WHI: SOL 3a-e Mesopotamia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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WHI: SOL 3a-e Mesopotamia

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... (once one of the 7 wonders of the world) ... PowerPoint Presentation Hittites PowerPoint Presentation Assyria PowerPoint Presentation New Babylon ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WHI: SOL 3a-e Mesopotamia


1
WHI SOL 3a-e Mesopotamia
  • Early River Valley Civilizations

2
Akkad
  • Sargon-ruler of Akkad, conquered and invaded
    neighboring city-states (2300 b.c.e.)
  • 1st empire in history- empire a group of cities
    or states controlled by one ruler
  • After Sargons death the empire was conquered and
    fell

3
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4
Babylon
  • 1790 b.c.e Hammurabi King of Babylon brought most
    of the Sumerian region under his control
  • Known for Code of Hammurabi
  • Established set of laws
  • 1st to codify a set of laws- codify to arrange
    and set down in writing
  • Code dealt with civil law (private
    matters-business, property, divorce, marriage,
    taxes, etc.)
  • Code also dealt with criminal law (offenses
    against others-murder, robbery, assault)

5
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7
Hittites
  • Moved out of Asia Minor in 1400 b.c.
  • brought knowledge of how to extract (get out)
    iron from ore
  • Tools and weapons made of iron were harder, had
    sharper edges than those of bronze or copper
  • After their empire collapsed, ironsmiths
    travelled and spread the knowledge to Asia,
    Africa, and Europe
  • Ushered in Iron Age

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9
Assyria
  • Among most feared warriors in history
  • Conquered many regions
  • Well-ordered society
  • Extensive library
  • Extreme wealth for royals

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11
New Babylon(Chaldea)
  • Nebuchadnezzar- rebuilt the city of Babylon
  • 85 ft. high walls, large moat
  • Hanging Gardens of Babylon (once one of the 7
    wonders of the world)
  • Rebuilt a magnificent ziggurat

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13
Phoenicians
  • Located along the eastern Mediterranean Sea
  • Sea traders
  • Traded glass (made from sand) and purple dye for
    tin and European goods
  • Established colonies in N. Africa, Sicily, and
    Spain
  • Carriers of civilization created an alphabet
    based on sound (i.e. Phonics, phonetic)

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15
Israel(Judaism)
  • Origins
  • Abraham (founder) made a covenant (a promise or
    agreement) with God
  • Moses led the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt,
    gave them the 10 Commandments
  • Jerusalem main city, part of the promised land
    of Canaan, rebuilt by Solomon captured by various
    empires over time, still disputed

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17
Israel
  • Beliefs, traditions, and customs
  • Belief in one God (monotheism)
  • Torah, which contains the written records and
    beliefs of the Jews
  • Ten Commandments, which state moral and religious
    conduct
  • Patriarchal, men hold greatest legal and moral
    authority

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19
Israel
  • Spread of Judaism
  • Exile- to force out
  • Diaspora- the spreading of the Jewish people all
    over the world

20
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