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United States

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United States Research Do Now Please get out your USA Research Graphic Organizer that we worked on in the library. Geography Location North America, bordering both ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: United States


1
United States
  • Research

2
Do Now
  • Please get out your USA Research Graphic
    Organizer that we worked on in the library.

3
Geography
  • Location
  • North America, bordering both the North Atlantic
    Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada
    and Mexico
  • 38 00 N, 97 00 W
  • about half the size of Russia about three-tenths
    the size of Africa about half the size of South
    America (or slightly larger than Brazil)
    slightly larger than China more than twice the
    size of the European Union
  • Capital Washington DC
  • Largest cities
  • (2010 census) New York City (8,175,133) Los
    Angeles (3,792,621) Chicago (2,695,598) Houston
    (2,100,263) Philadelphia (1,526,006) Phoenix
    (1,445,632) San Antonio (1,327,407) San Diego
    (1,307,402) Dallas (1,197,816) San Jose
    (945,942).
  • Population
  • 318,892,103 (July 2014 est.)

4
Geography
  • Area
  • total 9,826,675 sq km land 9,161,966 sq km
    water 664,709 sq km
  • Highest Elevation
  • HighestMount McKinley (Denali) 6,194 m (highest
    point in North America) above sea level.
    LowestDeath Valley -86 m
  • Landforms (physical features, terrain)
  • vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and
    low mountains in east rugged mountains and broad
    river valleys in Alaska rugged, volcanic
    topography in Hawaii

5
Geography
  • Bodies of Water
  • Oceans Atlantic, Pacific
  • Rivers Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Columbia,
    Colorado, Rio Grande, Potomac, Hudson
  • Lakes Great Lakes
  • Gulf Gulf of Mexico
  • Natural Resources
  • coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare
    earth elements, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron,
    mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc,
    petroleum, natural gas, timber

6
Geography
  • Climate
  • mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and
    Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great
    plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in
    the Great Basin of the southwest low winter
    temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated
    occasionally in January and February by warm
    chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the
    Rocky Mountains
  • Plant Life
  • Douglas fir, hemlock, red cedar, evergreen,
    goldenrod
  • Animal Life
  • bear, wolves, foxes, coyote, heron, alligator,
    duck, bullfrog, eagle

7
History
  • 1492- First Europeans led by Christopher
    Columbus Arrive in America
  • 1700- England had set up 13 separate colonies
  • 1763- British helped the colonist fight the
    French-Indian War
  • 1774- The First Continental Congress meet in
    Philadelphia to challenge British rule.
  • April 19, 1775- American Revolution begins

8
History
  • May 1775- Second Continental congress meets and
    forms an army led by George Washington.
  • July 4, 1776- Declaration of Independence
  • 1781- End of the Revolutionary War
  • Sept. 3, 1783- British and American leaders
    sign the Treaty of Paris
  • May1787- Congress called for a Constitutional
    Convention to make changes to the first
    Constitution.

9
History
  • 1788- US Constitution was approved
  • 1803- US Purchased the Louisiana Territory from
    France.
  • 1853- The US controlled all the land that would
    be the 48 contiguous states.
  • 1861- The start of the Civil War between the
    North and the South (States Rights)
  • 1900- US Obtained Hawaii and Alaska(1959) and
    was involved in two World Wars. (1914-1918)
    (1939-1945)
  • 1920- More people live in US cities than on farms

10
Government
  • Type of Government
  • constitution-based federal republic strong
    democratic tradition
  • Administrative Division
  • 50 states and 1 district
  • Independence
  • 4 July 1776 (declared) 3 September 1783
    (recognized by Great Britain)
  • Executive Branch
  • President Barack Obama, Vice President Joseph
    Biden, and Cabinet
  • Legislative Branch
  • bicameral congress consists of Senate and House
    of Representatives

11
Government
  • Judicial Branch
  • United States Supreme Court (consists of 9
    justices - the chief justice and 8 associate
    justices), Courts of Appeal (includes the US
    Court of Appeal for the Federal District and 12
    regional appeals courts) 94 federal district
    courts in 50 states and territories
  • Political Parties
  • Democratic Party, Republican Party, Green Party,
    Libertarian Party

12
Economy
  • Gross Domestic Product
  • 16.72 trillion (2013 est.)
  • 52,800 (2013 est.) per capita
  • Unemployment Rate
  • 7.3 (2013 est.)
  • Service Industries
  • education and health care, data processing and
    legal services, the operation of hotels and
    recreational facilities. finance, insurance, real
    estate, trade, transportation, communication,
    government services, retail trade, automobile
    dealerships, department stores, and
    supermarkets

13
Economy
  • Manufacturing
  • motor vehicles and parts processed foods and
    beverages chemicals fabricated metal products
    machinery paper products aluminum, steel, and
    other metals wood products
  • Agriculture
  • Soybeans, fruit, corn
  • Import Partners
  • China 19, Canada 14.1, Mexico 12
  • Import Products agricultural products 4.9,
    industrial supplies 32.9 (crude oil 8.2),
    capital goods 30.4 (computers,
    telecommunications equipment, motor vehicle
    parts, office machines, electric power
    machinery), consumer goods 31.8 (automobiles,
    clothing, medicines, furniture, toys)
  • Export Partners
  • Canada 18.9, Mexico 14, China 7.2
  • Export Products agricultural products (soybeans,
    fruit, corn) 9.2, industrial supplies (organic
    chemicals) 26.8, capital goods (transistors,
    aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers,
    telecommunications equipment)
  • Currency
  • United States Dollar (USD)

14
Culture
  • Ethnic Groups
  • white 79.96, black 12.85, Asian 4.43,
    Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97, native
    Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18, two or
    more races 1.61 (July 2007 estimate)
  • Language
  • English 82.1, Spanish 10.7, other Indo-European
    3.8, Asian and Pacific island 2.7, other 0.7
    (2000 census). The US has no official
    language
  • Religion
  • Protestant 51.3, Roman Catholic 23.9, Mormon
    1.7, other Christian 1.6, Jewish 1.7, Buddhist
    0.7, Muslim 0.6, other or unspecified 2.5,
    unaffiliated 12.1, none 4 (2007 est.)
  • Holidays
  • Independence Day (July 4), Presidents Day, Martin
    Luther King Jr. Day

15
Culture
  • Food
  • Hot dogs, Cheese Steak, Cheeseburger, Sweet
    Potatoes, Corn, Apple Pie, Fried Chicken, Baked
    Ham
  • Attractions/Places to Visit
  • Grand Canyon, Walt Disney World, Times Square,
    Las Vegas Strip
  • National anthem Star Spangled Banner
  • National symbols Bald Eagle, Flag of United
    States, United States Seal
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