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Title: January 12, 2015


1
January 12, 2015
  • 1. Get your new DG sheet off the table in front
    of my desk. Then, begin working quietly on DG
    41. We will go over it in a moment.
  • 2. I will also give back your introduction and
    conclusion paragraphs in a moment.

2
Poetry
3
What is Poetry?
  • Poetry is not the thing said but a way of saying
    it. A.E. Housman
  • Poetry is a language that tells us, through more
    or less emotional reaction, something that cannot
    be said. Edward Arlington Robinson

4
What is Poetry?
  • Poetry is a specialized use of language which
    works through emotions (not just thoughts) and is
    able to capture and convey things prose cannot.

5
Poetry Vs. Prose
  • Use of line structure Proses line lengths are
    determined by the page, but poetrys is
    determined by the poet
  • Special use of language In prose you can start
    slowly, but in poetry there are no introductions.
    Everything is compressed and every word and
    every aspect of a word counts

6
Poetry Vs. Prose
  • Use of sound In prose, sound effects can be a
    distraction. In poetry, paying attention to
    sound is a necessity
  • Appeals to the reader Poetry works through
    emotion and feeling rather than just thought

7
Poetry Vs. Prose
  • Poetic subject In prose, your subject is
    usually stated fairly clearly. In poetry,
    subject may be a feeling you get after reading
    the poets words that isnt named in the poem.
  • Complete comprehension In prose, you can skip
    over difficult words and parts and still get the
    gist of the meaning. In poetry, every word is
    necessary to understanding the whole.

8
Four Key Elements of Poetry
  • Appearance What the poem looks like
  • Meaning Every word counts
  • Sound What the poem sounds like
  • The Whole sound and sense are related

9
Six Strategies for Reading Poetry
  • Read onuntil there is a punctuation mark. Dont
    stop at the
  • of each line unless there is punctuation.
  • If youre confused, look for the subject and verb
  • Look for figures of speechand think about them.

10
Six Strategies (Cont.)
  • Listen to the sounds.
  • Read it over and over and over.
  • Perform the poem.

11
Figurative Language
  • Language based on some sort of comparison that is
    not literally true.
  • uses figures of speech to achieve this.

12
Figure of Speech
  • Word or words used to create an effect
  • In poetry they are used to compare one thing to
    another thing that seems to be entirely different
  • Examples simile, metaphor, personification

13
Simile
  • Figure of speech that uses the words like, as,
    than, or resembles to compare things that seem to
    have little or nothing in common.

14
Metaphor
  • Comparison between two unlike things without
    using the words like, as, than, or resembles.

15
Personification
  • Giving human qualities or characteristics to a
    non-human thing or idea
  • Ex the car coughed and sputtered as the engine
    ignited.

16
Hyperbole
  • A great exaggeration to emphasize strong feeling.
  • I will love you until all the seas go dry.

17
Symbol
  • Symbol-An object, setting event, animal, or a
    person who functions in a story as itself, but
    also stands for something more than itself.
  • An ordinary object, event, person, or animal to
    which we have attached extraordinary meaning and
    significance.
  • Guidelines for Finding Symbols
  • Often visual
  • Given a great deal of emphasis in the story
  • Form of figurative language so it will be
    identified with something that is very different
    from itself but that shares the same qualities.
  • Usually has something to do with a storys theme

18
Imagery
  • Language that appeals to the sensessight, sound
    , smell, touch, taste
  • The visual sense an author is attempting to
    create.

19
Mood
  • The feeling or attitude the author is attempting
    to create. This is what the reader feels.

20
Tone
  • The attitude of the writer or speaker toward the
    subject of the poem or the audience

21
Examples of Tone
  • Two war poems

22
Denotation
  • A words definition

23
Connotation
  • Positive or negative ideas or feelings associated
    with a word

24
Rhyme
  • Repetition of the accented vowel sound and all
    subsequent sounds in a word
  • Time/dime, lobster/mobster

25
Alliteration
  • Repetition of consonant sounds in words that
    appear close together
  • Ex Sea Fever

26
Assonance
  • Repetition of vowel sounds in words that appear
    close together
  • He gave a nod to the officer with the pocket.
    (the vowel o is being repeated)

