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Farm Safety

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Farm Safety They also face health and safety dangers, from exposure to chemicals and the operation of machinery to tending livestock. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Farm Safety


1
Farm Safety
2
They ltfarmersgt also face health and safety
dangers, from exposure to chemicals and the
operation of machinery to tending livestock. In
1999, the agriculture industry suffered more than
770 deaths and 150,000 disabling injuries.-
National Safety Council
3
Farm Buildings
  • Lock buildings containing hazardous materials
  • Working surfaces
  • Dry
  • Free of clutter
  • Roughened
  • Grooved

4
Farm Buildings
  • Good lighting
  • Handrails
  • Well ventilated
  • Clean

5
Secure Hazardous Areas!
  • Manure pits
  • Can emit deadly gasses
  • Gasses are trapped within manure
  • Release when manure is agitate

6
Sealed Silos
  • Fermenting silage releases nitric oxides
  • Can be deadly
  • Cause permanent lung damage
  • Off limits except with self-contained breathing
    apparatus (SCUBA)!!

7
Additional Preventive Measures
  • Close doors to hay lofts
  • Secure grain and feed silos
  • Never enter a grain or feed bin when unloading is
    in progress

8
Equipment and Machinery
9
Tractor Safety
10
Tractors are the leading cause of death on farms.
Around 50 of all deaths on farms involve
tractors.
11
  • Fasten seat belts!
  • Avoid operating near ditches and embankments
  • Slow down for
  • Turns
  • Crossing slopes
  • On slippery surfaces

12
Do not allow additional riders!
  • Children should NEVER be permitted on tractors!

13
Tractor Safety
  • Stay off steep slopes
  • Hitch only to appropriate hitch points
  • Do not tow loads too heavy for tractor
  • When stopped
  • Engage break securely
  • Use parking lock
  • Turn tractor off before leaving seat

14
When traveling on public roads
  • Turn lights and flashers on
  • Display SMV sign appropriately
  • Keep buckets to front-loaders low to the ground

15
Rollover Protective Structure (ROPS)
  • Cab or frame that provides a safe environment
  • Designed to prevent death or minimize injury
  • Are standardized
  • ASAE and OSHA certified
  • Must pass a series of crash tests
  • Are legally required on tractors manufactured
    since 1985

16
Retrofit older tractors with ROPS
  • Depends on model
  • Check with manufacturer
  • Check on cost

17
Never attempt a make-shift ROPS!
  • Too many variables
  • Metal strength
  • Mounting
  • False sense of security
  • May be worse than nothing
  • Will not protect a driver in a rollover

18
  • A seat belt always needs to be worn in
    conjunction with ROPS!

19
Slow Moving Vehicle Emblem
20
Why use a slow moving vehicle (SMV) emblem?
  • Its the law!
  • Warns other traffic that you are a SMV
  • Cautions other drivers to slow down

21
SMV Emblem Law
  • Clearly displayed rear and center
  • Placed point up
  • Lower edge at least 2 ft and not more than 6 ft
    above ground
  • Equilateral triangle
  • 14 inches high
  • Fluorescent orange
  • Red reflective border

22
Lockout/Tagout
23
Lockout
The placement of a lock or a block on an
energy-isolating device to prevent the operation
of the machine or equipment being serviced.
24
Tagout
Attachment of a warning tag to a switch, valve or
other energy isolating device indicating that the
equipment is being serviced and is inoperable
until the tagout device is removed.
25
What is Lockout/Tagout?
  • Defined protocol for appropriate shut down of
    equipment and machinery
  • Prevents injury from unexpected energy release

26
Steps in a Lockout/Tagout Procedure
  • Notification that procedure is scheduled
  • Turn off machinery
  • Locate the isolating device
  • Check condition of locks and tags
  • Affix lock and tag
  • Attempt to restart
  • Ready for servicing

27
Power Take-off (PTO) SystemsMechanism for
transferring power between a tractor and
implements
28
PTO Injuries
  • Responsible for 15 20 of all farming injuries
  • Often result in the amputation of fingers, toes
    or limbs

29
Engage Power Gradually
  • Start equipment from the cab
  • Make sure no one is near the PTO!
  • Never allow a child to operate a PTO!

