Art%20of%20Peacebuilding%20and%20Conflict%20Resolution%20by%20sulaiman%20yunusa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title: Art%20of%20Peacebuilding%20and%20Conflict%20Resolution%20by%20sulaiman%20yunusa


1
Art of Peacebuilding and Conflict Resolutionby
sulaiman yunusa
2
All people desire to live in a world of peace and
harmony.
3
Where does the conflict begins?
4
Conflict Begins within the Individual.
Selfishness
Unselfishness
5
(No Transcript)
6
UNESCO Constitution
Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in
the minds of men that the defenses of peace must
be constructed. Preamble
6
7
II. The highest qualities of human beings are
spiritual and moral.
8
Selfishness
Lust
Exploitation
Arrogance
Living only for oneself
Prejudice
Vengeance
Greed
Basis for conflict
9
Unselfishness
Self-control
Humility
Service
Living for others
Fairness
Forgiveness
Generosity
Basis for harmony
10
Nelson Mandela
The first thing is to be honest with yourself.
You can never have an impact on society if you
have not changed yourself.
11
Sources of Conflict
  • Spiritual sources of conflict
  • Result of original ancestors separation from
    God and negative influence from evil spiritual
    forces
  • Individual sources of conflict
  • Disunity within the individual and confusion of
    values
  • Family sources of conflict
  • Family dysfunctions affect succeeding
    generations.
  • National/international sources of conflict
  • National policies affect future generations and
    can lead to conflict within or between nations.

12
Historical Sources of National Conflict
  • National crimes burden future generations.
  • US Civil War
  • Ethnic/religious resentments accumulate.
  • Balkan conflicts

13
Individual ChoiceTo resolve or repeat past
conflicts
Past
Each person passes on either the problem or the
solution.
Future
14
Does Fighting Resolve Conflict?
15
Fighting Does Not Resolve Conflict?
  • Fighting can be necessary
  • For self-defense
  • To defend the weak
  • Fighting does not resolve conflict
  • Defeating an enemy does not answer his grievances
    or end his hatred.
  • The defeated are tempted to seek revenge.

16
Results of World War I
Left General Ferdinand Foch (2nd from right) at
German surrender in Compeigne forest near Paris
Above Adolf Hitler (with hand on hip) visiting
the site of the German surrender, June 22, 1940
17
Basis for Conflict Resolution
State of Harmony
Lost
Restored
  • Indemnity conditions
  • Efforts to reverse the process by which the
    original harmony was lost.

State of Conflict
18
Restoration of Conflict
Loving Relationship
Right
Unselfishness
Broken Relationship
Selfishness
Wrong
19
Steps in Conflict Resolution
  • Step 1. Self reflection reorientation
  • Consider how one might have dealt with the
    problem differently.
  • Take responsibility for ones contribution to the
    conflict.

20
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
We never get rid of an enemy by meeting hate
with hate we get rid of an enemy by getting rid
of enmity.
21
Steps in Conflict Resolution
  • Step 2. Reversal restitution
  • Address whatever caused the other to feel hurt
    and violated.
  • Be open to efforts to reconcile.
  • Seek to correct injustices.

22
Steps in Conflict Resolution
  • Step 3. Reconciliation renewal
  • Give up claim for retaliation.
  • Forgive and be open to receive forgiveness.
  • Resolve to help the other to change.
  • Foster good will.

23
Actions That Lead to Peace
  • Humility - Admitting to not always being right
  • - Being open to learn from others
  • Generosity - Giving beyond convenience
  • - Giving unconditionally, without
    expectation of return
  • Service - Showing acts of caring to meet
    others needs
  • - Respecting the dignity of the recipient
  • - Reversing exploitation through service

24
Greatest Act of Love Winning over ones enemy
  • Giving even to those who have done one harm
  • Converts the enemy into a friend.
  • Reverses ancient patterns of abuse and revenge.

25
What Is Needed?
  • Leadership centered on true love
  • Ambassadors for Peace

26
Attitude of an Ambassador for Peace
  • Show concern for both sides.
  • Affirm the value of both sides.
  • Gain trust from both sides that each is being
    treated fairly.
  • Aim for a win-win outcome.
  • Guide both sides beyond blame and accusation.

27
Mediation Skills Towards the Offender
  • Help the offender accept responsibility.
  • Encourage admission of wrong.
  • Help the offender accept the challenge of
    reconciliation.
  • Avoid labeling and blaming.
  • Praise and offer a second chance.

28
Mediation Skills Towards the Offended
  • Help the offended forgive and release grudges.
  • Help the offended recognize own faults.
  • Help the offended to accept an apology.
  • Foster harmony and friendship with the offender.

29
Promoting Peace and Reconciliation
  • Service programs
  • Sports competitions
  • Cultural programs
  • Dialogue between religions
  • Women as peacemakers

30
Mahatma Gandhi
When I despair, I remember that all through
history the ways of truth and love have always
won.
31
Anwar Sadat
Any life that is lost in war is a human life, be
it that of an Arab or Israeli. Innocent children
who are deprived of the care and compassion of
their parents are ours. They are ours, be they
living on Arab or Israeli land. Speech to the
Israeli Knesset
32
Rev. Sun Myung Moon
The reason why God does not punish an enemy is
that He is thinking of the enemys parents, wife
and children who all love him. When you
understand that heart of God, could you take
revenge on your enemy?

33
CONCLUSION
  • The good news is that we know what to do now we
    just have to do it.
  • Violence is a disease. We have the antidote it
    is peace education, to raise social intelligence
    and development everywhere. All we have to do is
    inoculate all the children in the world. It is a
    big job, but we can do it.

34
Thank You!
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