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Psychological Health

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Psychological Health A Brief Overview Positive Psychological Traits Self-actualization- fulfilling human potential to the fullest Realism- ability to accept what can ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Psychological Health


1
Psychological Health
  • A Brief Overview

2
Positive Psychological Traits
  • Self-actualization- fulfilling human potential to
    the fullest
  • Realism- ability to accept what can and cannot be
    changed
  • Self-esteem- satisfaction and confidence in self
  • Authenticity- being genuine
  • Capacity for Intimacy- ability to share and
    express feelings with others

3
Psychological Challenges
  • Achieving Healthy Self-Esteem
  • Being Less Defensive
  • Avoiding Cognitive Distortion
  • Being Optimistic
  • Dealing with Loneliness
  • Dealing with Anger

4
Mental Illness Facts
  • Mental illness are biologically based brain
    disorders.
  • Mental illnesses are not related to a persons
    character or intelligence.
  • About one in 17 Americans have some form of
    serious mental illness
  • Mental illness affects 1 in 5 families
  • The cost of untreated mental illnesses in the US
    is more than 100 billion a year!

5
Psychological Disorders(Anxiety Related)
  • Anxiety a feeling of fear that is not directed
    toward any definite threat
  • Simple or Specific Phobia a persistent fear of
    a specific thing, activity, or situation
  • Social Phobia fear of humiliation or
    embarrassment in front of others
  • Panic Disorder a syndrome of severe anxiety
    attacks accompanied by physical symptoms
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder characterized by
    excessive worry about all kinds of things

6
Psychological Disorders, (Anxiety) cont.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder uncontrollable,
    recurring thoughts and performing of senseless
    rituals
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder reliving
    traumatic events through dreams, flashbacks, and
    hallucinations

7
Mood Disorders
  • Seasonal affective disorder characterized by
    seasonal depression
  • Mania excessive elation, irritability,
    talkativeness, inflated self-esteem
  • Bipolar a mental illness characterized by
    alternating periods of depression and mania
  • Schizophrenia a mental illness involving a
    disturbance in thinking and in perceiving reality

8
Depression
  • Depression is the most common psychological
    disorder and the leading cause of suicide
  • One in three students experience prolonged
    periods of depression
  • One in four have suicidal thoughts
  • Over a lifetime, about 20 of females and 12 of
    males experience serious depression

9
Warning Signs of Serious Depression
  • Finding little or no pleasure in life
  • Feeling worthless or extremely guilty
  • Crying a lot for no particular reason
  • Withdrawing from other people
  • Having very low energy or too much energy
  • Having trouble concentrating
  • Feeling easily irritated or angry
  • Source The Jed Foundation

10
Treatment for Depression
  • Critical to recognize and seek professional help
    first and foremost
  • Drug therapy (Prozac most common drug
    approved for use with children and teens)
  • Cognitive-behavior therapy
  • Most effective treatment combines both!!!

11
Leading Causes of Death Among 15-25 Year Olds
  • 1stAccidental Death primarily motor vehicle
    accidents
  • 2ndHomicide primarily involving firearms
  • 3rdSuicide primary means involves firearms

12
Suicide Scary Stats
  • Suicide is actually the second leading cause of
    death among college students.
  • Suicide attempts pose the greatest
    life-threatening danger for college women.
  • The rate of suicide among young males has tripled
    since 1970.
  • There are almost 1,100 suicides projected to
    occur on campuses this year.
  • Among college students, 7.5 of every 100,000
    students take their own lives.

13
Scary Stats, cont.
  • Four out of five young adults who attempt suicide
    have given clear warnings.
  • One in 12 US college students makes a suicide
    plan.
  • Every hour and 45 minutes another young person
    commits suicide.

14
Suicide Alert List
  • P Previous Attempts
  • P Plan A Alone
  • L Lethality L Loss
  • A Availability S Substance
  • I Illness Abuse
  • D - Depression

15
More Suicide Facts
  • More females than males attempt suicide but more
    males are successful.
  • Most people who have committed suicide have
    talked about it to someone!
  • Talking with someone about suicide does not cause
    suicide!
  • Suicide is a permanent solution to a temporary
    problem!

16
Resources and Help
  • UWG offers FREE counseling and psychological
    services through the Student Development/Counselin
    g Center
  • http//www.westga.edu/prevent/index.php
  • National hotline 1-800-SUICIDE
  • Depression-screening www.depression-screening.org
  • Freedom from fear www.freedomfromfear.com

17
Website Resources, cont.
  • No Stigma www.nostigma.org
  • The Jed Foundation www.jedfoundation.org
  • National Mental Health Assoc. www.nmha.org
  • American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
    www.afsp.org
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