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?? a???

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... NCAR, ... ARW - NCAR Graphics Command Language ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ?? a???


1
?? a???µ?t??? µ??t??? p?????s?? ?a???? WRF
??????? ?e?????a?, ?. ???a??????, T. ?a?a??sta?,
S. ??ts?p????? ?. ?paµp????? ?a? ?. ?at??????
???ast???? ?ete???????a? ?a? ???µat?????a? ?.?.T.
2
?? e??a? t? WRF
  • WRF Weather Research and Forecasting Model
  • - ???s?µ?p??e?ta? ??a ??e??a ?a?
    ep??e???s?a??
  • ???a? ??a ?p?st?????µe?? ?????t??? µ??t???,
    d??. e?e??e?? ?a? d?aµ???a??µe?? a??? µe
    ?ata?eµ?µ??? a??pt??? ?a? ?e?t???? ?p?st?????
  • ??apt?sseta? ap? t? NCAR, NOAA/ESRL and
    NOAA/NCEP/EMC a??? s??e?sf????? p?????
    e?e???t???? f????? ap? ??? t?? ??sµ?

3
???aµ???? p????e?
  • ?? WRF ??e? d?? d??aµ????? p????e? ??? Advanced
    Research WRF (ARW) ?a? t?? Nonhydrostatic
    Mesoscale Model (NMM)
  • ?? d??aµ???? p????e? pe???aµί????? ?????? t??
    ??????t?a µetaf???, t?? ίa??ίa?µ?da, t?? d??aµ?
    Coriolis, t?? ???s?, t?? d????s? ?a? ta ί?µata
    ????????s?? t?? e??s?se??.
  • ?a? ?? d?? p????e? e??a? Eulerian µe ?ata????fe?
    s??teta?µ??e? p?? a????????? t?? ?????af?a.
  • ? a??pt??? t?? ARW ???eta? ?????? st? NCAR/MMM
    (Mesoscale Microscale Meteorology)
  • ? a??pt??? t?? NMM p?a?µat?p??e?ta? ap? t?
    NCEP/EMC (Environmental Modeling Center) ?a?
    ?p?st????? pa???eta? ap? t? NCAR/DTC
    (Developmental Testbed Center)
  • T?µata f?s????, t? ?p?ίa??? t?? ????sµ???? ?a?
    µ??? t?? p??-epe?e??as?a? ?a? µet-epe?e??as?a?
    e??a? ????? a??µesa st??? d?? p????e?

4
??d?se??
  • Version 1.0 WRF (pa???s??st??e t?? ?e??µί??? t??
    2000)
  • Version 2.0 May 2004 (p??st????e t? NMM, ?a? ?
    d??at?t?ta eµf??e?s?? st? ??)
  • Version 2.1 August 2005 (t? EM ???eta? ARW)
  • Version 2.2 December 2006 (pa???s??st??e t? WPS)
  • Version 3.0 April 2008 (pe???aµί??e? t?? ??d?s?
    global ARW)
  • Version 3.1 April 2009
  • Version 3.2 April 2010
  • Version 3.3 April 2011
  • Version 3.4 April 2012
  • Version 3.5 April 2013
  • Version 3.5.1 September 2013 (bug-fix/minor
    release)
  • Version 3.6 April 2014
  • Version 3.6.1 August 2014 (bug-fix/minor release)
  • Version 3.7 April 2015 (t?????sa ??d?s?)

5
???se?? t?? WRF
  • ARW ?a? NMM
  • ?tµ?sfa????? f?s???/??e??a pa?aµet??p???se??
  • ?e??te? pe??pt?se??
  • ????µ?t??? p?????s? ?a???? se p?a?µat??? ?????
  • ??e??a af?µ???s?? ded?µ???? (Data assimilation)
  • ??das?a??a d??aµ???? µete???????a? ?a?
    a???µ?t???? p?????s?? ?a????
  • ???? t? ARW
  • ?p???a?? ?a? t?p??? ???µat??? ??e??a
  • ?fa?µ???? se s??e??? µe ??µe?a
  • ???s?µ???se?? pa???sµ??? ???µa?a?
  • ?deat?? p??s?µ???se?? se d??f??e? ???µa?e?
    (a??µetaf???, ίa????????? ??µata, LES)

6
????? ???s?µ?p??e? t? WRF
  • ?a?ep?st?µ?a (??e??a t?? t?µ?a t?? d??aµ????, t??
    f?s???? t?? ?a????, ???µat??? ??e??a)
  • ?µ?de? p?????s?? se ep??e???s?a?? ???t?a
  • ?p?st?µ??e? efa?µ???? (????t?ta t?? a??a,
    ?d??????a, ??µ?s?e? ?p??es?e?)

