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Infectious Respiratory Diseases

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Infectious Respiratory Diseases Communicable Diseases Unit Lesson 2 Five Types Common cold Influenza Pneumonia Strep Throat Tuberculosis The Common Cold Over 200 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Infectious Respiratory Diseases


1
Infectious Respiratory Diseases
  • Communicable Diseases Unit
  • Lesson 2

2
Five Types
  • Common cold
  • Influenza
  • Pneumonia
  • Strep Throat
  • Tuberculosis

3
The Common Cold
  • Over 200 viruses can cause a cold
  • Virus that infects the nose
  • High levels of stress can increase chance of
    catching a cold
  • Exposed to cold weather/getting chilled does not
    cause a cold!
  • Takes about 2-7 days to show symptoms

4
The Common Cold
  • Transmission
  • Direct and indirect contact
  • Symptoms
  • Runny nose
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sneezing
  • Headache
  • Cough/sore throat
  • Last 2-14 days

5
The Common Cold
  • Treatment
  • Rest and fluids
  • Over-the-counter meds
  • Prevention
  • Good hygiene
  • Avoid close contact with infected people
  • Rest, fluids, and good diet

6
Influenza (The Flu)
  • Infection of the nose, throat, and lungs
  • Can cause complications (elderly, babies, people
    with chronic diseases)
  • Constantly changing (harder to form antibodies)

7
Influenza (The Flu)
  • Transmission
  • Direct and indirect contact
  • Can spread rapidly in crowded places
  • Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle aches
  • Others

8
Influenza (The Flu)
  • Treatment
  • Rest and fluids
  • Over-the-counter meds
  • Children and teens should not take aspirin if
    have the flu can lead to Reyes Syndrome
  • Prevention
  • Avoid contact with infected people
  • Good hygiene
  • Flu shots

9
Pneumonia
  • Infection in the lungs caused by bacteria,
    viruses, or other pathogens
  • Mild to severe and fatal
  • Transmission
  • Direct and indirect contact
  • Untreated respiratory infections

10
Pneumonia
  • Symptoms
  • Cough with mucus
  • Fever
  • Chest pain
  • Shallow/trouble breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Others

11
Pneumonia
  • Treatment
  • Antibiotics treat bacterial pneumonia
  • Viral may need hospital care
  • Prevention
  • Avoid contact with infected people
  • Good hygiene
  • Prompt treatment of respiratory infections

12
Strep Throat
  • Bacterial infection in throat
  • Can lead to rheumatic fever
  • Transmission
  • Direct and indirect contact
  • Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Sever sore throat
  • Red throat with sores

13
Strep Throat
  • Treatment
  • Antibiotics
  • Rest and fluids
  • Prevention
  • Avoid contact with infected people
  • Good hygiene

14
Tuberculosis
  • Bacterial infection in lungs
  • People with weakened immune systems more likely
    to contract (elderly, HIV infected, homeless,
    malnourished)
  • Transmission
  • Direct and indirect contact (airborne)

15
Tuberculosis
  • Symptoms
  • Mild cough and fever
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Coughing up blood
  • Treatment
  • Antibiotics (some pathogens are resistant)

16
Tuberculosis
  • Prevention
  • Avoid contact with infected people
  • Rooms with good ventilation reduce the risk of
    spreading TB
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