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Medieval Period


Medieval Period The Middle Ages ... Supernatural event Sir Gawain and the Green Knight In Sir Gawain you will see the pull of sexual temptation and of life in the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval Period

Medieval Period The Middle Ages 1066-1485
  • The history of our English Language can be
    divided into 3 periods
  • Old English (before 1066)
  • Middle English (1066-1485)
  • Modern English (1485-present)

Language in Transition Middle Ages
  • Around the year 1000, Old English pronunciation
    changed when distinct vowel sounds at the ends of
    words were being dropped.
  • Middle English differed from Old English in its
    greater reliance upon fewer plural forms.

Language in Transition Middle Ages
  • Middle English was a more analytical language.
  • Stressed word order/syntax
  • Incorporated function wordsverbs

French Invade England October of 1066
  • Leading Normandy was Duke William or William the
    Conqueror, who defeated and killed the last
    Anglo-Saxon king. This was the beginning of the
    Norman Conquest.

Norman Conquest
  • The Norman Conquest radically changed
  • English History
  • English Character
  • English Language

William the Conqueror is known for three
  • Creating the Domesday Book which was an inventory
    of every piece of property in England.
  • Bringing the French language to England
  • Creating a bilingual society
  • Upper-Class spoke French
  • Lower-Class spoke English
  • 3. Social System known as Feudalism

Feudalism Knighthood
  • Feudalism
  • Religious concept of hierarchy.

2 Major impacts on England as a result of the
Feudal System Form and Manners
  • Formbetter known as knighthood.
  • The institution of knighthood was firmly
  • based on the ideas of loyalty.
  • We will see this clearly in Sir Gawain and the
    Green Knight.
  • He is honor-bound to accept a challenge that he
  • could bring death.

2nd major impact that the feudal system had on
  • Manners
  • Code of ChivalryCourtly Love
  • A system of ideas and behavior codes that
    governed both knight
  • and gentlewoman.

Three aspects that make up the Code of Chivalry
  • Loyalty to Lord
  • Your oath, honor, and respect went directly to
    your lord.
  • Warfare Rule
  • Idea of Fairness
  • Courtly Love
  • Men--mostly the knights-- idolized women. They
    would show this by wearing the colors of their
    lady in battle, to glorify her. This love for a
    woman was thought to make the knight a better
    fighter. They were inspired by women.

  • Courtly Love provided built-in drama for a poet
    or storyteller.
  • It brought about the form of literature known as
    a ROMANCE a medieval story in verse form in
    which a brave knight must overcome great danger
    for the love of a noble lady or higher idea.

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
  • Composed around 1370
  • An unknown author transformed the popular romance
    into great art.
  • An alliterative romance poem. (Legend)
  • Basic narrative pattern of a romance
  • Hero
  • 2. Questin which the hero undertakes a perilous
    journey in search of something of great value.
  • 3. Supernatural event

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
  • In Sir Gawain you will see the pull of sexual
    temptation and of life in the medieval castle.
  • Gawain is the model of the chivalric hero whose
    character is being tested on
  • Courage
  • Fidelity
  • Morality

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
  • Purpose of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
    teach us a moral lesson.
  • Theme To achieve nobility human beings must
    rely on the constant practice of a number of
    virtues such as
  • Courage
  • Honesty
  • Self-sacrifice

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
  • Setting (time)
  • The mythical past of King Arthurs Court.
  • Setting (place)
  • Camelot the wilderness Bertilaks castle the
    Green Chapel.
  • Motifs
  • The seasons games