7
(No Transcript)
8
?µ?µata t?? s?st?µat?? µ??te??p???s??
  • ?µ?µa p??epe?e??as?a? t?? µ??t???? (WRF
    Pre-processing System WPS)
  • - ?a?eµί??? (interpolation) p?a?µat????
    ded?µ???? ??a a???µ?t??? p?????s? ?a????
  • - ?????aµµa ??a p??s???? ep?p???? pa?at???se??
    st?? a?a??se?? (obsgrid)
  • ???t??? WRF (d??aµ???? p????e? ARW ?a? NMM)
  • - ??????µµta a?????p???s?? ??a p?a?µat??? ?a?
    (??a t? ARW) ?deat? ded?µ??a (real.exe/ideal.exe
    )
  • - ?????aµµa a???µ?t???? ????????s?? (wrf.exe)
  • ???a?e?a ??af???? ?a? e?????? ap?te?esµ?t??
  • WRF DA (af?µ???s? ded?µ????)
  • WRF-Chem (s??e??? µe ??µ??? µ??t???)
  • WRF-Fire (s??e??µ??? µ??t??? ??a das????
    p???a????)

9
?fa?µ??? t?? µ??t????
  • ?pa?a?t?ta ded?µ??a p?? de? a??????? µe t? ?????
    ??a t? s???e???µ??? pe????? efa?µ????
  • ?????aµµa GEOGRID
  • - ?????f???e? ??a t?? p??ί??? t?? ???t?
  • ??d??stata p?e?µat??? ded?µ??a ?e???af????
    µ????? ?a? p??t???, ??????e?a? pa?aµ?t???,
    pa?????te? pa?aµ??f?s?? ???? p??ί????, ?t?.
  • - ??p???af???? p????f???e?
  • ??d??stata p?e?µat??? ded?µ??a ?????af?a?,
    ί??st?s?? ?a? ?at??????? ed?f???, ?t?.

10
?e?????? ????????s?? t?? µ??t????
11
?fa?µ??? t?? µ??t????
  • ?pa?a?t?ta ded?µ??a p?? a??????? µe t? ????? ??a
    t? s???e???µ??? pe????? efa?µ????
  • ??????? s?????e? (a????s? st?? a????? ?????
    a????s?)
  • ???a??? ?a? p?e?????? s?????e? (µet?pe?ta
    ??????? s?µe?a)
  • ??????µµata UNGRIB ?a? METGRID
  • - ???d??stata ped?a ??????t??? a??µ??,
    ?e?µ???as?a?, ?e?d??aµ????, s?et???? ???as?a?
  • - ??d??stata ped?a p?es?? st? µ?s? st??µ? t??
    ???assa?, ep?fa?e?a??? ?e?µ???as?a?, s?et????
    ???as?a? ?a? a??µ??
  • - ?etaίa???µe?a µe t? ????? ep?fa?e?a?? ped?a
    ???????????, ?e?µ???as?a ed?f???, ???as?a ed?f???

12
?? e??a? ??a a??e?? GRIB
  • To GRIB e??a? ??a t?p?? a??e??? p?? ??e? p??ta?e?
    ap? t?? WMO ??a t?? ap????e?s? ?a??????
    ?ata?eµ?µ???? (d??ad? se ?a?????? p???µa) ped???
  • - General Regularly-distributed Information in
    Binary
  • ?a ped?a µ?sa se ??a a??e?? GRIB e??a?
    s?µp?esµ??a µe ??a? ap??est??? a??????µ?
    s?µp?es??-
  • - S?µίa??e? ap???p? t?? a???µ?? se s???e???µ???
    a???µ? ??f???
  • ???a? t?p?? a??e??? p?? ίas??eta? sta records
  • ?a ped?a a?a????????ta? µ??? ap? ??d?????
    a???µ???
  • - G?a t?? a?t?st????s? ped??? µ?sa st? a??e?? µe
    ped?a µetaί??t?? (p.?. ?e?µ???as?a)
    ???s?µ?p?????ta? e??te????? p??a?e? a?t?st????s??

