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Renaissance

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Title: Renaissance Author: Jenna Silvio Last modified by: Suffolk Public Schools Created Date: 9/7/2012 3:28:05 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance


1
Renaissance
  • SOL WHII.2

2
Late Medieval Period
  • 1300sAKA The Dark Ages
  • Marked with
  • Famine, Disease, War and Deathmany Europeans
    believed that the end was coming
  • Reflected in art

3
Art during the Dark Ages
4
Dark Ages
  • Faminewidespread crop failures leads to
    starvation
  • The plagueleads to death
  • 100 Years Warleads to death!

5
The Plague
  • 1347-rat infested trading ships from the Black
    Sea to Sicily
  • By 1348it reached Spain and France
  • Bubonic Plaguespread by fleas on rats (bites
  • Pneumonic Plagueairbornelungs-cough

6
The Plague Signs of Sickness
  • Red dots, swellingblack bruises, heavy sweats,
    coughing, horrible odor, internal bleeding
  • Life expectancy3-4 days
  • 1 out of 3 people died
  • 25-33 of Europe's Population
  • Ring Around the Rosies

7
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8
Plague led to hysteria!!!
  • People turned to magic/witchcraft
  • Pleasure seekingenjoy life before you die
  • Some felt it was a punishment from Godthey beat
    themselves for repentance
  • Blamed the Jews--persecution

9
The Black Death Caused
  • Economics were nearly ruinedloss of population
    resulted in a decrease in the number of craftsmen
  • Decrease in TRADE!!!!
  • Decrease in number of workers so serfs left Manor
    and farmland was abandoned
  • Increase in prices
  • Church declined

10
Church
  • Lacked strong leadership
  • Church was not able to offer peace of mind during
    the plague
  • Critics of Church corruption
  • People begin to doubt the church

11
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12
War
  • 1337-1453-England and France fought a series of
    conflictsHundred Years War
  • Both have been fighting over control of French
    lands
  • When Edward III (England) claimed the French
    thronewar erupted

13
  • The English King, Edward III, is the grandson of
    the last Capetian King on his mothers side.
  • The French do not want the throne to go to the
    English King, so they crown Philip VI, a nephew
    to the deceased king and cousin of Edward III

14
  • The wool industry Flanders was at this time the
    center of the European wool industry. Englands
    main source of revenue was the selling of wool to
    Flemish wool merchants.
  • France was gradually gaining control of Flanders
    and shutting out the English.
  • Edward III made a great deal of his income from
    profits on wool.
  • So in 1337 Edward III, threatened by having a
    large amount of his property and income taken
    away, declares war on Philip VI.

15
Joan of Arc
  • 17 year old peasant convinced the king to let her
    lead the French troops against Englandlead
    several victories
  • Was captured by Englishtried for witchcraft and
    burned at the stake
  • England was forced off of French landswith
    cannons

16
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17
Renaissance
  • Italian for rebirth (classical learning)
  • Intellectual and artistic revival
  • Focused on themes of Ancient Greece and Rome
  • Started in 1300sheight in 1500s
  • Started in Italy then spread throughout Europe

18
Why did it start in Italy?
  • First to recover from the Dark Ages
  • Trade revived in Italy first
  • Wealthy merchant class (MediciLorenzo the
    Magnificent)
  • They were big patrons of the arts (supporters of
    the arts)

19
Renaissance Cities
  • Florence, Venice, Genoa, Milan (North)cultural
    centers of trade
  • Romecentral
  • Naples--southern

20
Renaissance Literature
  • Writers focused on humanist ideals
  • Humanism mode of thought or action in which
    human interests, values, and dignity predominate
  • Emphasized religious and moral reform
  • Wrote in vernacular

21
Literature continued
  • MachiavelliThe Princeguide to gain/maintain
    power the end justifies the meansuse whatever
    is necessary to achieve their goals
  • Francisco Petrarchstarted a library of classical
    manuscripts wrote Sonnets to Laura

22
Literature continued
  • CervantesDon Quixotemocked Romantic notions of
    chivalry
  • ShakespeareRenown playwright
  • ComediesA Midsummer Nights Dream
  • HistoryRichard III
  • TragediesRomeo Juliet and Macbeth

23
Literature
  • Castiglione wrote a how to book explaining how
    to become Renaissance peopleThe Book of the
    Courtier

24
Reasons for the success of Renaissance Literature
  • Development of printing
  • 1300s papermaking
  • 1400s movable type
  • 1456 Johann Gutenburg (German)-printed a Bible
    with movable type
  • Books cheaper, easier to produce, more available

25
Renaissance Art
  • Still used religious images/figures (icons)
  • Revived classical form
  • Focused on realism
  • Used perspectivetechnique that gives art three
    dimensions

26
Leonardo da Vinci
  • Mona Lisa
  • Last Supper
  • Dissected corpses to study bones and muscles
  • Sketches of flying machines and undersea boats

27
Mona Lisa
Vitruvian Man
Last Supper
28
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29
Michelangelo
  • Davidstatue of the shepherd that killed Goliath
  • Designed the dome for St. Peters in Rome

30
Ceiling of Sistine Chapel Creation of Man
David
31
Raphael
  • School of Athensgathering of thinkers (Plato,
    Aristotle, )
  • Madonnamother of Christ portrayals

32
School of Athens
An example of a Madonna by Raphael
33
Northern Renaissance
  • 1450sregion of Flanders (todayN. France,
    Belgium and Netherlands)

34
Northern Artists
  • Albrecht DurerGerman studied in Italy returned
    homehelped to spread the Italian Renaissance to
    his homeland (nicknameGerman Leonardo)
  • Jan and Hubert van Eyckoil painters paintings

35
DurerA Young Hare
Durer--Eve
36
Jan van EyckThe Betrothal of the Arnolfini
Jan van EyckPortrait of a Man in a Turban
37
Northern Artists continued
  • Pieter Bruegelscenes of peasant life

38
Pieter BruegelThe Harvesters
Pieter BruegelNetherlandish Proverbs
39
Scholars
  • In addition to classical learningthey emphasized
    religious and moral reform
  • Desiderius Erasmus(Dutch) challenged corruption
    in the church In Praise of Follyused humor to
    highlight immoral behavior of the clergycalled
    for a vernacular translation of the Bible

40
Scholars
  • Sir Thomas More(English) Utopiawanted
    social/economic reform ideal societywhere
    people live in peace
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