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The Research Paper

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Title: The Research Paper


1
The Research Paper
What does this quote mean?
2
Day 1
  • MLA Format
  • Plagiarism
  • Parenthetical Documentation
  • Works Cited Page

3
What is the simile being used? What is it
comparing?
4
How is PLAGIARISM affecting our world?
5
In FILMBollywood Film Posters
6
  • http//mtv.in.com/blogs/movies-blog/gossip/the-5-b
    est-copycats-12176.html

7
(No Transcript)
8
In FASHION
  • Geoffrey Beene VS Phoebe Philos Celine AW13

9
In MUSIC
  • "Ice, Ice Baby and David Bowies Under Pressure

10
In ART-Andy Warhol
  • Took images from other photographers and changed
    them to silk-screen

11
In POLITICSJoe Biden
  • Forced to drop out of the 1988 Presidential
    nominations because he plagiarized in law school
    and failed a course because of it.

12
(No Transcript)
13
How can you avoid PLAGIARIZING in your research
paper?
  • 1. Use QUOTATION marks to identify a direct quote
    from your source. ALWAYS use quotation marks
    around quotes taken from your text which are word
    for word. Only use direct quotes when it is
    important for the reader to know the exact words
    that the author used. You also need to cite the
    source of your information immediately after your
    direct quote.
  •  

14
The Crime of Plagiarism
  • 2. CITE the source of your information when using
    ideas and information taken from the text. Even
    if you put the information in your own words, you
    must still cite your source.
  •  

15
The Crime of Plagiarism
  • 3. PARAPHRASE correctly. Just changing one or
    two words in a sentence from your source is not
    acceptable, even if you cite it. You must use
    your own sentence structure and ideas.
  •  

16
The Crime of Plagiarism
  • 4. Do NOT use others WORKS and IDEAS as your
    OWN. The most obvious form of plagiarism is
    turning in work that you did not complete at all,
    but that you borrowed from another and turned
    it in as your own. Just changing the name and
    some words does not make it yours.
  •  

17
Avoiding Plagiarism
  • If you have any information that contains a
    NUMERICAL figure, make sure that you document it.
    As a rule, numbers are not common knowledge.

18
Avoiding Plagiarism
  • Do not try to write as PROFESSIONAL as the
    sources you are using. Use coherent language and
    avoid long technical terms whose meaning you do
    not know.  

19
Who can tell me what the following represents?
  • Petree NC 27104 Rd.
  • Winston-Salem
  • Mount Tabors Address!

20
Why should we care where NW Pennsylvania DC
AvenueWashington 1600 20500
  • If you can
  • decipher the address,
  • you can get
  • somewhere
  • AWESOME
  • The White House!!

21
You can get sources from ALL OVER the world
  • And your reader wants to know how you got there!

22
A citation is like an address- you need to
include the RIGHT information in the RIGHT order.
Otherwise, were all lost.
23
Youre giving your reader the location of your
source- in other words, your sources
address.St. Basils Cathedral Which one?
24
A complete, accurate citation not only tells your
reader WHERE you got your information, but HOW
you got there.
St. Basils Cathedral Red SquareMoscow, Russia
25
  • NOTE Some sources will have less information
    than others but be sure to include available
    information.

26
THE WORKS CITED PAGE
27
General Info. About Works Cited
  • üThe title of the page, WORKS CITED, is centered
    at the top of the page.
  • üEverything on the page is DOUBLE-SPACED, never
    more than that.
  • üEntries on a Works Cited page are called
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC entries, which means Biblio- BOOK
    and graphic-WRITING.
  • ü The entries on the Works Cited page are in
    ALPHABETICAL order.

28
General Info. About Works Cited
  • ü  When you alphabetize, you alphabetize by the
    FIRST word of the bibliographic entry, unless it
    begins with the three English articles, A , AN ,
    and THE. You ignore these words and alphabetize
    by the SECOND word in the title.
  • You do not INDENT the first line of a
    bibliographic entry, but you do indent the
    SECOND line of a bibliographic entry. It is the
    opposite of a PARAGRAPH in an essay where you
    indent the FIRST line.