27
Onomatopoeia
  • Use of words that sound like what they mean
  • Ex The Bells Edgar A. Poe

28
Rhythm
  • The alternation of stressed and unstressed
    syllables that makes the voice rise and fall
  • The beat of the poem

29
Stress
  • Emphasis given to a word or syllable

30
Meter
  • The pattern of rhythm in a poem
  • A strict rhythmic pattern of stressed and
    unstressed syllables

31
Poetic Feet
  • The placement of accented and unaccented
    syllables in words.
  • Consists of at least one stressed syllable and
    one or more unstressed syllables

32
How to understand rhythm in poetry
  • You have stressed and unstressed words (sometimes
    called accented and unaccented)
  • Unstressed/unaccented short
  • Stressed/ Accented long
  • Ex destroy
  • DE (short sound)
  • STROY (long sound)

We will look at this some more!
33
Five Types of Feet
  1. Iambic unstressed/stressed (destroy)
  2. Anapestic unstressed/unstressed/stressed
    (intervene)
  3. Trochaic stressed/unstressed (topsy)
  4. Dactylic stressed/unstressed/unstressed
    (merrily)
  5. Spondaic stressed/stressed (hum drum)

34
Line Length
  • The number of feet per line
  • One foot Monometer
  • Two feet Dimeter
  • Three feet Trimeter
  • Four feet Tetrameter
  • Five feet Pentameter
  • Six feet Hexameter
  • Seven feet Heptameter
  • Eight feet Octameter
  • \

35
So, what does Iambic pentameter mean?
  • It means that there are five occurrences within
    one line of poetry where the syllables match the
    meter of unstressed/ stressed.

36
Types of poetry
  • Narrative poetry- was a precursor to the modern
    novel and many of the world's great (and still
    popular) stories are written in verse.
  • Narrative poetry presents a story or account of
    events, and must therefore encompass the novel's
    requirements.
  • Has a plot, characters, and setting
  • There are several types of narrative poems
    dramatic poetry, ballads, and epics are some of
    the most common.

37
Examples of Narrative poetry
  • Dramatic poetry- poetry that is told from a
    characters point of view and reveals a situation
    or story.
  • Is a component of many classic plays
  • Noble characters deliver rhythmic, poetic
    speeches
  • Lower class characters speak in prose
  • Ex Julius Caesar
  • Ballad- A simple narrative poem, often of folk
    origin, bearing romantic and sentimental
    character, composed in short stanzas.
  • They were often used to spread the news, provide
    entertainment, or create a "bigger than real
    life" story.
  • Ex On Top of Spaghetti

38
Examples of Narrative poetry (contd)
  • Epic-An epic poem is a long poem narrating the
    heroic exploits of an individual in a way central
    to the beliefs and culture of his society.
  • Typical elements are fabulous adventures,
    superhuman deeds, and majestic language using the
    full range of literary devices.
  • Ex Iliad and Odyssey

39
Types of poetry (contd)
  • Lyrical poetry-historically lyrical poetry was
    any poem that was meant to be sung.
  • Modern definition of lyrical poetry a poem that
    is relatively short and relates an emotion or
    state of mind.
  • -Ex Sea Fever
  • Common types ode, elegy, sonnet, tanka, and
    haiku
  • Ode- poems of praise that often exhibit complex
    metrical patterns, specific rhyme schemes, and
    stanzas of ten or more lines each.
  • Elegy- poems of loss that express both praise for
    the dead and an element of consolation.

40
Types of Lyrical Poetry (contd)
  • Sonnet- a poem that uses only 14 lines where each
    line consists of 5 iambic feet. (you will learn
    more about this in 12th grade)
  • Haiku and Tanka- forms of poetry from the
    Japanese culture.
  • Both combine form, content, and language in a
    meaningful, yet compact form.
  • Both focus on everyday things. Many themes
    include nature, feelings, or experiences.
  • Usually they use simple words and grammar.
  • Neither rhymes and must "paint" a mental image in
    the reader's mind.
  • Major difference the number of lines and
    syllables

41
Haiku and Tanka
  • The most common form for Haiku is three short
    lines.
  • The first line usually contains five (5)
    syllables
  • the second line seven (7) syllables
  • the third line contains five (5) syllables.
  • Example of a Haiku
  • A crusty snowdrift,
  • sooty from a weeks traffic
  • Oh, for a warm day!

