FIRST STEPS: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – FIRST STEPS: PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 81b775-N2NjN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

FIRST STEPS:

Description:

FIRST STEPS : Joan Lombardi, Ph.D ... .. 200 million young children are at developmental risk ... children under six Disparities on the Bayley Cognitive Assessment ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:79
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 34
Provided by: JenL155
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: FIRST STEPS:


1
FIRST STEPS
Joan Lombardi, Ph.D. RESULTS July, 2012
Early Childhood Looking Back and Moving Forward
2
  • Progress
  • Challenges
  • Towards a National Strategy

3
  • Reflecting on history.
  • 1909 First White House Conference on the Care of
    Dependent Children
  • 1912 The Establishment of the Childrens Bureau
  • 1935 Title V Maternal and Child Health
  • 1965 Head Start

4
1970s -2008
  • The Child Care and Development Fund
  • The Childrens Health Insurance
  • The Education Goals
  • Early Head Start
  • State Prek Initiatives

5
Early childhood matters the case is strong, the
scientific evidence converges
  • Neuroscience
  • Molecular biology
  • Genomics
  • Developmental psychology
  • Epidemiology
  • Sociology
  • Economics

6
  • Relationships Matters, Health Matters

7
Adverse Childhood Experiences and Adult
Cardiovascular Disease
3.5
3
2.5
Odds Ratio
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
1
2
3
4
5,6
7,8
ACEs
Source Dong et al, 2004
8
New appreciation for the integrated nature of
early childhood development
Early Learning
Health, Nutrition and Mental Health
Family Support and Child Protection
9
New Vision
  • New Think
  • Old Think
  • Learning begins at school
  • Health or education
  • Care vs education
  • Child focus vs parent focus
  • Transition from preschool to school
  • Learning begins at birth
  • Health and education
  • Care and education
  • Two generations
  • Continuity prenatal- 8

10
More Recent Resources
  • Early Childhood Funding in the American Recovery
    and Reinvestment Act
  • The Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home
    Visiting Program
  • The Early Learning Challenge

11
Challenges
  • Inequality
  • Funding
  • The policy environment
  • The capacity of the field

12
Variation by state All children
13
Variation by state children under six
14
Disparities on the Bayley Cognitive Assessment
Between higher and lower income infants at 9 and
24 months
Source Halle, T., Forry, N., Hair, E., Perper,
K., Wandner, L., Wessel, J., Vick, J. (2009).
Disparities in Early Learning and Development
Lessons from the Early Childhood Longitudinal
Study Birth Cohort (ECLS-B). Washington, DC
Child Trends.
15
School readiness by Mothers Education Level
Percentage of First-time Kindergartners
Demonstrating Positive Indicators of School
Readiness by Mothers Education Level, 1998
Percent
Source Child Trends and Center for Health
Research. (2004). Early Child Development in
Social Context. Data from K. Denton, E.
Germino-Hausken, and J. West (project officer),
Americas Kindergartners, NCES 2000-070,
(Washington, DC U.S. Department of Education.
National Center for Education Statistics, 2000).
16
Child Well Being in Rich
Countries UNICEF Innocenti Research Center,
Report Card 7, 2007
17
The Facts about Child Care in the United States
  • Nearly 11 million children under age 5 spend time
    in some type of child care arrangement every week
  • On average the children of working mothers spend
    35 hours a week in child care
  • Child care expenses take a significant bite out
    of family income, particularly for low income
    families
  • Child Care Aware of America, 2012

18
Tightening Resources
  • Only 1 out of 6 eligible families are able to
    access child care assistance
  • Head Start serves less than half the eligible
    children
  • Early Head Start serves less than 5 percent of
    the eligible children

19
Quality and access threatened
  • Eligibility
  • Rates
  • Co-payments
  • Salaries
  • Other quality improvements

20
Lack of Child Care support effects families
  • Much of the progress made under ARRA in child
    care has stalled
  • Families in 37 states were worse off in 2011 than
    in 2010 due to one or more changes in state child
    care assistance policies such as more
    restrictive eligibility criteria, longer waiting
    lists, higher co-payments or lower provider
    reimbursement rates (National Womens Law Center)

21
Quality and Duration Matter (months of
developmental advantage on literacy)
Source E Melish, EPPE Study
22
Current Policy Environment
  • Gap between what science says and what policies
    support
  • Complex policy environment
  • Difficult to describe and navigate
  • Policies not aligned
  • Multiple human needs
  • Slow policy process

23
The Capacity of the Field
  • There are an estimated 2. 2 million individuals
    who are paid members of the early childhood
    workforce. They make up 30 of the instructional
    workforce.
  • Estimated 3.2 million individuals provide non
    paid non- parental care
  • Women working in early care earn 31 less than
    women with similar qualifications in other fields
  • Continued difficulty attracting and retaining
    staff
  • Higher education institutions do not have
    capacity to respond to the diversity of roles and
    amount of preparation needed to assure high
    quality
  • Workforce estimates by Rick Brandon, in The Early
    Childhood Care and Education Workforce
    Challenges and Opportunities, Institute of
    Medicine and National Research Council, 2012

24
  • Towards a National Strategy

25
Developing a National Plan for Upcoming
Reauthorizations
  • The Child Care and Development Fund
  • Head Start
  • Elementary and Secondary Education

26
Launching a campaign to support The economy
through Improved early childhood jobs
  • Build public awareness about the importance of
    the work and the contribution to the economy
  • Include early childhood in any job creation
    measures
  • Target funding to improve the capacity of higher
    education institutions
  • Create community infrastructure/networks to
    support early childhood providers

27
Creating New Voices and Uniting the
Generations (Source Generations United
28
  • Supporting a new generation of leaders

29
  • And thinking Across Borders..

30
The Lancet on Child Development 2007, 2011
  • 200 million young children are at developmental
    risk due to poverty, malnutrition, lack of early
    stimulation and other factors
  • There is growing evidence from countries in the
    global south that we can intervene early and make
    a difference

31
Children in the poorest households are less
likely than children in the richest household to
access early childhood education programmes
32
Preschool enrolment by region and income less
than 20 for poorer income quintiles
33
  • Keep moving forward!
About PowerShow.com