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Europe: social practice, social policy and social education

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Title: Europe: social practice, social policy and social education


1
Europe social practice, social policy and social
education
  • Dr. Nol Reverda, lector CESRT/Hogeschool Zuyd

2
  1. The concept of Europe
  2. Europe and the rest some statistics
  3. Social practice in Europe
  4. Social policy in Europe
  5. Social education in Europe

3
Europe how many countries?
4
1. The Concept of Europe (1)
  • Geography (space)
  • What are the borders?
  • Russia, Turkey, Israel, Ceuta and Mellila,
    Canaric Islands, Caraibics?
  • Border problems and asylum seekers

5
Saint Martin (Caraibics)
6
The Concept of Europe (2)
  • History (time)
  • What are the main events?
  • Greek democracy, Roman Empire, Christianity,
    Humanism, Enlightenment
  • Very selective/biased Viking, Ottoman, Islam
    roots of history

7
Islam in Europe
8
Both European history/culture?
9
The Concept of Europe (3)
  • Institutions
  • European Union, Council of Europe, European Court
    of Justice, Organisation of Security and
    Co-operation in Europe

10
The Council of Europe
  • Sited in Strasbourg, France
  • 46 members, representing 800 million people
  • Intergovernmental body
  • Objective
  • Promotion of human rights and democracy

11
The European Union
  • Sited in Brussels
  • 25 member states (out of 47 European countries),
    representing 450 million people
  • Supranational body
  • Objective
  • Economic integration internal market and EMU
  • Political integration Constitution and Parliament

12
The Concept of Europe (4)
  • A Europe of Nation-States (47)
  • or
  • A Europe of cultures/regions (226)?
  • What are the dimensions of political, economic
    and social development?
  • Us and them single versus plural identities
    (Beck e.o.)

13
2. Europe and the rest
  • Some statistics

14
EU and the rest Surface area
15
EU and the rest Population
16
EU and the rest GDP
17
EU and US/Russia
18
3. Social practice in Europe
  • Same problems
  • Poverty
  • Homelessness
  • Disabled
  • Abuse
  • Etc.
  • Different answers
  • The need for cross-border exchange and learning
  • No immitation social practice is contextual

19
Social practice in Europe some common trends
  • Mobility and migration
  • Multiculturality versus etnocentrism/racism
  • Single versus plural identities
  • Need for differentiated provision/methods
  • Heterogeneous composition of social professional
    staff
  • Related, but specific topic
  • Forced mobility human trade (illegal labour,
    women and children)

20
Social practice in Europe
  • Triple ageing of poputation
  • More people of 65 (25 of EU population in 2035)
  • Longer life expectations of people of 65
  • Less children and youngsters (declining birth
    rate in Europe 1,6 child per family)
  • Crisis of the nationstate
  • Globalisation of politics, economy, culture and
    society McWorld
  • Localisation of politics, economy,culture and
    society traditions, language/dialects, cultural
    heritage)

21
Social practice in Europe
  • Transition from rural to industrial to
    knowledge-based society
  • Declining role of traditional institutions
    (religion, trade unions, political parties and
    ideological isms) and development of network
    society
  • Professional interaction international transfer
    of methods (homestart, hometraining)

22
4. Social Policy in Europe
23
Three EUs
  • Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) the Euro
  • European Political Union (EPU) the Constitution
    and the European Parliament
  • European Social Union (ESU)
  • Role of state in relation to responsibility for
    social exclusion investing in social security
    and social cohesion leads towards higher economic
    productivity
  • Not one, but five European Models of Welfare
    Provision

24
Five Models of the European Welfare State
  • Core question what welfare mix (state, market
    and civil society) is responsible for welfare
    delivery?
  • Identification of models/regimes
  • Social democratic (state nordic countries)
  • Liberal (market - UK)
  • Conservative (civil society - Germany)
  • Rudimentary (Portugal)
  • Countries/societies in transistion former
    communist countries (Hungary, Slovakia, etc.)

25
Common European Trends
  • Neo-liberalism
  • Less state (less taxation), more market, less
    solidarity
  • The principles of self-reliance and
    responsibilities of individual citizens/clients
  • Commodification of social services
  • Citizen as (critical) consumer
  • De-institutionalisation
  • Individualised care

26
5. Social Work Education in Europe
27
Social Work Education in Europe
  • European Social Work or Social Work in Europa?
  • Discussions about
  • Generic versus specific
  • Voluntarism and professionalism
  • Managerialism and value-based social work

28
Social Work Education in Europe
  • Various programmes
  • Social Work
  • Social Pedagogy
  • Community Work
  • Social Education (Denmark)
  • Special Education (Poland)
  • Advocacy/legal Work

29
Social Work Education in Europe
  • Various levels
  • Vocational training (no degree)
  • (University) Colleges/Polytechnics (BA)
  • Universities (MA)

30
Social Work Education in Europe
  • European Associations
  • EASSW
  • FESET
  • European Region of IFSW
  • AIEJI (social educators)
  • European Region of ICSW
  • Thematic Network Socrates
  • European Social Work commonalities and
    differences
  • Publication Campanini, A. en Frost, E. ed.(2004)
    European Social Work. Roma, Carocci Editore.
    ISBN 88-430-2967-330

31
Social Work Education in Europe the Bologna
Declaration
  • Objective
  • the most competitive knowledge based continent
    of the world
  • Introduction of a system of easily readable,
    compatible and comparable degrees BA/MA
  • Introduction of a European Credit Transfer
    System ECTS

32
Social Work Education in Europe the Bologna
Declaration
  • Promotion of student and staff mobility
  • Promotion of European co-operation of quality
    assurance
  • Promotion of the European dimension in higher
    education

33
Social Work Education in Europe the Bologna
Declaration
  • Academisation of education
  • BaMa structure
  • Ba 180 240 ECTS
  • Ma 60 120 ECTS
  • Generic Ba (starting certificate for labour
    market) and specific MA
  • Promotion of research
  • Development of European/international dimension
    of curriculum
  • Development of European system of quality
    control ENQASP

34
  • Two recent publications
  • Lyons, K. and Lawrence, S. (eds) (2006) Social
    work in Europe Educating for change. Birmingham,
    Venture Press.
  • Lorenz, W. (2006) Perspectives on European social
    work. Leverkusen, Verlag Barbara Budrich
  • Thanks for your attention
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