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SAT Test Prep

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SAT Test Prep Lesson #3 Reading Source: AVID Coordinator s Training on February 6, 2014 by Study Smart Tutors http://studysmarttutors.com/ – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SAT Test Prep


1
  • SAT Test Prep
  • Lesson 3 Reading

Source AVID Coordinators Training on February
6, 2014 by Study Smart Tutors http//studysmarttu
tors.com/
2
To succeed, we must first believe that we
can. -Michael Korda
3
Critical Reading Quick Facts
  • Become familiar with the 30 most common Latin
    root-words
  • Reading passages can be boring and tough to get
    through
  • Choose the best answer since multiple options
    may be accurate
  • Reading passages tend to differ in length, but
    each requires the same attention because all
    questions are worth the same amount

4
Tips for Critical Reading
  • Because questions increase in difficulty, keep in
    mind that easy questions must have easy answers.
    Get the questions you know, right.
  • Test makers want you to read the sentence quickly
    and then try each answer choice to find the best
    fit. This process takes far too long. Unlike
    the math section, plugging in answer choices is
    an awful idea.

5
Sentence Completion Strategy
  • Cover all answer choices with your hand.
  • Fill in the blank with a prediction word.
  • Uncover answer choices and find a matching word.

Since Jason had a tendency to lie about
everything, I expected his story to be_______.
(A) a fib (B) exacerbated (C) accurate
(D) humorous (E) true
untrue
6
Sentence Completion Practice 1
  • Cover all answer choices with your hand.
  • Fill in the blank with a prediction word.
  • Uncover answer choices and find a matching word.
    If your prediction doesnt match any choices, go
    back and predict again.

1. Allie loves hiking so much because she can
get away from the noisy city and relax in the
______ outdoors. (A) precluded (B) frightful
(C) tranquil (D) great (E) diplomatic
?
7
Sentence Completion Practice 2
  • Cover all answer choices with your hand.
  • Fill in the blank with a prediction word.
  • Uncover answer choices and find a matching word.
    If your prediction doesnt match any choices, go
    back and predict again.

2. The rabbi has been officiating Jewish weddings
for 25 years and has therefore become very
_________. (A) pious (B) proficient (C)
appropriate (D) famous (E) religious
?
8
Sentence Completion Practice 3
  • Cover all answer choices with your hand.
  • Fill in the blank with a prediction word.
  • Uncover answer choices and find a matching word.
    If your prediction doesnt match any choices, go
    back and predict again.

3. Tania hadnt slept in 2 nights, which is
probably why she seemed so ______ at school
today. (A) energetic (B) cognizant (C)
angry (D) lackadaisical (E) malleable
?
9
Prediction Clues Strategy
  • Sentences have clues that can help you narrow
    down the correct answer choice. Underline the
    clues. If you cant find the clue, look for the
    subject of the sentence and how the subject is
    described.

The museum has many famous paintings and
sculptures, so many students studying _____ visit
as part of the class. a. Science b. Business
c. Art d. Music e. Religion
Rationale The correct answer is (c) because the
underlined clues famous paintings and
sculptures refer to art.
10
Prediction Clues Practice 1
  • Sentences have clues that can help you narrow
    down the correct answer choice. Underline the
    clues. If you cant find the clue, look for the
    subject of the sentence and how the subject is
    described.

The Vatican has many famous church writings and
artifacts, so many students studying ______ visit
for class. a. Science b. Business c. Art
d. Music e. Religion
Rationale The correct response is (e) because
the underlined clues church writings and
artifacts refer to religion.
11
Trigger Words
  • Trigger words help to establish relationships
    between the clue and the blank. Same Direction
    Triggers mean that the clue and the blank must
    agree. Change Direction Triggers mean that the
    blank and the clue must disagree.