42
Example of a Tanka
  • The most common form for Tanka is five short
    lines.
  • The first line usually contains five (5)
    syllables
  • the second line seven (7) syllables
  • the third line contains five (5) syllables.
  • The 4th and 5th lines have (7) syllables
  • Example of a Tanka
  • The sun is blinding.
  • Glaring on the frozen lake,
  • Its fire without warmth.
  • Beneath the ice, the fish swim,
  • Oblivious

43
Other Forms of Poetry
  • Blank Verse- a poem with rhythm but no rhyme. So
    it has a beat but nothing rhymes.
  • Free Verse-Poetry which is free from metrical
    rules
  • Rhythm in free verse is created through
  • Rise and fall of voice
  • Pauses
  • Balance between long and short phrases

44
Example of Blank Verse
  • Excerpt from Macbeth by William Shakespeare
  • Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,
  • Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
  • To the last syllable of recorded time
  • And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
  • The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
  • Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player
  • That struts and frets his hour upon the stage
  • And then is heard no more it is a tale
  • Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
  • Signifying nothing.

45
Example of Free Verse
  • e. e. cummings
  • nobody looses all the time

46
Types of Poetry (contd)
  • Limerick-A light, humorous, nonsensical, or bawdy
    verse of five anapestic lines usually with the
    rhyme scheme aabba.
  • Example
  • There once was an old man from Esser,
  • Who's knowledge grew lesser and lesser.
  • It at last grew so small,
  • He knew nothing at all,
  • And now he's a college professor.

47
Question
  • Do you think modern songs today are poems?

48
Music as poetry
  • Overall, it can be argued that some songs can be
    classified as poetry. However, there are some
    requirements
  • Must fit the definition of poetry captures/
    conveys things prose cannot, uses figurative
    language, works through thoughts and emotions
  • Must fit into one of the defined types of
    poetry (lyrical, symbolic, extended metaphor,
    ballad, blank verse, or free verse)

49
Practice Poetry Analysis
  • We will analyze several songs for poetic
    elements. We will listen and read each song (as
    much as possible).
  • After listening to the song you will need
    complete part I of the Music as Poetry
    Assignment handout
  • Then pick ONE of the poems/songs and complete
    part II of the chart.