29
General Info. About Works Cited
  • All of your SOURCES must be DOCUMENTED in your
    paper, so be sure to put only the sources you
    used on your Works Cited page.
  • Every PERIOD, COMMA, and COLON are very
    important, so do not get careless when you create
    your entries.

30
Works Cited Page Books
Basic Format Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book.
Place of Publication Publisher, Year of
Publication. Medium of Publication. Examples Gle
ick, James. Chaos Making a New Science. New
York Penguin, 1987. Print. Gillespie,
Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide
to Peer Tutoring. Boston Allyn, 2000.
Print. Palmer, William J. Dickens and New
Historicism. New York St. Martin's, 1997.
Print. ---. The Films of the Eighties A Social
History. Carbondale Southern Illinois UP,
1993. Print.
31
Practice with a BOOK!
32
Bibliography Cards
33
Works Cited Page Web
Web Source Format Editor, author, or compiler
name (if available). Article Name. Name of
Site. Name of institution/organization
affiliated with the site (sponsor or
publisher). Date of last update. Medium of
publication. Date of access.
34
Works Cited Page Web
Examples Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing
the Living Web. A List Apart For People
Who Make Websites. A List Apart Mag., 16
Aug. 2002. Web. 4 May 2009. Felluga, Dino. Guide
to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U,
28 Nov. 2003. Web. 10 May 2006. "How to Make
Vegetarian Chili." eHow.com. eHow, n.d. Web.
24 Feb. 2009.
35
Practice with a WEBSITE!
  • iOS7 What iPhone, iPad owners need to know

36
Bibliography Cards
37
NOW ITS YOUR TURN
  • Look at your SOURCES TEMPLATE from Google
    Classroom to find your webpages. Then, begin
    filling out your INTERNET SOURCES LIST.

38
Citation Maker
  • Example Internet Source
  • Best Citation Maker
  • http//www.bibme.org/mla
  • It does bibliographic entries for your Works
    Cited Page AND Parenthetical Documentation.

39
TYPE ROUGH DRAFT WORKS CITED PAGE
  • Begin typing this in your RESEARCH PAPER 1ST
    DRAFT on Google Classroom
  • Add your Bibliographic Entries as you find them.

40
PARENTHETICAL DOCUMENTATION
41
What about IN-TEXT citation?
  • An in-text citation (or parenthetical
    documentation) is like a sign post for your
    reader. It points them in the direction of a
    particular source on your Works Cited page.

42
What if I have two sources with the same author
or title?
Barnes Noble 1315 North Milwaukee Boise, ID
83704 Barnes Noble 800 Bolyston Street Suite
179 Boston, MA 02199
43
  • Barnes Noble
  • 1315 North Milwaukee
  • Boise, ID 83704
  • Barnes Noble
  • 800 Bolyston Street
  • Suite 179
  • Boston, MA 02199

44
  • Find a way to distinguish between the two and be
    consistent!
  • (Barnes Noble, Boise)
  • (Barnes Noble, Boston)

45
Parenthetical Documentation
46
Parenthetical Documentation
  • How much of my paper should be documented?
  • You do not have to document your TOPIC or
    TRANSITION sentence because you wrote them. The
    rest of every body paragraph must be from a
    SOURCE, and must be documented.
  • How do you document?
  • To document, you put important information in
    PARENTHESIS after the information you have
    QUOTED, PARAPHRASED, or SUMMARIZED.

47
Author-Page Style
In-text Example Wordsworth stated that Romantic
poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of
powerful feelings" (263). Romantic poetry is
characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of
powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263). Wordsworth
extensively explored the role of emotion in the
creative process (263). Corresponding Works Cited
Entry Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads.
London Oxford U.P., 1967. Print.
48
Print Source with Author
In-text Example Human beings have been described
by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals"
(3). Human beings have been described as
"symbol-using animals" (Burke 3).
49
Print Source with Author
  • Corresponding Works Cited Entry
  • Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action
    Essays
  • on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley U
    of
  • California P, 1966. Print.

