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Post WWII

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Title: Post WWII & The Cold War Author: carwyatt Last modified by: 4457 Created Date: 3/23/2006 1:38:36 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Post WWII


1
Post WWII The Cold War
SOL 12 C 13 A-D
2
Nuremburg Trials
  • International court 1945-1946 in Nuremburg,
    Germanytried Nazi leaders responsible for these
    murders in the concentration comps22 officials
    were charged 12executed 7life imprisonment
    3--acquitted

3
  • Goering (left) and Hess (right) during their
    criminal trials at Nuremberg in 1946 

4
Post WWII
  • United Nations
  • Aug. 1944Reps. From G.B., S.U., China and U.S
    New York-N.A. headquarters
  • Create a body to prevent future global wars
    promote equal rights and self-determination of
    peoples
  • Human Rights.wmv

5
Yalta Conference
  • Purpose to determine the fate of peace in
    Europe
  • To divide Germany and its capital into 4
    occupation zones
  • US, GB, and France unified zones create West
    Germany and West Berlin (democratic)
  • SUs zones became E Germany and E Berlin
    (communist)

6
http//www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1998/09/germany/east.w
est/germany.berlin.east.west.jpg
  • Division of Germanyand Division of Berlin

7
Effects of the Conference
  • Began feelings of mistrust
  • Divided Europe btwn democracy and communism
  • Created Stalins desire for a buffer zone

8
Post WWII
  • Germany divided into
  • East Germany
  • Dominated by Soviet Union
  • Didnt adopt democratic ideals

9
Post WWII
  • West Germany
  • Resumed self govt after a few yrs of Amer., Br,
    Fr. Occupation
  • Became democratic
  • Emerged with economic power

10
Post WWII
  • Berlin Airlift
  • Berlin Airlift and formation of Nato.wmv
  • Soviets held East Berlin hostage
  • USA Britain flew supplies over Berlin
  • Stalin lifted blockade May 1949

11
http//college.hmco.com/history/west/mosaic/chapte
r16/images/airlift.jpg
12
Post WWII
  • Berlin Wall-1961
  • Berlin Wall.wmv
  • Divided Berlin into East West
  • Democratic Communist
  • http//www.cnn.com/interactive/specials/9904/nato.
    timeline/content/07.berlin.wall.jpg

13
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14
IRON CURTAIN
  • Countries behind Iron Curtain are shaded red.
  • Winston Churchill
  • From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the
    Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the
    Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals
    of the ancient states of Central and Eastern
    Europe.

15
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16
Post WWII
  • Europe
  • Marshall Plan-
  • Massive American financial aid
  • Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan.wmv
  • Lay in ruins
  • (USA) provided lots of to rebuild Europe
    prevent the spread of communism

17
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18
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19
http//www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/03/m
aps/images/1948.marshall.gif
20
  • Containment a policy for preventing the
    expansion of communism
  • After WWIIU.S. policycontainment
  • Development of alliances against Soviet and
    Chinese aggression
  • Led to armed conflict in Korea and Vietnam
  • U.S. tried to contain or restrict communism to
    those countries of the world where it already
    existed

21
Cold War
  • Truman Doctrine
  • Promise that the U.S. would defend free peoples
  • Policy of Containment.wmv
  • containment of communism
  • Keep communism from spreading
  • Domino Theory

22
Deterrence vs. Detente
  • Deterrence
  • the act of deterring, especially deterring a
    nuclear attack by the capacity or threat of
    retaliating.
  • Détente
  • 1970srelaxation in international affairs during
    the Cold War
  • SALTStrategic Arms Limitation Talksagreed to
    limit number of stockpiled weapons

23
Cold War
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)North
    American headquarters in Norfolk!
  • Defensive alliance among the USA western Europe
    to prevent Soviet expansion

24
http//nato.usmission.gov/icons/q-map.gif
25
Cold War
  • Warsaw Pact
  • Soviet allies in eastern Europe form this as a
    response to NATO

26
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27
http//www.fritirak.dk/billeder/fidel_castro.jpgh
ttp//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/5/57/Fidel
Guerilla.JPG
28
The Cold War Cuba
  • 1950s Fidel Castro communist revolution
  • Cubans fled to Florida to escape communist rule
  • Pres. Eisenhower encouraged the CIA to train
    exiles attempt to overthrow Castro (Bay of Pigs
    Invasion)
  • Bay of Pigs.wmv

29
The Cold War Cuba
  • President Kennedy approved the Bay of Pigs
    invasion.
  • It was a complete disasterwithin two days
    Castros army had captured or killed most of the
    American supported invaders

30
Cold War
  • massive retaliation
  • Under Pres. Eisenhower
  • S.U. matched the USA in nuclear weaponry
  • Purpose was to prevent a nuclear strike by the
    Soviets

