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HIV/AIDS and Human Rights

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Title: HIV/AIDS and Human Rights Author: United Nations Last modified by: Fkep Server IT Created Date: 10/16/2004 8:31:53 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HIV/AIDS and Human Rights


1
HIV/AIDS and Human Rights
A New HIV Infection every Six Seconds
2
OUTLINE
  • General Facts
  • UN Commission on Human Rights
  • Human Rights Violations Lead to HIV/AIDS
  • HIV/AIDS Leads to Denials in Human Rights
  • Causes of Discrimination against PLWHA
  • Rights of PLWHA
  • Womens Rights
  • Women are more Vulnerable to HIV
  • Human Rights in the Context of Saudi Arabia

3
General Facts
  • Over 42 Million today living with HIV/AIDS
  • 95 in the developing world
  • 28 Million dead already (2002)
  • Highest rates amongst people aged 2044
    (productivity)
  • Tragedy for Children
  • 45 of South African army recruits HIV positive
    Threat to National Security

4
UN Commission on Human Rights
  • Resolution 49/1999
  • Discrimination on the basis of HIV or AIDS
    status, actual or presumed, is prohibited by
    existing international human rights standards,
    and that the term, or other status in
    non-discrimination provisions in international
    human rights texts should be interpreted to
    cover health status, including HIV/AIDS

5
Human Rights Violations Lead to HIV/AIDS
  • Violations of Civil and Political Rights
  • Violations of the right to adequate standard of
    living
  • Violations of the right to information and
    education
  • Violations of the right to Health and Medical
    services
  • Violations of the right to share in scientific
    advancement
  • Violations of womens rights
  • Violations of the right to non-discrimination
    (Stigma)

6
HIV/AIDS Leads to Denials in Human Rights
  • The right to freedom from want
  • The right to employment and fair labour practices
  • The right to education
  • The right to health and medical services
  • The right to privacy
  • The right to freedom of movement
  • The right to participation and the right to legal
    remedy

7
Causes of Discrimination against PLWHA
  • HIV is life-threatening
  • Fear of contracting HIV
  • Sexual taboos
  • Responsibility ( are HIV carriers responsible for
    contracting the disease?)
  • Deviant behaviour
  • Religious and moral beliefs

8
Rights of PLWHA
  • The right to life
  • The right to liberty and security of person
  • The right to the highest attainable standard of
    mental and physical health
  • The right to non-discrimination, equal protection
    and equality before the law
  • The right to freedom of movement
  • The right to seek and enjoy asylum
  • The right to privacy
  • The right to freedom of expression and opinion
    and the right to freely receive and impart
    information

9
Rights of PLWHA (ctd)
  • The right to freedom of association
  • The right to marry and found a family
  • The right to work
  • The right to equal access to education
  • The right to social security, assistance and
    welfare
  • The right to an adequate standard of living
  • The right to share in scientific advancement and
    benefits
  • The right to participate in public and cultural
    life
  • The right to be free from torture and other cruel
    , inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment

10
Womens Rights
  • UNAIDS and UNGASS Declaration of commitment
  • Discrimination in education, health, employment,
    etc
  • Sexual and other forms of violence
  • Lack of access to reproductive health
  • Trafficking
  • Stigma
  • Economic Dependence
  • renders women vulnerable to infection

11
Women are more vulnerable to HIV
  • Physiologically (soft tissue in female
    reproductive tract, vaginal tissue absorbance of
    fluids, STIs)
  • Socially (lack of control over sex relations,
    little access to sexual health information
    services)
  • Economically (vulnerable, dependent, desperate.
    Informal employment --gt no health insurance)
  • Gender implications (GBV physical abuse, rape,
    commercial Sex-work Sex-Tourism, Trafficking
    for Sexual Exploitation, voluntary or forced
    migration Displacement,

12
Human Rights in the Context of Saudi Arabia
  • Are Human Rights an issue in terms of HIV/AIDS in
    the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia?
  • How do you think we are failing?
  • Where do you think we can do better?
  • Should UNDP advocate and how?
  • Stigma

13
  • The respect of individual human rights is a
    precondition for an effective response to
    HIV/AIDS, and violations of human rights are
    recognized as primary pathogenic forces in the
    spread of the disease.
  • Thank you
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