50
With Unknown Author
In-text Example We see so many global warming
hotspots in North America likely because this
region has more readily accessible climatic data
and more comprehensive programs to monitor and
study environmental change . . . (Impact of
Global Warming 6).
51
With Unknown Author
  • Corresponding Works Cited Entry
  • The Impact of Global Warming in North America.
  • GLOBAL WARMING Early Signs. 1999. Web. 23
    Mar.
  • 2009.

52
Where do you put the period?
53
In-Text Citations
  • 1 sentence
  • In 2013, more than 59 percent of the population
    still believed that more than one person was
    involved in the murder of John F. Kennedy (Who
    shot the president 78).

54
In-Text Citations
  • More than 1 sentence
  • In contrast to the conclusions of the Warren
    Commission, the United States House Select
    Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) concluded in
    1978 that Kennedy was probably assassinated as a
    result of a conspiracy. The HSCA found the
    original FBI investigation and the Warren
    Commission Report to be seriously flawed. While
    agreeing with the Commission that Oswald fired
    all the shots which caused the wounds to Kennedy
    and Connally, the HSCA stated that there were at
    least four shots fired (only three of which could
    be linked to Oswald) and that there was a high
    probability that two gunmen fired at the
    President. (Who Shot JFK 56-58)

55
In-Text Citations
  • More than one source in a sentence
  • Although some medical ethicists claim that
    cloning will lead to designer children (Miller
    12), others note that the advantages for medical
    research outweigh this consideration (James 46).

56
  • Bennett 5
  • Works Cited
  • Food in Germany. Foods Around the World. 6
    February 2007. Web. 30
  • January 2010.
  • German Culture. Berlin Deutschland Publishing,
    2007. Print.
  • Schaefer, Laurie. Personal Interview. 5 February
    2007.
  • Wooten, Meredith. I Love Kraut. Pfafftown Tabor
    Publishers, 1999.
  • Print.
  • Zimmermeyer, Dave. Soccer, the Unknown Sport.
    Sports Unlimited. 5
  • March 2009. Web. 2 February 2010.

57
  • Food is an interesting aspect of Germanys
    culture. This first and second sentence of the
    paragraph are from an Internet source without an
    author, which is very common for Internet
    sources. The Internet source is only three pages
    long, and you know that because the printout
    tells you in the upper right hand corner( Food
    in Germany 1-3) The next two sentences are from
    a brochure, which is always documented as if it
    is a book. Often, because brochures are written
    by advertising agencies, you will not have an
    author, so remember that you just use the title,
    which you can usually find on the front cover of
    the brochure (German Culture 1) This one sentence
    is from an interview with one of your favorite
    teachers who traveled to Germany this teacher
    gave some wonderful insight into the food of the
    country and how much she loved it (Schaefer
    Interview) The final three sentences are from a
    book with an author. You found this great
    information on food to finish the paragraph. The
    page numbers that you used were pages 1121-1123
    (Wooten 1121-1123) Many spectators at the popular
    sports in Germany enjoy eating these wonderful
    foods.

58
TO REVIEW
  • Why do they need to include the year of
    publication?
  • Because it's part of the address.
  • Why don't they copy and paste the URL from a
    database source?
  • Because it's bad directions.
  • Why do we need in-text citations?
  • They're a sign post for your reader.

59
Citation Maker
  • Example Internet Source
  • Best Citation Maker
  • http//www.bibme.org/mla
  • It does bibliographic entries for your Works
    Cited Page AND Parenthetical Documentation.

