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Introducing Government in America

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Lack of political interest among young ... 1.2 Politics FIGURE 1.1: Political apathy among ... Presentation PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introducing Government in America


1
1
Introducing Government in America
2
1
Learning Objectives
Identify the key functions of government and
explain why they matter

1.1
Define politics in the context of democratic
government
1.2
3
1
Learning Objectives
Assess how citizens can have an impact on public
policy and how policies can impact people
1.3
Identify the key principles of democracy and
outline theories regarding how it works in
practice and the challenges democracy faces today
1.4
4
1.1
Government
  • What is government?
  • How should we govern?
  • What should government do?
  • Maintain a national defence
  • Provide public goods and services
  • Preserve order
  • Socialize the young
  • Collect taxes
  • Give an example of each of these.

5
1.1
Transfer of Power
6
1.1
Afghanistan
7
1.2
Politics
  • What is politics?
  • Who gets what, when, and how
  • Political participation
  • More than just voting

8
1.2
FIGURE 1.1 Political apathy among young and old
Americans, 19722008
9
1.2
FIGURE 1.2 Age and political knowledge, 1972 and
2008
10
1.2
FIGURE 1.3 Election turnout rates of young and
old Americans, 19722010
11
1.2
Politics
  • Single-issue groups
  • e.g., abortion

12
1.2
Abortion rally
13
1.3
FIGURE 1.4 The policymaking system
14
1.3
People Shape Policy
  • Linkage institutions
  • Policy agenda
  • Political issue
  • Policymaking institutions
  • Congress
  • Presidency
  • Courts
  • Linkage institutions
  • Policy agenda
  • Political issue
  • Policymaking institutions
  • Congress
  • Presidency
  • Courts

15
(No Transcript)
16
1.3
Table 1.1 Types of public policies
17
Traditional Democratic Theory
  • Key principles of the democratic process
    (according to Dahl)
  • Equality in voting
  • Effective participation
  • Enlightened understanding
  • Citizen control of the agenda
  • Inclusion
  • Majority rule and minority rights
  • Representation

1.4
18
Three Contemporary Theories of American Democracy
1.4
  • Pluralism
  • Groups of minorities working together
  • Elitism
  • Power is held by the wealthy
  • Hyperpluralism
  • Too many groups try to control policy
  • Pluralism
  • Groups of minorities working together
  • Elitism
  • Power is held by the wealthy
  • Hyperpluralism
  • Too many groups try to control policy

19
1.4
Challenges to Democracy
  • Increased complexity of issues
  • Limited participation in government
  • Diverse political interests
  • Policy gridlock
  • Escalating campaign costs

20
1.4
Super PAC contributions
21
1.4
American Political Culture and Democracy
  • Political culture based on American creed
  • Liberty
  • Egalitarianism
  • Individualism
  • Laissez-faire
  • Populism

22
1.4
FIGURE 1.5 Pride in equal treatment of groups in
the U.S. and other established democracies
23
1.4
American Political Culture and Democracy
  • Political culture based on American creed
  • Liberty
  • Egalitarianism
  • Individualism
  • Laissez-faire
  • Populism

24
1.4
A Culture War?
  • Polarization of liberal and conservative
    political culture
  • Is it happening?
  • Testing a crisis of values
  • Loss of traditional values
  • Less patriotism
  • Irreconcilable differences

25
1.5
How Active Is American Government?
  • Gross domestic product (GDP)
  • Government spends 1/3
  • Government employs 24 million people
  • Americans expect government to solve problems
  • Unemployment, terrorism, illegal immigration,
    energy, education, lack of access to health care

26
1
Lets Review Discussion Question
What are the three theories of policymaking in
the United States? Which theory seems most
plausible to you? Why?
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