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Latin America

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Latin America Physical Geography 8.1 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Latin America


1
Latin America
  • Physical Geography
  • 8.1

2
Physical Geography
  • 8 mil sq. miles (equal to N.A.)
  • Made up of Middle America and South America
  • Caribbean sometimes debated as part of MA

3
Yellow- Caribbean Green- Central America Red-
Middle America Purple- South America All
together is LATIN AMERICA
4
Physical Geography
  • Caribbean aka West Indies
  • 3 parts Lesser Antilles, Greater Antilles,
    Bahamas
  • Brazil is largest and most pop. of SAs 13
    countries

5
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6
Highlands
  • Begins in Pac. Ranges/ Rockies? Mexicos Sierra
    Madre? CAs Central Highlands? SAs Andes
  • map pg 195
  • Crust collision, sits on Ring of Fire

7
Highlands
  • Mexicos Sierra Madre
  • Sierra Madre Oriental (eastern) Sierra Madre
    Occidental (western) meet at Sierra Madre del Sur
  • Surrounds Mxn Plateau
  • Mild climate, volcanic soil in South settlement

8
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9
Highlands
  • Most Caribbean islands part of Central Highlands
    (range goes across sea)
  • Volcanic islands
  • Some still active

10
Highlands
  • Andes Mtns
  • 4500 miles long, worlds longest
  • Cordilleras- several ranges running parallel
  • Encircle high plains (altiplano) in Peru Bolivia

11
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12
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13
Atacama Desert
  • Driest place on Earth!
  • Some areas have never received rainfall since
    recordkeeping began
  • More than a million ppl live here
  • Live near coast, oases, or farm with
    drip-irrigation
  • Fog Catching Net
  • Fog rolls in? condenses
  • on net? drips to pipes?
  • water crops

14
Highlands
  • Mato Grosso Plateau- from eastern Peru Bolivia
    to most of Brazil
  • Low pop.
  • Brazilian Highlands- from MGP to eastern Brazil,
    ends in escarpment (cliff)

15
Lowlands
  • Coastal plains along Brazils coast
  • Next to escarpment
  • Prime area for settlement/tourism
  • Llanos (Colombia Venezuela) Pampas (Argentina
    Uruguay)
  • Grazing plains, pampas breadbasket
  • Cowboys llaneros or gauchos

16
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17
WATER
  • MAs rivers are small, but SAs are HUGE!
  • Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte) is major one,
    though, outside SA
  • Amazon- 4000 miles (NYC to Rome, Italy)
  • 20 of Earths freshwater, 10X the volume of the
    Mississippi
  • Hundreds of sm. rivers join it? Amazon Basin
    (creates a valuable functional region) ? 40 of
    SA
  • Only navigable for 2300 miles from Atlantic

18
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19
WATER
  • Parana, Paraguay, Uruguay? next lrgst water
    system
  • Commercial highway, hydroelectricity
  • Flow into estuary (Rio de la Plata) before
    Atlantic

20
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21
Notice the intense terracing!!
  • Lake Titicaca- worlds highest (elev.) navigable
    lake (Andes- Peru Bolivia)
  • 12,500 ft above sea level
  • Center for Incas

22
WATER
  • Lake Titicaca is fed by rivers, melting glaciers,
    rainfall
  • Losing water with shorter rain seasons less
    glaciers (lowest since 1949)

23
Caribbean Sea
  • Lake Maracaibo- SAs largest (Venezuela)
  • Caribbean inlet
  • Rich oil fields

24
  • Lake Nicaragua- CAs largest lake (b/w Nicaragua
    Costa Rica)
  • Smaller than Titicaca
  • Has small volcanic islands w/in
  • Known for Caribbean pirates!

25
Resources
  • Oil Gulf of MX and southern Caribbean? MX and
    Venezuela are leaders in world (OPEC)
  • Leaders in gold, silver, emeralds, copper
    (ancient civs. prospered with them)
  • Problems geography, lack of , social/political
    unrest ? prevent development of resources

26
5 Min Video
  • Physical geography video
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