60
  • William College Libraries  Citation Game
  • William College Libraries  MLA Master Blaster
    Game
  • Grammar Quizzes  Citation Game
  • University of Washington  Citation Game

61
Research Paper Organization
62
What are you trying to tell your audience?
Start with your Basic topic
63
Then figure out why your topic is important
Examples --the impact of the atomic bomb on
modern warfare ----the assassination of JFK
remains one of the biggest and most controversial
American mysteries to date --the battle of
Antietam was one of the bloodiest battles in
American history
64
What does your audience need to know about your
topic to be informed?EXAMPLE TOPIC Stock
Market Crash of 1929
Group similar sub-topics together
Roaring 20s Flappers, Jazz Age, Prohibition
Increase of Debt
Billions of Lost
Great Depression
Low Wages
20s Decade Causes of Crash
Effects of Crash
65
Add supporting details and extra information
1920s Decade
-Fashion changed with the flappers -Jazz music
blossomed with artists like Duke
Ellington -Prohibition was the ban on alcohol,
put into law with the 18th Amendment, and it led
to bootlegging.
66
LOOK AT THESIS WRITING HANDOUT IN GOOGLE CLASSROOM
67
What is a thesis statement?
  • A thesis statement is an opinion-based sentence
    that names the topic of your paper. It is the
    last sentence in your introduction.

68
A thesis statement must do three things
  • Make a claim (that is debatable)
  • Be supportable with research
  • Be specific and narrow (only covering what is
    discussed in paper)
  • Be expressed in one sentence
  • You may need to revise it after youve written
    your paper in its entirety.

69
Weak
  • Drug addiction is a big problem.

Strong
Drug addiction has caused a huge increase in
violent crimes.
70
Weak
  • Home and schools.

Strong
Parents need to participate more in the education
of their children.
71
Weak
  • I want to share some thoughts with you about the
    space program.

Strong
The space program is a waste of money.
72
  • Never use first (I, me, we, my, mine, our) or
    second (you, your) person in your final thesis
    statement. Its too informal.

73
Write a belief statement about your topic
  • I believe.
  • Example I believe that the SAT tests should be
    eliminated.

74
Now add a fact to the belief statement
  • I believe.because.
  • Example I believe that the SAT tests should be
    eliminated because they cannot predict success in
    college.

75
Finally, take away your I believe statement and
you have your thesis!
  • Example SAT tests should be eliminated because
    they cannot predict success in college.

76
Day 2
  • Contents of RP
  • Introduction
  • Body Paragraphs
  • Conclusion

77
Sample 1st Page
78
PARAPHRASING AND SUMMARIZING
79
Paraphrasing and Summarizing
  • Definition of Paraphrasing A restatement of a
    text or passage in another form or other words.
  • Include ALL of the ideas mentioned in the
    original passage
  • Follow the ORIGINAL order of ideas
  • Keep the length approximately the SAME as the
    original
  • Do not add your own thoughts or views

80
Paraphrasing and Summarizing
  • Definition of Summary Presenting the substance
    in a condensed form by reducing to its main
    points
  • Include only the MAIN points of the original
    passage
  • Do NOT worry about following the original order
    of ideas
  • Keep the length to between ¼ and ½ of the length
    of the original
  • Do not add your own thoughts or ideas

81
Paraphrasing and Summarizing
  • Original Text
  • Australian cuisine has the most diverse range,
    quality, and inventiveness than many others in
    the world. Australia is also well known for its
    fresh ingredients such as seafood, local fruits,
    beef and lamb, as well as its world class
    cheeses (Food 1)
  • Paraphrased Text Which parts of this
    paraphrasing are too close to the original?
  • Australian food is considered to have a wide
    range and is best known
  • for its quality and uniqueness when compared to
    many others in the
  • world. They are also famous for their fresh
    ingredients, such as
  • seafood, local fruits, beef and lamb, as well as
    its world class
  • cheeses. 

82
Paraphrasing and Summarizing
  • Original Text
  • Australian cuisine has the most diverse range,
    quality, and inventiveness than many others in
    the world. Australia is also well known for its
    fresh ingredients such as seafood, local fruits,
    beef and lamb, as well as its world class
    cheeses (Food 1)
  • Summarized Text What could be added to make this
    a more effective summary?
  • Food in Australia is world famous for its wide
    range and unique
  • flavors.

