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The American Pageant

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Title: The American Pageant


1
The American Pageant
  • Chapter 13

2
Election of 1824
  • Republican only election

John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson and
William H. Crawford
Nationalist-Republicans Democratic Republicans
3
Election Results
4
The Corrupt Bargain
  • Jackson won majority of the popular vote, but not
    electoral
  • 12th amendment House votes between top 3
  • Henry Clay Speaker of House
  • Disliked Jackson held same ideals as Adams
  • Quincy Adams Appointed President
  • Clay became Secretary of State

5
House of Representatives Vote
6
John Quincy Adams (6th president)
  • Unproductive and unsupported president
  • Lacked character and disposition of most
    presidents
  • Nationalist in a growing sectionalist country
  • South against taxes and government in slavery
  • West against Adams desire to curb speculation

7
Election of 1828
  • Jackson elected over Quincy Adams as a
    Democratic-Republican
  • Strong southern support
  • 1st president elected from west (TN)

8
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9
Spoils System
  • Electing those who helped to elect you

10
Tariff of Abominations (1828)
  • Tariff on imported goods
  • Protected the north from European competition
  • Hurt the south
  • Lack of choice
  • Lack of say in tariff prices
  • Britain could not afford to pay for imports from
    U.S.

11
South Carolina Exposition and Protest
  • Written by V.P. Calhoun in response to the tariff
    after Jackson failed to repeal it
  • Warned of S.C. secession
  • Doctrine of nullification state had a right to
    reject federal law if unconstitutional

12
Attempts to Reconcile
  • Tariff of 1832 lowered tariff
  • Did not resolve tariff
  • Tariff of 1833 reduced tariff by 10 over 8
    years
  • Presented by Henry Clay (now a Senator)
  • Appeased South

13
Trail of Tears
  • Indian Removal Act (1830) moved 100,000 natives
    west of the Mississippi
  • 5 civilized tribes Cherokees, Creeks,
    Choctaws, Chickasaws and Seminoles hardest hit

14
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15
Jackson and the Bank
  • Bank too monopolistic and private institution who
    was accountable only to the elite

16
Bank War of 1832
  • Webster and Clay pushed to have charter renewed
  • Jackson vetoed the bill
  • "unauthorized by the Constitution, subversive to
    the rights of States, and dangerous to the
    liberties of the people
  • Bank charter expired in 1836

17
Election of 1832
  • New Party Nullifier
  • John Floyd
  • Won only SC
  • New Party Anti-Masonic Party
  • William Wirt
  • Opposed Masonic order (people of privilege and
    monopoly)
  • Jackson was a mason although he was against
    monopolies

18
Election of 1832
  • Jackson easily wins reelection against Clay
  • Van Buren V.P.

19
Financial Woes
  • Used National Banks to pay for government
    operations
  • Other federal funds put in pet banks
  • Smaller banks began producing wildcat currency
  • Unreliable
  • Specie Circular all public lands must be bought
    with hard currency
  • Led to panic of 1837

20
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21
The Whigs
  • Supported government programs, reforms and public
    schools
  • Internal improvements
  • Party of the Common Man
  • Democrats the party of corruption

22
Democrats
  • Rights of the individual
  • Supported states' rights fed
  • Federal restraint in social and economic affairs.

23
Election of 1836
24
Election of 1836
  • Van Buren elected
  • Whigs defeated because of lack of unity behind
    one person

25
Spain, Mexico and Texas
  • 1824 a poor Mexico declared independence from
    Spain
  • Loosened immigration restrictions to help prevent
    Native American raids
  • Texans led by Houston
  • 1830 Pres Bustamante prevented immigration,
    levied taxes and prohibited slavery

26
Lone Star Rebellion
  • Texas declared independence from Mexico in 1836
  • Sam Houston
  • Alamo
  • Texan defeat led to many joining army
  • Battle of San Jacinto
  • Defeat of Mexicans
  • Santa Anna captured forced to sign peace treaty
  • North did not want Texas admitted as a state
  • Not admitted to 1845

27
The Alamo
28
Battle of San Jacinto
29
Election of 1840
  • William Henry Harrison defeats Van Buren
  • Panic of 1837

30
Tippecanoe and Tyler Too
Heavily Campaigned
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