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Problem Solving Activities

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Geoff Day 2010. Problem Solving Activities. Perspectives on what they are, why we do them and how we approach the task – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Problem Solving Activities


1
Problem Solving Activities
  • Perspectives on what they are, why we do them and
    how we approach the task

Geoff Day 2010
2
Solution Seeking Activities
  • Perspectives on what they are, why we do them and
    how we approach the task

Geoff Day 2010
3
Stepping Back
  • Why are we willing to work to acquire solutions?
  • What drives and motivates us?
  • Necessity, desire . . . ?
  • Understanding, amusement . . . ?
  • What underlies the need?
  • Closure, satisfaction, competition, collaboration
    . . ?
  • All of the above?

4
Achieving a Solution
  • What are the skills and thinking tools involved?
  • How do we learn and think during solution
    seeking?
  • Is there a relationship between the strategies
    and approaches we take?
  • Are all problems actually similar or are there
    some differences that suggest different
    approaches?
  • Are we teaching students about solving all the
    kinds of problems they will meet?

5
Some Thoughts and Observations
  • People use the term Problem Solving in very
    different ways, often determined by background
    and areas of expertise
  • Could there be a universal Problem Solving
    model or are we trying to force one?
  • Are there any common characteristics?

6
Solution Seeking Activities
SPECTRUM OF METHODS?
7
Solution Seeking Activities
8
Solution Seeking Activities
LAWSRULES
9
Solution Seeking Activities
10
Solution Seeking Activities
11
Solution Seeking Activities
12
Solution Seeking Activities
KEY SOLUTION CHARACTERISTICS
ONE
MANY
13
Solution Seeking Activities
Major Families?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - PERCEPTION
LOGIC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
14
LOGIC LANGUAGE
  • What is the solution?
  • Can I and all others replicate the answer?
  • What should I exclude to give me the correct
    answer?
  • Can I prove that I am right?
  • Focus on reasoning, critical analysis, being
    right

15
PERCEPTION LANGUAGE
  • What is a solution?
  • How do I feel about what should be done?
  • What could I include to give me a possible
    answer?
  • Can I sense that this will work?
  • Focus on developing ideas being satisfied

16
Solution Seeking Activities
Examples in Society of the Families
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - PERCEPTION
LOGIC - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Analytical - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Creative
Researcher- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Designer
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Architects
Scientists - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
17
Logic . . . Scientist
  • What is the answer to my hypothesis?
  • What can I eliminate to ensure I am right?
  • Can I reduce the variables?
  • Criteria focus which criteria will prove that I
    am right?
  • Can I and others replicate the answer?

Analysis
Curiosity
Inquiry
18
Architect . . . Perception
  • What could be an answer to this need?
  • What could I bring together to solve it?
  • What other variables should I take into account?
  • Criteria focus what do I feel is the order of
    priority?
  • Can I sense that this will work?

Creativity
Synthesis
Design
19
A Problem of Simple Polarization?
Fuzzy Logic?
Chaos Theory?
LOGIC
PERCEPTION
Emergence?
20
Summary
  • Families more easily identified by our
    acceptance of their solutions, their evaluation
    and their characteristics.
  • Method of achieving a solution should not be
    confused with the acceptability, e.g. creativity
    and analysis appear in both
  • All approaches use similar tools, perhaps in a
    different order and emphasis, but with a
    different acceptable end-point.
  • Recognizing the family we are using gives clues
    for creating authentic activities for students
    and appropriate assessment.
  • Students need to experience both Inquiry and
    Design in every subject because it better
    reflects their real world.

21
Solution Seeking Activities
  • Perspectives on what they are, why we do them and
    how we approach the task

Geoff Day 2010
22
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