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Egyptian Civilization

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... Religion Egyptian Religion Belief in the Afterlife Mummification Mummification The Mummification Process The Mummification Process King Tut s Tomb - 1922 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Egyptian Civilization


1
Egyptian Civilization
  • Section 2-4
  • pp. 50-56

2
Preview Questions
  • How did religious beliefs shape the lives of
    early Egyptians?
  • How was Egyptian Society organized?
  • What advances did Egyptians make in learning and
    the arts?

3
Egyptian Religion
  • Egyptians were POLYTHEISTIC
  • Legend of Osiris and Isis

Osiris
4
Egyptian Religion
  • Ancient Egyptian gods included
  • Amen-Re The King of the gods
  • Maat goddess of truth, justice, and harmony
  • Nuit goddess of the sky
  • Seth god of wind and storms

Re
5
Egyptian Religion
  • Ib (Heart)
  • Sheut (Shadow)
  • Ren (Name)
  • Ba (Soul / Personality)
  • Ka (Life Force)

6
Belief in the Afterlife
  • Believed to face a test in the afterlife
  • Worthy souls entered Happy Field of Food
  • Sinners faced the Eater of the Dead
  • Book of the Dead
  • Learn spells to be used in afterlife

7
Mummification
8
Mummification
  • Purpose To give a soul use of its body in the
    afterlife (Ka)
  • Used first for rulers and nobles

9
The Mummification Process
  • The Deluxe
  • Preparation
  • Brain extracted through nose
  • Internal organs removed
  • Body dried out with salts
  • Treated with oil and resin
  • Beautification
  • Hairdressers called in
  • Wrapped in linen

10
The Mummification Process
  • The Deluxe
  • Final Send Off
  • Covered with amulets
  • 'You will live again for ever. Behold, you are
    young again for ever
  • Goods needed for the afterlife were placed in
    tomb

11
King Tuts Tomb - 1922
12
King Tuts Tomb - 1922
  • Tomb contained 413 Ushabti figures, intended to
    represent the king

13
King Tuts Tomb - 1922
  • Made of solid gold
  • Portrait of the young king
  • Two protective animals, the cobra and vulture,
    are shown on the forehead

14
Egyptian Society
  • Priests served pharaohs
  • Most men were farmers or slaves
  • Merchant class was important b/c of trade
  • Women had many political and personal rights

15
Egyptian Learning
  • Written Records
  • Hieroglyphics
  • Ideograms
  • Papyrus
  • Rosetta Stone
  • Helped scholars decipher hieroglyphics

16
Egyptian Learning
  • Medicine and Science
  • Surgery
  • Astronomers developed calendar
  • Geometry

17
Review Questions
  • How did religious beliefs shape the lives of
    early Egyptians?
  • How was Egyptian Society organized?
  • What advances did Egyptians make in learning and
    the arts?

18
The Mummy Maker Game
  • Mummy Maker
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