31
Post WWII
  • Japan
  • Occupied by American forces under MacArthurs
    administration
  • Adopted democratic govt with economic growth
    (dominate Asias economy)
  • Resumed self govt became a strong ally of the
    USA
  • Elimination of Japanese offensive military
    capabilities

32
Post WWII
  • China
  • Division of China into two nations at the end of
    the Chinese civil war 1949
  • Chiang Kai-shekNationalist China (island of
    Taiwan)
  • Mao-Tse-tungCommunist China (mainland
    China)participates in Korean conflict

33
Cold War
  • China taken over by communists increases Amer.
    Fears of communism
  • China the Soviet Union become bitter
    rivalsNixon exploits this!
  • Pres. Nixon visits communist China

34
http//www.nndb.com/people/110/000024038/richard-m
-nixon-sm.jpghttp//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi
a/en/thumb/f/fd/Nixon_meets_Mao_in_China_1972.gif/
250px-Nixon_meets_Mao_in_China_1972.gif
35
Cold War
  • Lasted from the end of WWII until 1989
  • USA democratic, free market economy
  • Soviet Union totalitarian govt, communist economy

36
Korean War
  • 1950s example of containment policy
  • Communist North Korea invaded South Korea
  • USA counterattacked North Korea
  • Start of Korean War.wmv

37
Korean War
  • Communist Chinese forces helped North Korea
  • Ended in a stalemate
  • South Korea free from communism
  • 38th Parallel
  • MacArthur dismissed and Korean Armistice.wmv

38
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39
http//www.atpm.com/7.01/washington-dc/images/kore
an-war-memorial.jpg
40
http//www.iris-conventions.com/images/200320-20
Virginia/Washington20DC/Korean20War20Memorial2
002.jpghttp//www.riley.army.mil/newspaper/Specia
ls/Korean_War/images/back_1426.gif
41
Vietnam War
  • Example of containment policy
  • North Vietnam (communist) tried to take over
    South Vietnam (17th Parallel)
  • Ho Chi Minh--Leader
  • USA helped South Vietnam resist!
  • TodayVietnam reunited communist country
  • Vietnam War.wmv

42
http//www.vietaround.com/images/vietnam_map.gifh
ttp//4umi.com/image/people/John_F_Kennedy.jpg
43
Vietnam War
  • Pres. John F. Kennedy began sending us over
  • Kennedy assassinated 1963
  • Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson intensified our buildup

44
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45
Vietnam War
  • USA repeatedly defeated North Vietnamese but
    couldnt force an end to the war!
  • USA was VERY divided over our involvement

46
http//www.qconline.com/progress99/images/week2/ch
icago-lg.jpg
47
Vietnam War
  • Richard Nixon elected as Pres. w/ pledge to end
    war!
  • Vietnamization replacing Amer. Troops w/ South
    Vietnamese troops
  • Failed S.U. supplied North Viet
  • detente under Nixon.wmv

48
http//www.etsu.edu/cas/history/resources/Private/
Faculty/Fac_From1877ChapterDoc/ChapterImages/Ch30R
ichardNixon.jpghttp//mooreslore.corante.com/arch
ives/images/vietnam20war.jpg
49
http//www.ronaldreaganweb.com/thesixties/images/v
ietnamwarsoldier.jpghttp//www.militarybadges.inf
o/nz-army/images/svn1.jpg
50
Vietnam War
  • 1975 North South Vietnam Communist!
  • Troops faced hostility when they came home!

51
http//asiahotels.net/vietnamesehotels/map-vietnam
.gif
52
Watergate Scandal
  • Nixon forced to resign as Pres.
  • Nixon trying to wire tape Dem. Party Headquarters
    to win 1972 election
  • Caught trying to cover it up!

53
http//my.brandeis.edu/news/images/bernstein_woodw
ard_ap_bild.jpg
54
The Cold War Cuba
  • S.U. stationed missiles in Cuba (Cuban Missile
    Crisis)
  • Kennedy ordered SU to remove them
  • They did!
  • (We had missiles in Turkey directed at them)
  • Cuban Missile Crisis.wmv

55
http//www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/img/hi07
004.gif
56
http//cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw3584.gi
f
57
The Cold War _at_ Home
  • Americans feared Communism the threat of a
    nuclear war
  • Schools drills to train children
  • Bomb shelters in basements
  • Public Service Announcement

58
http//flatrock.org.nz/topics/history/assets/fallo
ut_shelter.jpghttp//www.nebraskastudies.org/0900
/media/0901_013202.jpg
59
The Cold War _at_ Home
  • Alger Hiss Julius Ethel Rosenberg convicted
    of being Soviet spies (executed)
  • SU constructing nuclear weapons
  • Both of these increased Amer. Fears of communism!

