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Judaism

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Title: What is Judaism? Author: Laura Last modified by: Josh Created Date: 8/4/2003 10:51:55 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Judaism


1
Judaism
2
F.O.A.
Write down what you think each symbol means.
3
Essential Question
  • How do you compare and contrast the tenets of the
    five major world religions?(7.1.3)

4
Today
  • Video
  • KWL
  • Video
  • Notes

5
KWL on Judaism
  1. One thing you know
  2. One thing you want to know
  3. One thing youve learned (at the end of class)

6
Whats this?
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Judaism is
  • A 4000 year old tradition
  • (Rabbi Harold Kushner, To Life)
  • A covenant relationship between God and the
    Hebrew people
  • A celebration and sanctification of life
  • A faith, a people, a way of life

8
As a faith, Jews Believe
  • In one God, creator of the universe
  • In prophets of old testament
  • In Torah (first five books of the Bible), the
    Hebrew Bible does not include the New Testament

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How is Judaism related to Christianity?
  • Judaism predates Christianity it is the
    foundation of Christianity but is not a part of
    it
  • Jesus was Jewish, as were his followers and the
    Apostles
  • Jews do not believe that Jesus was anything more
    than a good and wise man who lived and died 2000
    years ago Jews still await their messiah

12
  • The Jewish messiah would be a political figure
    who restores the Hebrew monarchy and causes peace
    to reign on Earth
  • Jews are not concerned about salvation and the
    world to come

13
As a people, Jews are
  • A nation in Diaspora (dispersed)
  • 15 16 million in worldwide population
  • United by a common heritage (an ethnic
    religion), yet divided into 4 forms
  • Orthodox
  • Reformed
  • Conservative
  • Messianic

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4 Types of Jews
  • Orthodox Jews Strictly obey all laws,
    especially dietary laws and Sabbath Laws
  • Conservative Jews Less strict than Orthodox yet
    do keep most laws
  • Reform Jews Believe in following Jewish
    principles not Jewish laws
  • Messianic Jews The only Jews that believe Jesus
    is the son of God. Retain Jewish forms of
    worship.

16
Kosher Dietary Laws
  • No Pork or Shell Fish Leviticus 117-10
  • No Meat or Dairy Products eaten together Exodus
    2219
  • Meat and dairy are served in different dishes.
  • Meat and dairy dishes are washed separately.

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Sabbath Laws
  • No work of any kind is allowed
  • No travel can occur
  • No using the telephone
  • No writing
  • No touching money
  • No posing for pictures
  • ETC.

28
A 4000 year old tradition
  • The Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (Israel)
    origins of the Hebrew people (more than 3800
    years ago)
  • Enslaved in ancient Egypt and freed by Moses
    (more than 3300 years ago)
  • Hebrew monarchy in the Promised Land (The Land
    of Israel), ends 6th century BCE

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As a way of life, Judaism is based on
  • 613 commandments found in Torah (Written Law)
  • Talmud (Oral Law) commentary of ancient
    rabbis that elaborates on how to apply Gods Law
    in everyday life through
  • Dietary rules (Kashrut/Kosher)
  • Dress and other symbols
  • Prayer to the one God
  • The Temple and Temple rites
  • Observance of Holy days

31
How does Judaism sanctify life?
  • Life cycle celebrations
  • Bar/Bat Mitzvah full adult status and
    responsibility within the religion

32
How does Judaism sanctify time?
  • The Jewish Holidays
  • High Holidays
  • Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year)
  • Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
  • Chanukah, the Festival of Lights

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Web resources
  • Judaism 101 http//jewfaq.org/ an online
    encyclopedia of Judaism, covering Jewish beliefs,
    people, places, things, language, scripture,
    holidays, practices and customs
  • ReligiousTolerance.org on Judaism
    http//www.religioustolerance.org/judaism.htm
  • This P0werpoint presentation available at
    http//www.nvcc.edu/home/lshulman/Rel232/resource/
    judaism.ppt

36
Homework 3-2-1
  • Write down three things you learned about
    Judaism.
  • Write down two things you find interesting about
    Judaism.
  • Write down one question you have about Judaism.

37
January 29, 2013
  • Put your homework on your desk
  • 1. Answer 2 on p. TN32.
  • 2. What is the holy book of Buddhism?
  • 3. Who is the founder of Buddhism?
  • 4. Which continent lies between the Indian and
    Atlantic Oceans?
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