in common use)
  • laughable (The Merchant of Venice)
  • leaky (Antony and Cleopatra / The Tempest)
  • leapfrog (Henry V first attestation but seems
    unlikely as a coinage)
  • lonely (several, seems unlikely)
  • long-legged (can't find)
  • love letter (can't find)

  • to lower (several, seems already known)
  • luggage (first use as noun)
  • lustrous (Twelfth Night / All's Well that Ends
  • madcap (several, attestation as adjective the
    noun had become popular just before)
  • majestic (several, first use as adjective)
  • majestically (I Henry IV first attestation as
  • malignancy (Twelfth Night, seems possible)
  • manager (Love's Labour's Lost / Midsummer Night's
    Dream first attestation as noun)
  • marketable (As You Like It first use as
  • militarist (All's Well that Ends Well)
  • mimic (Midsummer Night's Dream)
  • misgiving (Julius Caesar first use as noun,
    though "to misgive" was in common use)
  • misplaced (several, seems unlikely)
  • to misquote (1 Henry IV not in the present

  • money's worth (Love's Labours Lost)
  • monumental (several, seems unlikely)
  • moonbeam (A Midsummer Night's Dream)
  • mortifying (Merchant of Venice / Much Ado About
    Nothing )
  • motionless (Henry V)
  • mountaineer (Cymbeline the sense is
  • multitudinous (Macbeth)
  • neglect (several, obviously already known)
  • to negotiate (Much Ado about Nothing / Twelfth
    Night verb from the Latin)
  • new-fallen (Venus and Adonis / I Henry IV)
  • new-fangled (Love's Labour's Lost / As You Like
  • nimble-footed (several, seems already a familiar
  • noiseless (King Lear / All's Well that Ends
  • to numb (King Lear, first attestation as a
    transitive verb)

  • obscene (several straight from Latin)
  • obsequiously (first use of the adverb comes from
    "obsequies", or funeral rites)
  • outbreak (Hamlet, first attestation as a noun)
  • to outdare (I Henry IV)
  • to outgrow (can't find)
  • to outweigh (can't find)
  • over-cool (II Henry IV)
  • overgrowth (can't find)
  • over-ripened (II Henry VI first-use of the
    familiar compound)
  • over-weathered The Merchant of Venice)
  • overview (can't find)
  • pageantry (Pericles Prince of Tyre)
  • pale-faced (A Midsummer Night's Dream)
  • to pander (several was already a proverb)

  • pedant (several, seems already in common use for
    a stuffy teacher)
  • perplex (King John / Cymbeline)
  • perusal (Sonnets / Hamlet first use as a noun)
  • to petition (Antony and Cleopatra / Coriolanus
    first use as a verb)
  • pious (several, seems very unlikely)
  • posture (several, seems known)
  • premeditated (several first attestation of the
    adjective, though the noun was in use)
  • priceless (???)
  • Promethean (Othello / Love's Labour's Lost)
  • protester (not today's sense) (Julius Caesar)
  • published (2 Henry VI)
  • puking (As You Like It)
  • puppy-dog (King John / Henry V)
  • on purpose (several seems very unlikely)
  • quarrelsome (As You Like It / Taming of the
  • questing (As You Like It first use of the
  • in question (several, seems already in use)
  • radiance (several first use as noun)

  • to rant (The Merry Wives of Windsor / Hamlet
    loan-word from Dutch or previously-unattested
    English word?)
  • rancorous (2 Henry VI, Comedy of Errors, Richard
    III, all early plays, seems unlikely)
  • raw-boned (I Henry VI)
  • reclusive (Much Ado about Nothing first use as
  • reinforcement (Troilus and Cressida / Coriolanus
    seems already in use)
  • reliance (???)
  • remorseless (several, first attestation of this
  • reprieve (several, obviously already in use)
  • resolve (several, obviously already in use)
  • restoration (King Lear)
  • restraint (several, seems already familiar)
  • retirement (II Henry IV refers to military
    retreat first use as noun)
  • revolting (several, obviously already familiar)

  • to rival (King Lear first attestation as verb
    noun was well-known)
  • rival (Midsummer Night's Dream first attestation
    as adjective, noun was well-known)
  • roadway (II Henry IV first attestation of the
  • rumination (As You Like It first use as noun)
  • sacrificial (Timon of Athens not today's usage)
  • sanctimonious (Measure for Measure / Tempest)
  • satisfying (Othello / Cymbeline)
  • savage (several the word was obviously already
    in use)
  • savagery (King John / Henry V first use as this
  • schoolboy (Julius Caesar / Much Ado about
  • scrubbed (The Merchant of Venice)
  • scuffle (Antony and Cleopatra first use as noun,
    though the verb was familiar)
  • seamy-side (Othello)
  • to secure (II Henry VI first use as a verb the
    adjective was well-known)
  • shipwrecked (Pericles Prince of Tyre, seems
  • shooting star (Richard II first known use of the

