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Neurological Disorders

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NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS Dementia A degenerative syndrome characterized by deficits in memory, language, and mood. The most common form: Alzheimer s Disease Usually ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Neurological Disorders


1
Neurological Disorders
2
Dementia
  • A degenerative syndrome characterized by deficits
    in memory, language, and mood.
  • The most common form Alzheimers Disease
  • Usually slow onset
  • Characterized by three stages.

3
What happens in the brain?
  • Plaques Tangles
  • Signs Symptoms
  • Short-term memory loss
  • Psychosis, aggression, may have personality
    changes,
  • Eventually loss of judgment, unable to care for
    oneself

4
(Alzheimers Association, 2015)
5
(Alzheimers Association, 2015)
6
(Alzheimers Association, 2015)
7
(Alzheimers Association, 2015)
8
Those affected by Alzheimers
  • Caregiver burden is high
  • Who are the caregivers?
  • 17.5 billion hours of unpaid care to patients
    with Alzheimers (Alzheimers Association, 2013)
  • Estimated value of 216 billion
  • Medicare is the largest payer for paid care
    (hospitals, doctors, etc)

9
(Alzheimers Association, 2015)
10
Treatment / Prevention
  • Medications available to help slow progression,
    treat some symptoms
  • Lifestyle factors
  • Vitamin E

11
Parkinsons Disease
12
Parkinsons Disease (PD)
  • Movement disorder that results from degeneration
    of nerve cells in basal ganglia.
  • Cause Unknown
  • Environmental factors may be key, especially
    undetected viruses

13
Signs Symptoms of PD
  • Tremor
  • Rigidity
  • Loss of reflexes
  • Mask-like facial expression

14
Surgical Treatment of PD
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Generates electrical activity
  • Not curative

15
Treatment / Prevention of PD
  • Medications
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Supportive care
  • Prevention??

16
Multiple Sclerosis
17
Multiple Sclerosis
  • Chronic, progressive disorder of unknown origin.
  • Possible causes
  • Viruses, immunologic reaction to virus, bacteria,
    trauma, autoimmunity, and genetics.
  • Cause remains inconclusive

18
Signs Symptoms of MS
  • Muscle impairment
  • Loss of balance / poor coordination
  • Numbness / tingling
  • Difficulty speaking clearly
  • Double vision

19
Treatment Prevention of MS
  • Currently, no cure
  • Some therapies may help with symptoms
  • Physical Therapy
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Acupuncture
  • Connection to Vitamin D???

20
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
21
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • AKA Lou Gehrigs Disease
  • Chronic, terminal, neurological disease
    characterized by progressive loss of motor
    neurons.
  • Cause unknown
  • Slightly more common in men

22
  • http//www.ted.com/talks/nancy_frates_why_my_famil
    y_started_the_als_ice_bucket_challenge_the_rest_is
    _historyt-536090
  • http//www.bing.com/videos/search?qLiving20with
    20ALSqsnformQBVRpqliving20with20alssc8-1
    5sp-1skviewdetailmidA0150868482854D56AB8A0
    150868482854D56AB8

23
Treatment / Prevention of ALS
  • Early education to patient and family on how to
    care for patient.
  • Special attention to airway
  • Can it be prevented?
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