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Erik Homburger Erikson

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... that sexual development plays and that Freud had neglected adult personality development. ... following notes: ... from Erik Homburger to Erik Erikson ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Erik Homburger Erikson


1
Erik Homburger Erikson
  • 1902-1994
  • A modern psychologist

2
Biography
  • Born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • Mother was Danish and Jewish
  • Father was Danish and Christian (unknown to
    anyone other than his mother)

3
Biography
  • Mother married Dr. Homburger (Jewish)
  • Erik adopted at around age 7
  • Erik was Arian (ethnicity) in a Jewish community

4
Biography
  • Great confusion in high school
  • Dr. Homburger wanted Erik to be a doctor
  • Erik wanted to be an artist
  • Erik leaves on a Wanderjahr

5
Biography
  • Erik joins a high school friend, Peter Blos in
    Vienna, Austria.
  • He teaches art to the children of students at the
    Freudian Institute.
  • He becomes friends socially with Anna Freud and
    other students.

6
Biography
  • Erik decides to study under Freud
  • He marries Joan Serson
  • They move to America during the 1930s
  • He became Americas first child psychologist
  • Upon arrival in America, he changes his name from
    Erik Homburger to Erik Erikson (son of Erik).

7
Connection to Freud
  • Erikson initially felt that his own theory was
    simply an elaboration of Sigmund Freud's
    psychoanalytic theory.
  • Eventually, he decided he disagreed with too many
    of Freud's key points.

8
Connection to Freud
  • He felt Freud was correct in noting that people
    go through specific stages in developing their
    personalities, but he came to believe that Freud
    had overemphasized the role that sexual
    development plays and that Freud had neglected
    adult personality development.

9
Psychosocial Development
  • In his theory of psychosocial development,
    Erikson identified eight distinct periods of
    personality development. In each stage, according
    to his theory, the individual undergoes a
    "crisis" that will lead to either a healthy or an
    unhealthy trait.

10
(No Transcript)
11
Difference 1
  • Erikson developed eight psychosocial stages- idea
    that development is contingent on ones
    interaction with the people in the world around
    him or her.
  • Freud developed five psychosexual stages- idea
    that development as driven by unconscious
    aggressive and sexual urges.

12
Difference 2
  • Freud had only five stages ending at the age of
    18, while Erikson described eight stages ending
    at the close of life.

13
Difference 3
  • Freuds system depicts problems in development to
    be persistent. Unresolved issues led to
    psychological problems that cold never be
    overcome.
  • Erikson depicted these issues as problems that
    could be overcome and resolved at any point in
    life.

14
As you read the article, make the following
notes
  • Significant events in Eriksons personal life
  • For each stage take notes about
  • What the crisis is
  • What ages the stage encompasses
  • Significant issues of each stage
  • Healthy outcome
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