  • shudder (Timon of Athens first use as a noun
    verb already well-known)
  • silk (alleged obviously not Shakespeare's)
  • stocking (obviously not Shakespeare's)
  • silliness (Othello)
  • skim milk (I Henry IV first use of the familiar
  • to sneak (Measure for Measure supposed first use
    of the verb)
  • soft-hearted (2 Henry VI / 3 Henry VI first use
    of the familiar phrase)
  • spectacled (Coriolanus not in today's sense)
  • splitting (II Henry VI first use as adjective)
  • sportive (Richard III / Comedy of Errors / All's
    Well that Ends Well supposed first use)
  • to squabble (Othello supposed first use, as with
    "to swagger")
  • stealthy (Macbeth first use as adjective)
  • stillborn (can't find, obviously not
  • to submerge (Antony and Cleopatra)
  • successful (Titus Andronicus, seems dubious)
  • suffocating (Othello supposed first use as a

  • to sully (I Henry VI)
  • superscript (Love's Labour's Lost)
  • to supervise (Love's Labour's Lost also Hamlet
    but not in today's sense)
  • to swagger (II Henry IV, others in context this
    seems to be already a well-known word)
  • switch (first use to mean "twig")
  • tardily (All's Well that Ends Well first use of
  • tardiness (King Lear "tardy" as adjective was
  • threateningly (All's Well that Ends Well first
    use of the adverb)
  • tightly (The Merry Wives of Windsor first use as
    an adverb)
  • time-honored (Richard II)
  • title page (can't find seems unlikely)
  • to torture (several first use as a verb)
  • traditional (Richard III first use as
  • tranquil (Othello "tranquility" was an old
  • transcendence (All's Well that Ends Well first
    attestation of the noun)

  • tongue-tied (III Henry VI / Julius Caesar /
    Troilus and Cressida seems first attestation of
    a phrase already in use)
  • unaccommodated (King Lear)
  • unaware (Venus and Adonis first use as an
    adverb the adjective was not yet in use)
  • to unclog (Coriolanus, first use as a negative)
  • unappeased (Titus Andronicus)
  • unchanging (The Merchant of Venice)
  • unclaimed (As You Like It not in today's sense)
  • uncomfortable (Romeo and Juliet)
  • to uncurl (???)
  • to undervalue (The Merchant of Venice)
  • to undress (The Taming of the Shrew seems
  • unearthly (Winter's Tale)
  • uneducated (Love's Labour's Lost, seems
  • ungoverned (Richard III / King Lear)
  • to unhand (Hamlet)
  • unmitigated (Much Ado about Nothing)

  • unpublished (King Lear in the sense of "still
  • unreal (Macbeth, first use of the negative)
  • unsolicited (Titus Andronicus / Henry VIII
    supposed first use of the form)
  • unswayed (Richard III not in today's sense, but
    "is the sword unswung?")
  • unwillingness (Richard III / Richard II)
  • upstairs (I Henry IV supposedly first use as an
  • urging (Richard III / Comedy of Errors first
    attestation as a noun
  • useful (several, seems already familiar)
  • varied (Love's Labour's Lost, others)
  • vastly (Rape of Lucrece, not present sense)
  • viewless (Measure for Measure means
  • vulnerable (Macbeth used in today's sense)
  • watchdog (The Tempest first use of the phrase)

  • well-behaved (The Merry Wives of Windsor first
    known use of the compound)
  • well-bred (II Henry IV first use of the familiar
  • well-read (I Henry IV)
  • whirligig (Twelfth Night)
  • to widen (???)
  • widowed (Sonnet 97 / Coriolanus first use as an
  • worn out (Romeo and Juliet / 2 Henry IV seems
  • worthless (III Henry VI, several others seems
    just a first attestation)
  • yelping (I Henry VI first attestation of this
    adjectival form)
  • zany (Love's Labour Lost simply a loan-word from
    Italian commedia dell'arte)

Sources Used
  • Fashion pictures from High Fashion in
    Shakespeares Time by Andrew Brownfoot, Five
    Castles Press Ltd., 1992
  • Shakespeares Book of Insults, Insights,
    Infinite Jests, by John W. Seder, Templegate
    Publishers, 1984
  • The Story of English by Robert McCrum, et. al.,
    Penguin Books, 1987
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