Same Direction Triggers Change Direction Triggers
and, also, further, since, in addition, because but, although, yet, rather, despite, however
12
Trigger Words
Same Direction Triggers Change Direction Triggers
and, also, further, since, in addition, because but, although, yet, rather, despite, however
fair
Because Judge Judy is impartial, the verdicts she
delivers are ________. a. Cynical b.
Equitable c. Biased d. Controversial e.
Final
Rationale The correct answer is (b) since the
underlined trigger, because refers to a word
that agrees with impartial.
13
Trigger Words Practice 1
Same Direction Triggers Change Direction Triggers
and, also, further, since, in addition, because but, although, yet, rather, despite, however
weird
1. Although the sculptors works are typically
________, they have recently become conventional.
a. Complacent b. Palatial c. Awful d.
Eccentric e. Gregarious
Rationale The correct answer is (d) because the
underlined trigger, although refers to a word
that disagrees with conventional.
14
Trigger Words Practice 2
Same Direction Triggers Change Direction Triggers
and, also, further, since, in addition, because but, although, yet, rather, despite, however
2. Despite his attempts to persuade Patti to be
more diffident, Patti proceeded to be _________.
a. Vulnerable b. Imperative c. Pompous d.
Humble e. Indigent
arrogant
Rationale The correct answer is (c) because the
underlined trigger, despite refers to a word
that disagrees with diffident.
15
Solving Two Blankers
  • Cover the answers.
  • Identify the easier blank with the most clues.
  • Predict the blank.
  • Eliminate answers that dont fit your first
    blank.
  • Repeat for the second blank.

The dentist always ________ her patients with the
utmost of care, which is why she was __________
dentist of the year. a. Treatedengaged b.
Absolvedawarded c. Diagnoseddesignated d.
Prescribednominated e. Abdicatedchosen
Rationale The correct answer is (c). Begin with
the first blank since its easier. The clue,
dentist means that the first blank should have
to do with patients. Answer choices (a) and (c)
are the only possible answers given the first
blank. Now, consider the second blank. The clue
dentist of the year suggests she was awarded
something.
16
Solving Related Two Blankers
  • Which two answers go together and make sense in
    the context of the sentence?
  • Consider positive and negative words to determine
    their agreement.

The professors lessons were both _____ and
______, which was probably why the class was so
popular each semester. a. Corrupterroneous
b. Obnoxiousarrogant c. Effectivestimulating
d. Enlighteningsuperfluous e.
Explicitefficient
Rationale The blanks agree with each other and
they are both positive. Answer choice (c) is the
only option that shows agreeing words that are
both positive. The clue for positive, not
negative, is popular.
17
Related Two Blankers Practice 1
  • Which two answers go together and make sense in
    the context of the sentence?
  • Consider positive and negative words to determine
    their agreement.

1. The marriage was doomed from the start, as
Charles was _______ and ______, while Diana was
kind and thoughtful a. Heinous.amiable b.
Perverseapt c. Compassionatediabolical d.
Ruthlessmalevolent e. Sinistersympathetic
Rationale The clue for the tone of the blanks
is doomed. The blanks must agree and they must
be negative. (d) is the only option for two
negative words that agree.
18
Reading Sections
  • No points are awarded for understanding the
    passage, although it can help
  • Questions typically examine the same key parts of
    a passage repeatedly
  • Focus on the few argumentative statements in the
    passage (i.e. thesis)
  • Main idea/key points alone will allow you to
    answer about 60 of the questions!
  • Dont read into the question.

19
Reading Section Practice
Ms. Nelson arrived to school with her hair wet.
Her class was seated and ready for her arrival
when she walked in. As she entered the room, her
favorite student asked why is your hair wet?
1. According to the passage, which of the
following best explains why Ms. Nelsons hair is
wet? a. she took a shower before work b. she
got stuck in the rain c. someone spilled water
on her d. a bird peed on her head e. none of
the above
Rationale While any of the answer choices are
possible, they are not definitely true. The
passage does not explicitly indicate why her hair
is wet so students should not assume they know
why.
20
Identifying the Thesis
  • Thesis statements represent opinions that reflect
    the authors perspective on the text

Fact Statements Thesis (Opinion) Statements
1. Dinosaurs are extinct. 2. Becoming a doctor requires 8 extra years of schooling. 3. The U.S. is divided into many states. 1. If dinosaurs were alive, they would rule the planet. 2. Doctors have the hardest jobs. 3. New York is the best state.
21
Additional Practice
With the remaining class time, click on the
SAT logo below to view videos of sample reading
questions.
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