60
http//images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/t
argets/images/pho/t304/T304755A.jpghttp//www.cnn
.com/SPECIALS/2001/okc/stories/rosenbergs.jpg
61
http//img.infoplease.com/images/home/rosenbergs.j
pg
62
Pres. John F. Kennedy
  • pay any price, bear any burden, meet any
    hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, in
    order to assure the survival and the success of
    liberty.
  • Ask not what your country can do for you ask
    what you can do for your country
  • Kennedy's Speech

63
http//www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/johnfkenn
edyinaugural.htm
64
http//www.john-f-kennedy.net/jfkandjacquelinehyan
nisport1960.jpghttp//images.google.com/imgres?im
gurlhttp//www.thecityreview.com/jackieo5.gifimg
refurlhttp//www.thecityreview.com/jackieo.htmlh
360w269sz41tbnida3k7dk18t0qpOMtbnh117tb
nw87hlenstart30prev/images3Fq3DJackie2BK
ennedy26start3D2026svnum3D1026hl3Den26lr3D
26ie3DUTF-826sa3DN
65
Pres. John F. Kennedy
  • WWII veteran assassinated in Dallas, TX 1963
  • Shook the nations confidence

66
http//images.google.com/imgres?imgurlhttp//www.
jfklancer.com/photos/bspatter/Jackie-resp.JPGimgr
efurlhttp//www.jfklancerforum.com/sherryg/images
/catalog_.htmlh372w288sz13tbnidGxbAA-FJIyo
adMtbnh118tbnw91hlenstart73prev/images
3Fq3DJackie2BKennedy26start3D6026svnum3D102
6hl3Den26lr3D26ie3DUTF-826sa3DN
67
http//gblx.cache.el-mundo.net/fotografia/2003/11/
kennedy/imagenes/funeral2.jpghttp//yesterdayradi
o.com/_images/_tapeimages/307kennedyfuneral_350.gi
f
68
http//www.ludwigdrummer.com/Articles/Bob20Parker
20of20The20Old20Guard/Figure204.jpg
69
http//www.vintageviews.org/vv-3/jfk/pix/jfk01_003
.JPG
70
Problems of the Soviet Union
  • Spending tons of to keep up w/ USA
  • Nationalism in Satellite Nations
  • Fast-Paced reforms
  • Economic inefficiency

71
Reagan the USSR
  • Reagan and Star Wars.wmv

72
Problems of the Soviet Union
  • Gorbachev glasnost perestroika openness
    economic restructuring


73
http//home.eircom.net/Images/Feeds/Reuters/UkNews
/2005-05-30T171458Z_01_NOOTR_RTRIDSP_2_OUKTP-RUSSI
A-GORBACHEV.jpg
74
Role of Pres. Reagan
  • Challenged moral legitimacy of SU
  • Berlin Wall Speech Mr. Gorbachev, tear down
    this wall
  • Increased US military economic pressure on SU
  • End of Cold War.wmv

75
http//www.dountoothers.org/teardownwall.jpghttp
//www.radford.edu/wkovarik/class/images/berlinwal
l.jpg
76
Josip Tito
  • Created a unique government in Yugoslavia, which
    included socialism

77
Slobodan Milosevic
  • Led to the breakup of the Yugoslavian federation.
    He ordered a program of ethnic cleansing. Who
    was he trying to get rid of?

78
Muslims
79
Genocide
  • The systematic and purposeful destruction of a
    racial, political, religious, or cultural group

80
Armenian Genocide
  • 1915-1916 Leaders of the Ottoman Empire led a
    genocide against the Armenian Christians

81
Joseph Stalin-Great Purge
  • 1932-1934 Joseph Stalin led a genocide against
    political opponents, peasants, members of the
    elite and people of Ukraine

82
Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge
  • 1975 The educated, artists, technicians, former
    government officials, monks, and minorities were
    slaughtered in Cambodia

83
Rwandan Genocide
  • Tutsis and Hutus are two ethnic groups living in
    the African nation of Rwanda and Burundi. In
    1994, the Hutu-led government decided to use the
    military against the Tutsi opposition. Between
    April and July 1994, as many as 800,000 Tutsis
    and moderate Hutus fled the country as refugees,
    fearing revenge by the Tutsis.

84
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85
Citations
  • http//www.zum.de/whkmla/histatlas/germany/194548.
    gif
  • http//www.loc.gov/exhibits/marshall/images/p4647.
    jpg
  • http//wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/31/3271
    6/figures/DIVI594.jpg
  • http//history.acusd.edu/gen/USPics2/16569.jpg
  • http//www.wwnorton.com/worlds/images/map11_3.jpg
  • http//www.shsu.edu/his_sub/koreamap.gif
  • http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/1d/Lynd
    onjohnson.jpg
  • http//www.geoffmetcalf.com/pentagon/images/6.jpg
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