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COMPOUND TENSES

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It is also called Complex Tense . It is a tense that requires an Auxiliary Verb in addition to the Ending at the end of the Verb Stem. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: COMPOUND TENSES


1
COMPOUND TENSES
It is also called Complex Tense. It is a tense
that requires an Auxiliary Verb in addition
to the Ending at the end of the Verb Stem.
Auxiliary?
Mère- Grand
What is a compound tense?
2
  • Often the verbs
  • Avoir (to have, i gael)
  • or
  • -Être (to be, i fod)
  • Are used.

Mère- Grand
It is another verb necessary to complete some
tenses like the Perfect and the Plu-Perfect.
What is an Auxiliary Verb?
3
il
a
jou
é
he
has
play
ed
Auxiliary verb In this case to have
Past Participle form of Active Verb
Let me show you what I mean with an example using
the Perfect tense of Jouer (to play, i Chwarae).
4
Present tense of to have or to be
Past Participle of Active verb
Perfect Tense
Imperfect tense of to have or to be
Past Participle of Active verb
Plu-Perfect Tense
So if I know the present and the imperfect tense
of to have or to be the Past Participle
of the active verb, I can construct the Perfect
and Plu-Perfect tenses in French
Click on me if you have forgotten what these
tenses are in English or Welsh and go to slides
8,9 and 10 lesson 1.
Yep! You could put it into this formula...
5
jou
J
é
ai
jou
J
é
avais
tu
jou
é
as
tu
jou
é
avais
il
jou
é
a
il
jou
é
avait
elle
jou
é
a
elle
jou
é
avait
nous
jou
é
avons
nous
jou
é
avions
ER verb JOUER
vous
jou
é
avez
vous
jou
é
aviez
ils
jou
é
ont
ils
jou
é
avaient
elles
jou
é
ont
elles
jou
é
avaient
Plus-que-Parfait
Passé composé
OK, well deal with the auxiliary to be in
another lesson.
Lets deal with verbs using to have to start
with.
6
fin
J
i
ai
fin
J
i
avais
tu
fin
i
as
tu
fin
i
avais
il
fin
i
a
il
fin
i
avait
elle
fin
i
a
elle
fin
i
avait
nous
fin
i
avons
nous
fin
i
avions
vous
fin
i
avez
vous
fin
i
aviez
ils
fin
i
ont
ils
fin
i
avaient
elles
fin
i
ont
elles
fin
i
avaient
Mère- Grand
Plus-que-Parfait
Passé composé
Oh Brillant, only the Past Participle changes
Hey, hey, hey! IR verb FINIR
Vaurien !
7
vend
J
u
ai
vend
J
u
avais
tu
vend
u
as
tu
vend
u
avais
il
vend
u
a
il
vend
u
avait
elle
vend
u
a
elle
vend
u
avait
nous
vend
u
avons
nous
vend
u
avions
vous
vend
u
avez
vous
vend
u
aviez
ils
vend
u
ont
ils
vend
u
avaient
elles
vend
u
ont
elles
vend
u
avaient
Plus-que-Parfait
Passé composé
Look, Mère-Grand! RE verb VENDRE
8
ER verb Practice
Click on the squirrels
Passé composé
Plus-que-Parfait
9
Click on the squirrels
iR verb Practice
Passé composé
Plus-que-Parfait
10
Re verb Practice
Click on us
Passé composé
Plus-que-Parfait
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