30
Wear Job-Appropriate Clothing
  • Wear snug fitting clothes
  • Loose clothes can become entangled
  • Avoid synthetic materials
  • Dont tear and pull limbs in more easily

31
Shields and Guards
  • Keep PTO shielded and guarded
  • Replace shields after maintenance
  • Test driveline guards

32
Disengage PTO and turn off tractor before
  • Dismounting
  • Cleaning
  • Repairing
  • Adjusting

33
Additional Safety Precautions
  1. Never step over a rotating shaft!
  2. Always walk around the tractor!
  3. Use driveline specific to your tractor
  4. Prevent drawbar stress

34
Animal Handling
  • About one out six farming accidents involves
    animals
  • Animals are the second leading cause of injury on
    farms

35
Animal Dangers
  • Bites
  • Kicks
  • Pinning workers between fixed objects (buildings,
    machinery)

36
When handling animals
  • Be calm and deliberate
  • Speak gently
  • Animals have sensitive hearing
  • Reduced depth perception
  • Cannot see something right behind them

37
Animals respond to routine
  • Avoid extremes
  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • Lighting
  • Be cautious when deviating from routine!

38
Approaching Animals
  • Announce your approach
  • Touch an animals front or side
  • Avoid common kicking region

39
Use caution approaching animals that are
  • Frightened
  • Hurt
  • Sick
  • Protecting their young

40
Leave yourself an out
  • Avoid small, enclosed areas
  • Use adequate restraining and handling facilities
  • Work outside chutes

41
Personal Protective Equipment
42
Filters Respirators
43
Respiratory Hazards
  • Particulate contaminants
  • Dusts from silage, grains, feed
  • Vapors and gases
  • Pesticides
  • Oxygen deficient atmospheres
  • Sealed silos
  • Manure pits

44
Particulate Filters
  • Filter out substances harmful to lungs
  • Dusts from grains
  • Silage
  • Feed

45
Chemical Cartridges
  • Filters gases and vapors
  • Are task specific
  • Using the wrong cartridge could be deadly!

46
Eye Care Protection
47
How can I protect my eyes while farming?
  • Goggles
  • Safety glasses with shields
  • Splash goggles
  • Face shields

48
Sunglasses
  • UV absorbent
  • Sturdy frames
  • Impact resistant lenses

49
Clothing
  • Never wear baggy clothing
  • Wear rubber gloves when
  • Applying pesticides
  • Assisting animals birth
  • Treating sick animals
  • Safety shoes/boots should have metal toe cap and
    be skid-resistant

50
Zoonoses
  • Protecting yourself and your family from animal
    diseases

51
What are zoonoses?
Diseases that are transmitted from animals to
humans
52
Zoonose facts
  • 120 known zoonoses
  • Risk of contamination depends on the disease and
    situation
  • Animals may appear to be healthy but may be
    infectious
  • Almost all animals can be potential carriers

53
How are diseases transmitted?
  • Every day contact with animals
  • Transporting carcasses
  • By-products (feces/urine)
  • Scratches or bites
  • From milk and milking
  • Contaminated soils
  • Contaminated meats

54
Prevention
  • Prevent food contamination
  • Cook red meat to 160 degrees
  • Cook poultry to 180 degrees
  • Dont allow juices to drip on other food
  • Wash hands before and after handling food

55
Prevention
  • Avoid contact with diseased animals
  • Dispose of carcasses properly
  • Vaccinate pets
  • Wash hands after handling animals

56
Prevention
  • Prevent tick bites
  • Wear repellent
  • Wear appropriate clothing
  • Treat animal scratches seriously!
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