50
Warehouse-Dave Matthews Band So, I'm
leaving...This Warehouse frightens me.Has me
tied up in knots...Can't rest for a
Moment.Soon, I'm going...I'm slippin' slow
awayHoping to find something better...Than I've
got inside of here,And the Warehouse slips
away.Hey reckless mindDon't throw away your
playful beginningsYou and IWill fumble around
in the touches and be sure to...(Chorus) Leave
all the lights onSo we can see the black cat
changing colorsAnd who can walk under
laddersAnd swim as the tideTurns you around and
aroundHey we have foundBecoming one in a
millionSlip into the crowdThis question I found
in the gap in the sidewalk (Repeat Chorus) And
here I sitLife goes on, end of tunnel, TV
setSpot in the middleStatic fade, statistical
bitAnd soon I'll fade away, I'll fade awayBut
this I admit taste so goodHard to believe an end
to itSmell touch feelHow could this rhythm ever
quitBags packed on a planeHopefully to heaven,
yeahShut up, I'm thinkingI had a clue now it's
gone foreverSitting over these bonesYou can
read in whatever you're needing to(Repeat
Chorus) Life goes on, end of tunnel, TV setSpot
in the middleStatic fade, statistical bitAnd
soon I'll fade away, I'll fade awayThis I
admitSeems so goodHard to believe an end to
itWarehouse is bareNothing at all inside of
itThe walls and halls have disappearedThey've
disappeared, yeah... My love I love to stay
here (repeat)In a corner was wonderingIf a
change could be better than thisAnd then I
worry...Maybe things won't be better than they
have beenHere in the warehouseAt the
WarehouseAt the WarehouseHow I love to stay
hereAt the WarehouseEvery man and woman get
aliveThat's our blood down thereSeems poured
from the hands of angelsBut trickle into the
groundLeaves the Warehouse bare and emptyAnd
my heart's numbered beatStill echo in this empty
roomAnd the fear wells in meBut nothing seems
enough to defendSo I am going awayI am going
away...to the end.
51
Break Down Here-Julie Roberts Mile marker
203. The gas gauge leanin on the edge of EAnd
I'll be damned if the rain ain't pourin
downTheres somethin smokin underneath the
hoodIts a bangin and a clangin and it cant be
goodAnd its another 50 miles to the nearest
townEverything I owns in the back in a heafty
bagI'm out of cigarettes and I'm down to my last
drag.I'd sure hate to break down hereNothin up
ahead or in the rearview mirrorOut in the middle
of nowhere , nowhereI'm in trouble if these
wheels stop rollinSo God help me keep me movin
somehowDont let me start wishin I was with him
nowI made it this far without cryin a single
tearAnd I'd sure hate to break down here.Under
50 thousand miles agoBefore the bad blood and
busted radioYou said I was all you'd ever
needBut love is blind and little did I knowThat
you were just another dead end roadPaved with
pretty lies and broken dreamsBaby leavin you is
easier than being goneI dont know what I'll do
if one more thing goes wrong. I'd sure hate to
break down hereNothin up ahead or in the
rearview mirrorOut in the middle of nowhere
knowinI'm in trouble if these wheels stop
rollinSo God help me keep me movin somehowDont
let me start wishin I was with him nowI made it
this far without cryin a single tearAnd I'd sure
hate to break down here oh no (repeat) Mile
marker 215...
52
September in the Rain-Sarah Vaughan   The
leaves of brown came tumblin' down, rememberIn
September in the rainThe sun went out just like
a dying emberThat September in the rainTo
every word of love I heard you whisperThe
raindrops seemed to play a sweet refrainThough
spring is here, to me it's still SeptemberThat
September in the rain To every word of love I
heard you whisperThe raindrops seemed to play a
sweet refrainThough spring is here, to me it's
still SeptemberThat September in the rainThat
September in the rain
53
Everyday People-Sly and the Family
Stone   Sometimes I'm right then I can be
wrongMy own beliefs are in my songsA butcher, a
banker, a drummer and thenMakes no difference
what group I'm inI am everyday peopleThere is
a blue one who can't acceptThe green one for
living withA black ones tryin' to be a skinny
oneDifferent strokes for different folksAnd so
on and so on and scooby dooby doobyOoh sha
shaWe gotta live togetherI am no better and
neither are youWe're all the same whatever we
doYou love me you hate meYou know me and
thenStill can't figure out the bag I'm inI am
everyday peopleThere is a long manThat doesn't
like the short manFor being such a rich oneThat
will not help the poor oneDifferent strokes for
different folksAnd so on and so on scooby dooby
doobyOoh sha shaWe got to live togetherThere
is a yellow one that won't Accept the black
oneThat won't accept the red oneThat won't
accept the white oneDifferent strokes for
different folksAnd so on and so on andScooby
dooby doobyOoh sha shaI am everyday people
54
You Don't Mess Around With Jim-Jim
Croce Uptown got it's hustlersThe bowery got
it's bums42nd Street got Big Jim WalkerHe's a
pool-shootin' son of a gunYeah, he big and dumb
as a man can comeBut he stronger than a country
hossAnd when the bad folks all get together at
nightYou know they all call big Jim "Boss", just
becauseAnd they sayYou don't tug on Superman's
