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The Historian: Why Study History ?: Jobs

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Joshua M. Curzan Last modified by: Joshua M. Curzan Created Date: 9/11/2009 3:53:52 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Historian: Why Study History ?: Jobs


1
The Historian Why Study History ? Jobs Tools
  • How do we know about the past?

2
Understanding the Past
What questions do historians ask to help them
understand the past?
3
History Helps Us Understand OUR WORLD
  • You cannot understand people if you do not
    understand their past
  • You cannot understand our community if you do not
    know how it came to be
  • You cannot understand our nation without history
  • You cannot understand our world if you do not
    understand history

4
Why Study History?
  • Studying history involves culture, religion,
    politics, economics
  • Historians seek patterns, explanations, causes
    and effects
  • - they seek insight into human nature, answer
    historical questions
  • - questions help them compare societies, draw
    conclusions about past

5
Asking Historical Questions
  • How have groups, societies interacted? What were
    the results?
  • How have leaders governed societies?
  • How have belief systems developed, changed?
  • How have societies dealt with differences among
    their people?
  • How have societies tried to protect people's
    security?
  • How are societies similar and different?

6
Jobs of the Historian
  • Historians have at least four different jobs
  • Each of these jobs is important to understand the
    past so we are able to understand ourselves, our
    society and our world

7
The Detective
  • Investigates the past
  • Determines what happened
  • Separates truth from fictions or
    misinterpretations
  • Separates out bias (prejudice) in historical
    writing to find the truth (or as close as
    possible)

8
The Storyteller
  • Tells the story of history to others
  • Teaches lessons, morals, and other learning of
    history
  • Entertains and fascinates with the epic story of
    our history

9
The Judge
  • Judges history and makes moral decisions.
    Example was someone evil or just misunderstood?
  • Ever heard the saying, We will see how history
    judges me/him/her?
  • Sorts what should be imitated and what should be
    discarded

10
The Philosopher
  • Is a reflector and may also be guessing on what
    was right or wrong
  • Thinks about important questions and attempts to
    pull out meaning from history
  • Not only wonders on the lessons of the past but
    also may attempt to predict the future

11
The End Is Just the Beginning
  • Are you willing to put on the four hats of
    historian and attempt to understand the past
  • In order to ensure a brighter future for
    yourself, for your family, for your community,
    for your nation, and for your world?

12
The Historians Tools
What methods do historians use to help them
answer questions about what happened in the past?
13
Primary Sources
  • Primary sourcesomething created by person who
    witnessed event
  • - letters, diaries, eyewitness articles, videos,
    speeches, artifacts

14
Oral History
  • Some cultures have no written records
  • Oral historyunwritten verbal accounts of events
  • - stories, customs, songs, histories, traditions
  • - passed from generation to generation

15
Secondary Sources
  • Secondary sourcecreated after event by person
    who didn't witness it
  • - books, paintings, media reports based on
    primary sources
  • - appear after event and can provide more
    balanced view of event

16
What TYPE OF SOURCE IS THIS?
17
What TYPE OF SOURCE IS THIS?
18
What TYPE OF SOURCE IS THIS?
19
How Knowledge of the Past Changes
What steps do historians take as they answer
historical questions?
20
Fact or Fiction?
  • Historians use evidence from sources to answer
    questions
  • - must sort through evidence, choose important,
    trustworthy evidence
  • Some information turns out to be false, like the
    mummy's curse
  • - many thought it killed archaeologists entering
    King Tuts tomb
  • - records proved the archaeologists lived to
    average age of 70 years

21
Drawing Conclusions
  • Some historians arrive at different conclusions
    using same facts
  • For example, the building of Stonehenge around
    3000 B.C.
  • - early theories claimed temple was built for
    priests
  • - later experts realized was finished before
    priests lived in area
  • - today some historians think builders were sun
    worshipers
  • - others think we'll never know its true purpose
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