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Percy Bysshe Shelley

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Percy Bysshe Shelley Steve Wood TCCC 1792 Percy Bysshe Shelley is born, the oldest child of Sir Timothy Shelley and Elizabeth Pilford. Their children include: Percy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Percy Bysshe Shelley


1
Percy Bysshe Shelley
  • Steve Wood
  • TCCC

2
1792
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley is born, the oldest child of
    Sir Timothy Shelley and Elizabeth Pilford.
  • Their children include
  • Percy Bysshe 1792
  • Elizabeth 1794
  • Helen 1796
  • Mary 1797
  • Helen 1799
  • Margaret 1801
  • John 1806

3
1798
  • Shelley studies with his clergyman Reverend Evan
    Edwards.

4
1802-1804
  • Shelley attends Syon Academy, near London.

5
1804-1810
  • Shelley studies at Eton College.

6
1808
  • Shelley is engaged to his cousin Harriet Grove.

7
1810
  • Shelley breaks off his engagement.
  • Zastrozzi is published.
  • Original Poetry by Victor and Cazire is published
    and then withdrawn.
  • He enters University College, Oxford.
  • There he meets Thomas Jefferson Hogg.
  • Posthumous Fragments of Margaret Nicholson is
    published.
  • St. Irvyne is published.

8
1811
  • Shelley meets Harriet Westbrook in January.
  • In February Shelley and Hogg publish The
    Necessity of Atheism anonymously.
  • On March 25, Shelley and Hogg are expelled from
    Oxford.

9
1811
  • Shelley and Harriet Westbrook elope they are
    married in Scotland on August 29.
  • In the fall, Hogg tries to seduce Harriet.

10
1812
  • Shelley works on behalf of Irish independence he
    publishes a number of political pamphlets.

11
1812
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley begins a correspondence with
    William Godwin in January.
  • They meet for the first time in October.

12
1812
  • On November 11, Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin meets
    Percy Shelley when he and and his wife Harriet
    Westbrook dine with the Godwins. She is 15 he
    is 20.

13
1813
  • Queen Mab is published in May.
  • A daughter, Ianthe Shelley, is born on June 23.

14
1814
  • A Refutation of Deism is published.
  • Increasingly despondent over his growing passion
    for Mary, Shelley attempts suicide.

15
1814
  • On July 28, Mary and Percy Shelley elope to
    France, accompanied by Claire Clairmont. At the
    time, Harriet is five months pregnant.
  • Despite his own views concerning sexual freedom
    and marriage, William Godwin refuses any
    communication with his daughter for the next two
    and a half years.
  • They take a six-week tour through France,
    Switzerland, Germany, and Holland.

16
1814
  • While in Paris, they leave behind a box of
    papers.  Mary will later suspect it to contain
    letters "George Byron" uses to blackmail her in
    1845.
  • They return to London in September.  Mary is
    pregnant when they return.  Shelley eventually
    introduces Mary to a friend, Thomas Jefferson
    Hogg.
  • On November 30, Shelley's wife Harriet gives
    birth to a son (their second child) Charles.

17
1815
  • Sir Bysshe Shelley, Percys grandfather, dies.
    An annual income of 1000 pounds begins six months
    later.
  • In January, Hogg claims to be in love with Mary,
    while Percy may have been having an affair with
    Claire.
  • On February 22, Mary gives birth to a daughter,
    two months premature.  The daughter dies on March
    26.
  • Almost immediately, Mary gets pregnant again.

18
1816
  • On January 24, Mary gives birth to a son,
    William.
  • In February, the first volume of poems with
    Shelleys name on it appears Alastor or, The
    Spirit of Solitude, and Other Poems.
  • He lived, he died, he sung in solitude. from
    Alastor

19
1816
  • Claire begins to carry on an affair with Lord
    Byron.  Eventually, Mary, Percy, and Claire leave
    England to follow Byron (and to avoid Percy's
    creditors).  They settle in Geneva by the end of
    May, and live there for the summer.

20
1816
  • Mary Shelley begins Frankenstein in response to a
    ghost story contest and a dream.

21
1816
  • The family, including the now-pregnant Claire,
    returns to England at the end of the summer.
  • In October, Mary's half sister Fanny commits
    suicide.
  • In December, the drowned body of Shelley's wife
    Harriet is found.  Pregnant, she had been missing
    for a month.
  • On December 30, Shelley and Mary are married, and
    William Godwin finally reconciles with his
    daughter.