capeYou don't spit into the windYou don't pull
the mask off that old Lone RangerAnd you don't
mess around with JimWell outta south Alabama
came a country boyHe say I'm lookin' for a man
named JimI am a pool-shootin' boyMy name Willie
McCoyBut down home they call me SlimYeah I'm
lookin' for the king of 42nd StreetHe drivin' a
drop top CadillacLast week he took all my
moneyAnd it may sound funnyBut I come to get my
money backAnd everybody say Jack don't you
know And you don't tug on Superman's
capeYou don't spit into the windYou don't pull
the mask off that old Lone RangerAnd you don't
mess around with JimWell a hush fell over the
pool roomJimmy come boppin' in off the
streetAnd when the cuttin' were doneThe only
part that wasn't bloodyWas the soles of the big
man's feetYeah he were cut in in bout a hundred
placesAnd he were shot in a couple moreAnd you
better believeThey sung a different kind of
storyWhen big Jim hit the floor now they
sayYou don't tug on Superman's capeYou don't
spit into the windYou don't pull the mask off
that old Lone RangerAnd you don't mess around
with SlimYeah, big Jim got his hatFind out
where it's atAnd it's not hustlin' people
strange to youEven if you do got a two-piece
custom-made pool cueYeah you don't tug on
Superman's capeYou don't spit into the windYou
don't pull the mask off the old Lone RangerAnd
you don't mess around with Slim
55
For Those about to Rock, We Salute
You-ACDC    We roll tonight to the guitar
biteStand up and be counted for what you are
about to receiveWe are the dealersWe'll give
you everything you needHail hail to the good
timesCus rock has got the right of wayWe ain't
no legends ain't no causeWe're just livin' for
todayFor those about to rock, we salute youFor
those about to rock, we salute youWe rock at
dawn on the front lineLike a bolt right outta
the blueThe skies alight with a guitar
biteHeads will roll and rock tonightFor those
about to rock, we salute youFor those about to
rock, we salute youFor those about to rock, we
salute you, yes we doFor those about to rock, we
salute youSaluteWe're just a battery for hire
with the guitar fireReady and aimed at youPick
up your balls and load up your cannonFor a
twenty one gun saluteFor those about to
rockFireWe salute youFor those about to
rockWe salute youFor those about to
rockFireWe salute youFireWe salute you We
salute you, c'monFor those about to rock, we
salute youFor those about to rock, we salute
youFor those about to rock, we salute youFor
those about to rock, we salute youShoot,
shootShoot, shootFor those who giveFor those
who takeThose left highAnd those on the makeWe
salute youWe salute youWe salute you(Fire)
56
I Am Not my Hair-India Arie (featuring
Akon) See I can kinda recall Little ways back
small tryin' to bawl Always been black and my
hair I tried it all I even went flat, had a
gumdee curly top and all the crap, now Tryin' to
be appreciated Nappy headed brothers never had
no ladies Then I hit by the barber shop real
quick Had em give me little twist and it drove
them crazy And then I couldn't get no job No
corporate wouldn't hire no dreadlocks Then I
thought about my dogs on the block Kinda
understand why they chose a stealin' rock Was it
the hair that got me this far? (uh-huh) All
these girls these cribs these cars (uh-huh) Hate
to say it but it seem so flawed Cause success
didn't come 'till i cut it all off (uh-huh)
Little girl with the press and curl Age eight
I got a Jheri curl Thirteen then I got a relaxer
I was a source of so much laughter Fifteen when
it all broke off Eighteen and then I went all
natural February two thousand and two I Went
and did what I had to do Cause it was time to
change my life To become the women that I am
inside Ninety-seven dreadlocks all gone Looked
in the mirror for the first time and saw that
Hey... Chorus I am not my hair I am not
this skin I am not your ex-pec-tations no no I
am not my hair I am not this skin I am a soul
that lives within Good hair means curls and
waves Bad hair means you look like a slave At
the turn of the century It's time for us to
redefine who we be You can shave it off like a
South African beauty Or get in on lock like Bob
Marley You can rock it straight like Oprah
Winfrey If its not what's on your head It's
what's underneath and say Hey.... Repeat
Chorus Who cares if you don't like that With
nothin' to lose post it with a wave cap When the
cops tryin' to harass Cause I got waves But
he's sayin' nothin' like that Not in my days
(noo...) Now you gotta change all feeling's
Based on one another by their appearance Yes,
India I feel ya girl Now go on and talk the rest
of the world Does the way I wear my hair make
me a better person? (Whoa, whoa, whoa) Does the
way I wear my hair make me a better friend?
nooo... (Whoa, whoa, whoa) Does the way I wear
my hair determine my integrity? (Whoa, whoa,
whoa) I am expressing my creativity... Breast
cancer and chemotherapy Took away her crown and
glory She promised God if she was to survive
She would enjoy everyday of her life ooh... On
national television Her diamond eyes are
sparkling Bald headed like a full moon shining
Singing out to the whole wide world like Hey...
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