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Essential Question. How do values shape art and government?

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Essential Question. How do values shape art and government? Art comparisons between Classical Rome, Western Europe and the Byzantine empires. A brief introduction to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Essential Question. How do values shape art and government?


1
Essential Question. How do values shape art and
government? Art comparisons between Classical
Rome, Western Europe and the Byzantine
empires. A brief introduction to Justinians
Byzantine Empire and the New Rome
2
Classical Roman Art
  • Realism 3D
  • Movement
  • Idealism
  • Wide variety of subject mater

3
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4
Use of Art during the Middle Ages (Western
Europe)

Showed daily life
Religious and hieratical
Taught religious themes
5
The most important figure is placed either
farthest top or center. Proportion was not a
value in art medieval art.
Middle Age art was Hierarchal.

Notice the King Charles of France 1350s being
crowned by the Pope and Bishops.
6
Middle Age Art and lack of Proportion

Medieval art lacked proportion. Usually
represented only in two dimensional space
Renaissance art was proportional and introduced
the appearance of three dimensional space
7
Byzantine Empire and Justinian The New Rome
  • Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora restores
    Constantinople and expands the empire.
  • His wife Theodora would co rule. This upset many
    as she has a reputation, well you know!!

8
Justinian's Code
  • Emperor of Constantinople and the Byzantine
    Empire, Justinian, refined many of the Roman laws
    from the 12 Tables and collected them all into
    one work. The Justinian Code, completed in AD
    529. These laws form the basis of all today's
    justice systems in the western world.

9
Byzantine Art Eastern Christian Empire
Icons usually featured a single figure. Essence
not realism was important
  • Art usually featured single religious figures
    called Icons.
  • Byzantine art seems to radiate and glow!!! Gold,
    glass mosaics were a dominant styles was in Rome

10
  • ICONOCLSAM Those who Oppose Icons. Iconoclast
  • There was a great debate during the 7th and 8th
    century's over the religious icons. the Greek
    Orthodox claimed Icons as idol worship.
  • Many were destroyed

11
  • Many loved the Icons because they put a face with
    the beloved saint, bible personality etc. The
    Icons won

12
Hagia Sophia - Constantinople
  • Justinians Great Byzantine Church

13
Elaborately painted and mosaic arches and vaults
and domes.

14
Byzantine Architecture
Rounded vaulted ceilings Huge Dome Space expanded
on Romes Domes
15

16
Why was Constantinople was called the New Rome?
  • Byzantine Empire continued to encourage learning
    speaking a common language in government,
    religion and daily life
  • There was a strong central Government
  • Common laws Justinians Code throughout the
    Empire
  • Grand public works. Baths, theaters.
  • Massive trade

17
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18
Hagia Sophia, Constantinople
  • Was turned into a Mosque when Constantinople fell
    to the Ottoman Empire in 1453

19
French Cathedrals

20
  • Height was everything. The taller the Cathedral
    the closer to god.
  • Town Pride and economic gains.
  • pilgrimages (holy journey) to see the churches
    and their relics ( holy artifacts, bones of a
    saint, a tooth, the wood of the cross. Brought
    pilgrims

21
  • The spire was the finger reaching towards heaven
    and god
  • Flying Buttresses kept the walls from pushing
    outward.

22
  • The layout of the church forms a cross

23
  • High vaulted ceilings. Little decoration on the
    inside. Light comes from stained Glass

24
Most could not read. Stain glass windows taught
religious stories and themes
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