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Lesson 1: Governance What is government? The people and institutions put in place to run or govern a country, state, province or community. The role of government is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lesson%201:%20Governance

Lesson 1 Governance
Lesson 1 Governance
What is government?
  • The people and institutions put in place to run
    or govern a country, state, province or
  • The role of government is to make decisions and
    regulations for the people for whom it is
  • The purpose of government is to protect its
    citizens and provide services.

How do governments differ from one another?
  • Different government systems around the world
    are distinguished by the allocation of power and
    the types of rights and freedoms afforded to the
  • Levels of power, in the case of governments, are
    often synonymous with levels of control.

Autocratic government
  • A system of government run by a ruler with total
    power and authority over all aspects of life.
    This ruler is called a dictator and often has the
    support of the military.
  • People living under authoritarian rule do not
    have individual rights and freedoms (e.g., Libya,
    North Korea).

Oligarchic government
  • A form of government system in which power rests
    with a small number of people, generally the
    people who are rich and more powerful than the
    others (due to bloodlines or wealth).
  • People living under oligarchic rule have some
    rights and freedoms (e.g., Saudi Arabia, Kuwait,
    many African nations).

Democratic government
  • A system of government in which power is
    retained by all the people, either directly or
    indirectly through elected representatives.
  • Citizens have access to power and they also have
    guaranteed rights and freedoms (e.g., Canada,
    United States, Japan, Germany).

Canadas Constitutional Monarchy
  • Canada is a part of the British Commonwealth and
    is therefore ceremonially connected to the
    British Crown.
  • A monarchy can be either a democracy or an
    autocracy (dictatorship).
  • The Queen of England is also Canadas Queen.

Commonwealth Prince and Princess
  • Princess Catherine and Prince William, Duke and
    Duchess of Cambridge are Canadas Prince and
  • In the summer of 2011 they toured Canada as a
    part of their honeymoon, including a visit to

Quotes about Democracy
  • It has been said that democracy is the worst
    form of government except for all the others that
    have been tried.
  • Winston Churchill, 1947
  • I understand democracy as something that gives
    the weak the same chance as the strong.
  • Mohandas Gandhi

Final thoughts
  • Is democracy important? Why?
  • Is democracy perfect?
  • How can democracy fail?
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