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Chapter Twenty-Three:

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General Education 111 Chapter Twenty-Three: Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter Twenty-Three:


1
General Education 111
  • Chapter Twenty-Three
  • Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

2
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Motives for Exploration
  • Portuguese
  • Exploration

Caravan traveling from China to Europe,
Catalan Atlas ca. 1375
3
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Motives for Exploration
  • Portuguese Exploration
  • The Lure of Trade

4
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Motives for Exploration
  • Portuguese Exploration
  • The Lure of Trade
  • Missionary Efforts

5
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • The Technology of Exploration
  • Navigational Instruments

Mariner using cross staff to determine latitude.
6
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • The Technology of Exploration
  • Navigational Instruments
  • Knowledge of Winds and Currents

7
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • The Technology of Exploration
  • Navigational Instruments
  • Knowledge of Winds and Currents
  • The volta do mar

8
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Voyages of Exploration
  • From the Mediterranean
  • to the Atlantic

European Exploration in the Atlantic Ocean,
1486-1498 C.E.
9
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Voyages of Exploration From the Mediterranean to
    the Atlantic
  • Prince Henry of Portugal

10
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Voyages of Exploration From the Mediterranean to
    the Atlantic
  • Prince Henry of Portugal
  • Vasco da Gama

11
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Voyages of Exploration From the Mediterranean to
    the Atlantic
  • Prince Henry of Portugal
  • Vasco da Gama
  • Christopher Columbus

12
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Voyages of Exploration From the Mediterranean to
    the Atlantic
  • Prince Henry of Portugal
  • Vasco da Gama
  • Christopher Columbus
  • Hemispheric Links

13
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Voyages of Exploration From the Atlantic to the
    Pacific
  • Ferdinand Magellan

14
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Voyages of Exploration From the Atlantic to the
    Pacific
  • Ferdinand Magellan
  • The Circumnavigation

15
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Voyages of Exploration From the Atlantic to the
    Pacific
  • Ferdinand Magellan
  • The Circumnavigation
  • Exploration of the Pacific

16
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • The European Reconnaissance of the Worlds Oceans
  • Voyages of Exploration From the Atlantic to the
    Pacific
  • Ferdinand Magellan
  • The Circumnavigation
  • Exploration of the Pacific
  • Captain James Cook

17
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
  • Trading-Post Empires
  • Portugese Trading Posts

18
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
  • Trading-Post Empires
  • Portugese Trading Posts
  • Afonso dAlboquerque

19
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
  • Trading-Post Empires
  • Portugese Trading Posts
  • Afonso dAlboquerque
  • English and Dutch Trading Posts

20
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
  • Trading-Post Empires
  • Portugese Trading Posts
  • Afonso dAlboquerque
  • English and Dutch Trading Posts
  • The Trading Companies

21
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
  • European Conquests in Southeast Asia
  • Conquest of the Philippines

22
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
  • European Conquests in Southeast Asia
  • Conquest of the Philippines
  • Manila

23
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
  • European Conquests in Southeast Asia
  • Conquest of the Philippines
  • Manila
  • Conquest of Java

The City of Batavia, ca. 1650
24
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
  • Commercial Rivalries and the Seven Years War
  • Competition and Conflict

25
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
  • Commercial Rivalries and the Seven Years War
  • Competition and Conflict
  • The Seven Years War

26
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
  • Commercial Rivalries and the Seven Years War
  • Competition and Conflict
  • The Seven Years War
  • British Hegemony

27
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Global Exchanges
  • The Columbian Exchange
  • Biological Exchanges

28
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Global Exchanges
  • The Columbian Exchange
  • Biological Exchanges
  • Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline

29
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Global Exchanges
  • The Columbian Exchange
  • Biological Exchanges
  • Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline
  • Food Crops and Animals

30
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Global Exchanges
  • The Columbian Exchange
  • Biological Exchanges
  • Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline
  • Food Crops and Animals
  • American Crops

American crops unknown to Europe
31
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Global Exchanges
  • The Columbian Exchange
  • Biological Exchanges
  • Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline
  • Food Crops and Animals
  • American Crops
  • Population Growth

32
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Global Exchanges
  • The Columbian Exchange
  • Biological Exchanges
  • Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline
  • Food Crops and Animals
  • American Crops
  • Population Growth
  • Migration

33
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Global Exchanges
  • The Origins of Global Trade
  • Transoceanic Trade

34
Chapter Twenty-ThreeTransoceanic Encounters and
Global Connections
  • Sources From The Past
  • Christopher Columbuss First Impression of
    American Peoples

They are very gentle and do not know what evil
is nor do they kill others, nor steal and they
are without weapons and so timid that a hundred
of them flee from one of our men even if our men
are teasing them... - Christopher Columbus
35
Major lessons
  • The 16th century marked the turning point at
    which Europeans began to systematically push
    outwards
  • Expansion was a complex interaction of
    motivations trade, territory, religion, etc.
  • Expansion was facilitated by scientific knowledge
    and nautical technology
  • Expansion is best seen as interactions there
    were benefits and losses on both sides
  • Not all European powers took the same approach to
    exploration and colonization
  • Why did the Europeans succeed?

36
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