83
The Introduction
84
The Introduction
  • The Hookopening sentence that catches the
    readers attention
  • Quote from a source
  • Startling Statement/fact/statistic (use a
    misconception about the topic)
  • Vivid word picture description (of a scene or
    story related to topic)
  • Image bursts (Ancient buildings. Spicy food.
    Colorful clothing.)
  • Rhetorical question (make sure it is appropriate
    and thought-provoking)

85
The Introduction
  • The Link-bridge between hook thesis statement,
    explaining the significance of the hook
  • All Hard Core Rock musicians are
  • drug-seeking Satan worshippers who
  • are hardened criminals. This is a
  • misconception that many people share
  • about those who perform Hard Core Rock
  • music, but this is not an accurate
  • image of all of these artists.

86
The Introduction
  • Thesis Statementpurpose of paper and preview of
    points
  • Hard Core Rock music is a genre that is
    misunderstood because the positive message is
    often overlooked.
  • Write your thesis from your worksheet in the box
    on your handout.

87
Body Paragraphs
88
Writing Paragraphs
  • Organized around one controlling idea that is
    usually stated in a topic sentence
  • Made up of supporting sentences that develop the
    main idea
  • Typically 5-8 sentences
  • Topic Sentence doesnt have to be the first
    sentence (you can begin a paragraph with details
    that build up to a summary topic sentence)
  • Topic Sentence formula topic something
    particular about the topic
  • You should always be able to find a topic
    sentence in a paragraph!

89
Body Paragraphs
  • Topic Sentenceclearly identifies main point of
    the paragraphit is like a mini thesis statement
    for each paragraph.
  • The variety of cuisine in Brussels provides a
    delicious culinary experience.
  • Write a topic sentence for each of your body
    paragraphs.

90
Body Paragraphs
  • Transition sentence to next point (reviews
    current paragraph and previews relationship with
    next paragraph it is the puzzle piece that
    connects your paragraphs).
  • Belgians enjoy eating their delicious food while
    watching popular sporting events.
  • Write a transition statement for each of your
    body paragraphs. The last body paragraphs
    transition sentence is a summary of that
    paragraphs main idea.

91
Body Paragraphs
  • Meat of the paragraph
  • Find information about the topic of each
    paragraph and put it in your own words.
  • Start writing after the topic sentence.
  • Make sure you are putting the information in a
    logical order and are paraphrasing correctly!
  • Dont forget to document at the end of each block
    of information you paraphrase from a source.

92
The Conclusion
  • Restate Thesis (paraphrase your own thesisno
    more than three words in a row from the original)
  • NEVER BEGIN WITH
  • IN CONCLUSION or As you can see, or As
    already stated,

93
The Conclusion
  • Intensified Insight leading into a
  • quote (Give any final thoughts and lead into a
    quote that you find in your source.)
  • People should make informed decisions about Heavy
    Metal music before criticizing it. Neil Young
    agreed with this when he said, All that stuff
    about heavy metal and hard rock, I don't
    subscribe to any of that. It's all just
    musicWho's to say what is and isn't a certain
    type of music? (Young 1).

94
Reminders for your paper.
  • Make sure you have parenthetical documentation in
    EVERY PARAGRAPH and a Works Cited page.
  • ONLY 3 Direct Quotes Allowed.
  • No 1st or 2nd person (I, me, my, you, our, us,
    we)
  • No contractions (cant, wont, shouldnt)

95
Works Cited Page
  • Some information on this PowerPoint was copied
    from the following website
  • -The Basic Principles of Persuasive Writing.
    UBC Writing Centre. The University of British
    Colombia, 8 March 2010. Web. 23 March 2010.
  • -www.eNotes.com/topics/how-write-argumentative-ess
    ay

96
Starred Slides from Purdue OWL
  • Purdue Writing Lab Phone Number 765-494-3723
  • Purdue OWL http//owl.english.purdue.edu/
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