13
?fa?µ??? t?? µ??t????
  • ?? p??s?µ???se?? se t?p??? ???µa?a ??e?????ta?
    apa?a?t?ta p?e?????? ???a??? s?????e? se
    ?a????sµ??a ??????? s?µe?a ( p.? ???e 6 ??e?) se
    ??? t? d????e?a t?? p??s?µ???s??
  • - ???d??stata ped?a ??????t??? a??µ??,
    ?e?µ???as?a? ?e?d??aµ????, ???as?a?
  • - ??d??stat? ped?? t?? p?es?? st?? ep?f??e?a
  • G?a µe???e? p??s?µ???se?? (gt 1 eίd?µ?da) e??a?
    apa?a?t?te? ?a? ???a??? s?????e? st? ??t? ????
    t?? µ??t????
  • - ??d??stat? ped?? t?? ?e?µ???as?a? t??
    ???assa?, t?? p???? st? ???assa ?a? t?? ???sµat??
    ί??st?s??

14
?????aµµa ???? t?? WPS ?a? t?? WRF
15
?fa?µ??? t?? µ??t????
  • ?????µ? t?? WPS
  • ???et? st?d?a e?t??es?? p?? ?a??d?????ta? ap?
    namelist
  • - geogrid.exe (pa?eµί??? t?? ?a?t?? ?a? t?? µ?
    µetaίa???µe??? µe t? ????? ped???)
  • - ungrib.exe (µetat??p? t?? µetaίa???µe??? µe t?
    ????? a??e??? grib se ap?? binary a??e?a)
  • - metgrid.exe (pa?eµί??? µetaίa???µe??? µe t?
    ????? ded?µ???? t?? a?????? ?a? ???a??? s???????)
  • - obsgrid.exe (p??a??et??? e?t??es? ??a p??s????
    pe??ss?te??? pa?at???se??)
  • ?????µ? t?? WRF
  • ??? st?d?a e?t??es? ?a??d????µe?a ap? namelist
  • - real.exe or real_nmm.exe (d?µ??????a
    ?ata????f?? ep?p?d?? ??a t?? a?????? ?a? ???a???
    s?????e?)
  • - wrf.exe (????????s? t?? µ??t????)

namelist a??e?? µe p????f???e? ??a t?? e?t??es?
s???e???µ???? d?aµ??f?s?? t?? µ??t????
16
??? ded?µ????
17
G?af??? ?a? epa???e?s? t?? µ??t????
  • G?a ARW ?a? NMM
  • - RIP4 (Read, Interpolate and Plot)
  • - Unified Post-Processor (UPP)
  • ?etat??p? se GriB (??a epe?e??as?a µe
    GrADS ?a? GEMPAK)
  • - MET (Model Evaluation Toolkit)
  • G?a ARW µ???
  • - NCAR Graphics Command Language (NCL)
  • - ARWpost
  • ?????aµµa ??a µetat??p? ?ste ?a epe?e??ast???
    µe GrADS
  • - VAPOR (e??a?e?? ?pt???p???s?? 3D)
  • - IDV (e??a?e?? ?pt???p???s?? 3D)

18
G?af??? ?a? epa???e?s? t?? µ??t????
19
G?af??? ?a? epa???e?s? t?? µ??t????
20
?pa?t?se?? s?st?µat??
  • Se t? s?st?µata t???e? t? WRF
  • - Ge???? ???e s?st?µa (32µp?t? ? 64µp?t?) µe ??a
    UNIX?e?de? ?e?t??????? s?st?µa
  • ?a?ade??µata ap?de?t?? s?st?µ?t??
  • - Laptops, desktops ?a? clusters µe ?e?t???????
    Linux
  • - Laptops ?a? desktop µe ?e?t??????? MacOSX
  • - Clusters p?? t?????? Linux ?
    AIX(Cray,IBM,SGI,?t?.)

21
?pa?a?t?te? ί?ί??????e?
  • NetCDF (apa?a?t?t? ??a t? WRF ?a? t? WPS)
  • G?a t?? ?p?st????? ded?µ???? se µ??f? GRIB2
  • - JasPer (JPEG 2000 ί?ί??????? ap??est????
    s?µp?es??)
  • - PNG (ί?ί??????? µ? ap??est???? s?µp?es??)
  • - Zlib (ί?ί??????? s?µp?es?? p?? ???s?µ?p??e?ta?
    ap? t? PNG)
  • ??ί??????e? MPI (??a e?t??es? µe pa???????
    t??p?)
  • - MPICH2

22
  • ???t?se??
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