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Introduction to Poetry

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Introduction to Poetry Key Terms Standard ELA8R1g The student Analyzes and evaluates the effects of sound, form, figurative language, and graphics in order to uncover ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Poetry


1
Introduction to Poetry
  • Key Terms

2
Standard
  • ELA8R1g The student Analyzes and evaluates the
    effects of sound, form, figurative language, and
    graphics in order to uncover meaning in
    literature
  • i. Sound (e.g., alliteration, onomatopoeia,
    internal rhyme, rhyme scheme, meter)
  • ii. Figurative language (e.g., simile, metaphor,
    personification, hyperbole, symbolism, imagery).

3
What is a Poem(1)?
  • A poem is a verbal composition created in verse
    rather than prose
  • Prose is ordinary writing that relies on
    sentences and paragraphs.
  • Verse is writing that happens in lines or
    stanzas. It is not confined to paragraphs.

4
Line (4)
  • A line is a row of words within a poem.
  • A line might be very long, or it might be as
    short as one word, or even one letter.
  • One complete thought might be split up over
    several lines, so a reader shouldnt necessarily
    pause at the end each line. It might flow right
    into the next one with no stop. Pause when you
    reach punctuation.

5
1. How many lines? 2. Where should the reader
pause?
  • If I can stop one heart from breaking, I shall
    not live in vain If I can ease one life the
    aching, Or cool one pain, Or help one fainting
    robin Unto his nest again, I shall not live in
    vain.
  • - Emily Dickinson
  •    

6
Stanza (3)
  • A stanza is one group of lines within a poem.
  • A stanza can be made of as many lines as the poet
    desires.
  • Stanzas are usually separated by a horizontal gap
    of space on a page.
  • A poem might have one stanza or many stanzas.
  • The form each stanza follows does not have to
    match, but it can.

7
How Many Stanzas
  • I have eaten This is Just To Say the
    plums by William Carlos Williams that were
    in the icebox and which you were
    probably saving for breakfast Forgive me they
    were delicious so sweet and so cold

8
Rhyme (2)
  • A rhyme is 2 or more words that end with the same
    vowel sound.
  • Poems can rhyme, but they dont have to.
  • Rhyming words can be found in a Rhyming
    Dictionary

9
Rhyme Scheme (5)
  • Rhyme Scheme is the pattern in which a poems
    rhymes are arranged.
  • Some poems have a very rigid, predictable rhyme
    scheme pattern
  • Some poems have no rhyme scheme at all

10
Labeling Rhyme Scheme
  • We label rhyme scheme by calling the first line
    A. Every line in that stanza that rhymes with
    A is labeled A.
  • The first line that does NOT rhyme with A is
    labeled B. Every line that rhymes with B is
    labeled B.
  • Continue going through the alphabet until you run
    out of lines in the stanza.
  • We name the rhyme scheme after the pattern

11
Example A Hippo is Bounding
  • A hippo is bounding around on my head.
  • Gorillas are banging on drums.
  • A rhino is charging me full speed ahead
  • while a crocodile's eyeing my thumbs.
  •  A rattlesnake's winding his way up my side.
  • A tiger is sniffing my clothes.
  • A grizzly just grabbed me, his mouth open wide.
  • A tarantula's perched on my nose. 
  • I'm drowning, surrounded by man-eating sharks.
  • An elephant sits on my chest.
  • Yes, that's how it feels when the teacher
    remarks,
  • "Grab your pencils. It's time for the test."
  • --Kenn Nesbitt

12
Free Verse (22)
  • Free Verse is when a poem has no set rhyme or
    pattern.
  • The verse does not conform to a specified number
    of lines or syllables.
  • It may have no rhyme whatsoever, though the
    author may occasionally throw a rhyme in here and
    there. The rhyme, however, will NOT have a
    pattern.

13
Free Verse Example
  • Sunset by Lillian Moore
  • There's dazzle
  •                     in the western sky
  • Colors spill and
  • run
  • The pond mouth
  • lies open
  •                     greedy
  • for the last drop
  • of
  • melting
  • sun
  •                 

14
Assignment!
  • Write a poem in your interactive notebook (on
    page 6). You can write about family, friends, or
    current events (things going on in the world).
    You can make it have a rhyme scheme or use free
    verse.
  • GO! ?
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