22
1817
  • Claire gives birth to Lord Byron's daughter
    (Alba, then later named Allegra by her father) in
    January.
  • In March, Shelley is denied custody of his
    children by Harriet.
  • Mary completes Frankenstein while she herself is
    pregnant for the third time.
  • She gives birth to a daughter, Clara, on
    September 2.

23
1818
  • Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus is
    published on March 11.  Several reviewers believe
    that Percy had actually written the novel.
  • Percy, meanwhile, is working on some of his most
    famous poetry, including Prometheus Unbound.

Shelley writing Prometheus Unbound by Joseph
Severn
24
1818
  • In the summer of 1818, Percy, Mary and the
    children chase Byron around Europe, trying to
    reconcile him with his daughter.
  • During a hurried journey in Italy in September,
    Clara gets sick and dies.

25
1818
  • On December 27, an infant Elena Adelaide is born
    in Naples. When the child is registered on
    February 27, 1819, the parents are listed as
    Percy Shelley and Marina Padurin. The identity
    of this child remains a mystery. Some theories
    claim the girl was Percy's illegitimate child
    other suggest that she was an infant he planned
    to adopt in order to replace Clara.

26
1819
  • The Shelleys continue to live in Italy.
  • Mary gets pregnant again early in the year.
  • On June 7, their son William dies of malaria.
  • We came to Italy thinking to do Shelleys health
    good but the climate is not by any means warm
    enough to be of benefit to him, yet it is that
    that has destroyed my two children (Letter from
    June 29, 1819).

27
1819
  • On November 12, Mary gives birth to the only
    child that would survive her and her husband
    they named this second son Percy Florence.

28
1820
  • Mary resumes writing.
  • Prometheus Unbound is published.
  • The Shelley family is blackmailed over the
    mysterious Elena Adelaide.  That child dies in
    June.

29
1821
  • Shelley writes A Defence of Poetry.
  • On February 23, Shelleys good friend John Keats
    dies of tuberculosis in Rome. Shelley writes
    Adonais in his memory.

30
1822
  • Allegra Byron dies in April.
  • On May 12, Shelley receives his boat, the Don
    Juan. He renames the boat Ariel.
  • Mary has a miscarriage on June 16.
  • Percy and Edward Williams sail to Leghorn on July
    1. On July 8, they set sail home to San Terenzo.
  • Sometime after July 8, Percy Shelley drowns in a
    sailing accident.  His body is found on July 18.

31
1822
  • Shelley is cremated near where his body was found.

32
1823
  • Percy Shelley's father initially refuses to
    support his grandson unless Mary gives him up
    she refuses. 
  • A second edition of Frankenstein is published. 
  • In July, Mary and her son Percy return to England.

33
1824
  • A volume of Percy's unpublished poems is
    published, a volume edited by Mary with a signed
    preface.  Mary then learns that Shelley's father
    will stop Percy Florence's allowance until she
    both stops publication and promises not to
    publish any more of her husband's writings in Sir
    Timothy's lifetime.  Mary reluctantly agrees.

34
1826
  • Mary's The Last Man is published.
  • It is an apocalyptic story of the end of the
    world, a type of story that would become a staple
    of science fiction.
  • It is also a thinly veiled portrait of both her
    husband and Lord Byron.

35
1826
  • After the publication of The Last Man, Shelleys
    father temporarily cuts off his support.
  • Shelleys son by his first wife dies, and Percy
    Florence becomes Sir Timothy Shelleys only male
    heir.

36
1838
  • Percy Shelley's father finally relents on
    allowing his son's works to be published,
    although he does not want any mention made of his
    son's life in an introduction or biographical
    sketch.

37
1839
  • Mary's four-volume edition of Poetical Words of
    Percy Bysshe Shelley is published she dedicates
    the edition to Percy Florence.  She gets around
    the prohibition of Shelley's father with her
    preface and notes to the individual poems.
  • She also edits and has published her husband's
    Essays, Letters from Abroad, Translations and
    Fragments.

38
1841
  • Percy Florence graduates from Trinity College.

39
1844
  • Percy Shelley's father dies Percy Florence
    inherits his estate and title.

40
1845
  • Someone claiming to be Lord Byron's son tries
    unsuccessfully to blackmail Mary.

41
1851
  • Mary dies on February 1.
  • Among her personal effects is found Percys
    heart, wrapped in a copy of his poem Adonais
    (written for his dead friend John Keats).
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